How our work is used

The work of the FRA is used by various stakeholders including, but not limited to, the institutions and bodies of the European Union, the Council of Europe, the UN, the OSCE and other international organisations. A selection of examples is given below.

Council of the European Union View all
Document Title Datum Area Abstract
Council conclusions on fundamental rights and rule of law and on the Commission 2012 Report on the Application of the Charter of 07/06/2013 Racism, xenophobia & related intolerance

... "The Council looks forward to receiving the forthcoming report pursuant to Article 10(2) of the Council Framework Decision 2008/913/JHA of 28 November 2008 on combating certain forms and expressions of racism and xenophobia by means of criminal law for assessing the effectiveness of the existing EU legal norms on fighting hate crimes." ...

... "The Council looks forward to receiving the Commission’s reflection in due course on the completion of this process of dialogue, to working with the Commission in this process, and to giving further consideration at its forthcoming meetings to the possible need for and possible shape of methods or initiatives to better safeguard fundamental values, in particular the rule of law and the fundamental rights of persons in the Union and to counter extreme forms of intolerance, such as racism, anti-Semitism, xenophobia and homophobia." ...

EU statement at the thematic debate “Discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation and gender identity” - Committee of Ministe 18/09/2012 LGBT rights

.... "The EU strongly supports the Council of Europe's action aiming at combating all forms of discrimination against lesbians, gays, bisexuals and transgender persons. The EU is ready to strengthen cooperation with the Council of Europe in this field - as it is mentioned in the EU Strategic Framework and Action Plan on Human Rights and Democracy – on the basis of complementarity. In particular the EU is prepared to develop a strategy on how to cooperate with third countries, including within the Council of Europe.

Concerning possible cooperation measures, the EU welcomes the Secretary General's suggestion contained in document SG/Inf(2012)24 to expand to all Council of Europe's member states the EU Fundamental Rights Agency’s methodology on LGBT data collection."
 

Council of the European Unon - 13847/12 Note from Presidency - Apprehension of migrants in an irregular situation 18/09/2012 Asylum, immigration & integration of migrants

Delegations will find attached a series of considerations from the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights concerning the apprehension of immigrants in an irregular situation.

Council conclusions on the 2011 report from the Commission 26/06/2012 FRA mandate

.."10. The data collected by the Fundamental Rights Agency on specific thematic topics and opinions given in accordance with its mandate remain an important tool for the EU institutions and its Member States in many matters related to the implementation of EU law. The Council appreciates the role of the Agency in raising awareness about when the Charter applies and about where to turn to when fundamental rights have been violated, including through the further development of its dedicated Charterpedia web-database and application.

11. Bearing in mind the invitation made in the Stockholm Program, the Council encourages all EU institutions and the Member States to make full use of the expertise of the Agency and to consult with the Agency, where appropriate and in line with its mandate, on the development of legislation and policies with implications for fundamental rights. Furthermore, the Council invites the Agency, in the reports drafted with its thematic areas, to take into account how the Charter is being applied. The Council finally reiterates its commitment to discuss the findings and recommendations of the Agency's annual reports and, where appropriate, other reports, in the Working Party on Fundamental Rights, Citizens' Rights and Free Movement of Persons or in other preparatory bodies of the Council, depending on the subject matter of the report."...

European Commission View all
Document Title Datum Area Abstract
European Commission calls on Member States to step up efforts on Roma integration 26/06/2013 Roma

... "The Commission has analysed the progress made in 2012 in implementing national strategies on the basis of Member States' input, and contributions from experts and civil society, as well as findings brought out by the FRA”. ...

...“Finally, to help Member States measure progress on Roma integration, the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) set up an ad hoc working group. Its main objective is to help participating Member States set up effective monitoring mechanisms to obtain reliable and comparable results”. ...

...“As highlighted by the working group on monitoring set up by the FRA, a monitoring system should be able to provide accurate feedback to governments at various levels: on the one hand, on progress towards the goals in the national strategy and in the local action plans; and on the other hand, on improvements in the socio-economic situation of Roma and in their fundamental rights compared to the majority population (monitoring ‘the gap’)”....

...“They are marginalised and mostly live in very bad socio-economic conditions. On average, only one in two Roma children attend pre-school or kindergarten; participation in education drops considerably after compulsory school with only 15% of young Roma adults completing upper-secondary education; on average, fewer than one in three Roma report to be in employment; 20 % are not covered by health insurance and 90 % are living below the poverty line. (findings of the FRA Roma pilot survey)”...

...“With the support of the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights and in line with applicable national and EU law, the Member States should define core indicators and data collection methods to measure progress on a regular basis, particularly at local level, enabling efficient reporting and comparison between the situation of Roma and non-Roma in and across Member States.”...

...“The Commission will report once a year in spring – next report will be in 2014 – to the European Parliament and to the Council on progress made on the four pillars of education, employment, health and housing, based on information provided by the Member States, on data collected by the EU Fundamental Rights Agency and on the contributions received from civil society organisations”....

 

4th Annual report on immigration and asylum COM(2013) 422 final 17/06/2013 Asylum, immigration & integration of migrants

Footnote 116: E.g., the guidance document "Apprehension of migrants in an irregular situation – fundamental rights considerations" developed by the Fundamental Rights Agency in 2012 should be taken into account in apprehension practices.

Parliamentary questions: Answer given by Mrs Reding on behalf of the Commission E-003266-13 03/05/2013 Racism, xenophobia & related intolerance

... "The Commission is also supporting the collection of data on experiences of hate crime by the EU Fundamental Rights Agency." ...
 
... "To date the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights has collected and published data on immigrants and ethnic minorities’ experiences of criminal victimisation, including hate crime."
 

Communication from the Commission - Establishing a European Law Enforcement Training Scheme - COM(2013) 172 final 27/03/2013 Human rights education

specific references to the FRA, its current and future role in the context of police training

Commission staff working document - Evidence on demographic and social Trends – Social Policies' Contribution to Inclusion, Empl 20/03/2013 Roma

... "Ethnic minorities, including the Roma, are not identified in the EU-SILC. However, 2011 survey data provided by the Fundamental Rights Agency (FRA), the United Nations Development Programme and the World Bank show that Roma experience more severe poverty and social exclusion than other groups in the societies in which they live."...
 

European Parliament View all
Document Title Datum Area Abstract
European Parliament resolution of 3 July 2013 on the situation of fundamental rights: standards and practices in Hungary (pursua 03/07/2013 FRA mandate

... "79. Given the current institutional mechanism laid down in Article 7 TEU, reiterates the calls it made, in its resolution of 12 December 2012 on the situation of fundamental rights in the European Union (2010- 2011), for the establishment of a new mechanism to ensure compliance by all Member States with the common values enshrined in Article 2 TEU, and the continuity of the ‘Copenhagen criteria’; this mechanism could assume the form of a ‘Copenhagen Commission’ or high-level group, a ‘group of wise men’ or an Article 70 TFEU evaluation, and build up on the reforming and strengthening of the mandate of the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, and on the framework of a strengthened Commission-Council-European Parliament-Member States dialogue on measures to be taken;

80. Reiterates that the setting up of such a mechanism could involve a rethinking of the mandate of the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, which should be enhanced to include regular monitoring of Member States' compliance with Article 2 TEU; recommends that such a ‘Copenhagen high-level group’ or any such mechanism should build on and cooperate with existing mechanisms and structures; recalls the role of the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, which could bring together the highly valuable work of the various existing Council of Europe monitoring bodies and the Agency's own data and analysis in order to carry out independent, comparative and regular assessments of the EU Member States' compliance with Article 2 TEU." ...
"

Report on the situation of fundamental rights: standards and practices in Hungary (pursuant to the European Parliament resolutio 25/06/2013 FRA mandate

... "78. Given the current institutional mechanism laid down in Article 7 TEU, reiterates the calls it made, in its resolution of 12 December 2012 on the situation of fundamental rights in the European Union (2010-2011), for the establishment of a new mechanism to ensure compliance by all Member States with the common values enshrined in Article 2 TEU, and the continuity of the 'Copenhagen criteria'; this mechanism could assume the form of a 'Copenhagen Commission' or high-level group, a 'group of wise men’ or an Article 70 TFEU evaluation, and build up on the reforming and strengthening of the mandate of the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, and on the framework of a strengthened Commission-Council-European Parliament-Member States dialogue on measures to be taken;

79.   Reiterates that the setting up of such a mechanism could involve a rethinking of the mandate of the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, which should be enhanced to include regular monitoring of Member States’ compliance with Article 2 TEU; recommends that such a ‘Copenhagen high-level group’ or any such mechanism should build on and cooperate with existing mechanisms and structures; recalls the role of the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, which could bring together the highly valuable work of the various existing Council of Europe monitoring bodies and the Agency’s own data and analysis in order to carry out independent, comparative and regular assessments of the EU Member States’ compliance with Article 2 TEU." ...

LIBE Committee - Working document 1 on the situation of fundamental rights in the European Union in 2012 21/06/2013 Access to justice

references to FRA symposium 2013 discussions and Focus section of FRA Annual report 2012 

JURI Committee newsletter 6 (June 2013) 19/06/2013 LGBT rights

 p. 5.

..." The rapporteur, in her draft report, has presented her amendments to the two proposals: as regards matrimonial property regimes, she suggests in particular a number of clarifications regarding the scope, a restructuring and clarification of the rules on applicable law and a clear orientation towards other instruments in the area of cooperation in civil matters, such as the recently adopted Regulation on wills and succession and the Brussels I Regulation, currently being recast.
As regards the property regimes for registered partnerships, she proposes largely parallel rules to the ones on married couples, in particular opening the possibility of a choice of law to registered partnerships as well. The absence of choice of law in the Commission proposal had been the subject of an opinion requested by Parliament, on the initiative of JURI, from the Fundamental Rights Agency in Vienna, which found that the Commission had not adequately justified the differentiation between married couples and registered partnerships. Both draft reports suggest that the provisions on recognition, enforceability and enforcement of decisions, as well as authentic instruments and court settlements, be aligned to the Regulation on Wills and Successions." ...

 

JURI Committee newsletter 6 (June 2013) 19/06/2013 LGBT rights

 p. 5.

..." The rapporteur, in her draft report, has presented her amendments to the two proposals: as regards matrimonial property regimes, she suggests in particular a number of clarifications regarding the scope, a restructuring and clarification of the rules on applicable law and a clear orientation towards other instruments in the area of cooperation in civil matters, such as the recently adopted Regulation on wills and succession and the Brussels I Regulation, currently being recast.
As regards the property regimes for registered partnerships, she proposes largely parallel rules to the ones on married couples, in particular opening the possibility of a choice of law to registered partnerships as well. The absence of choice of law in the Commission proposal had been the subject of an opinion requested by Parliament, on the initiative of JURI, from the Fundamental Rights Agency in Vienna, which found that the Commission had not adequately justified the differentiation between married couples and registered partnerships. Both draft reports suggest that the provisions on recognition, enforceability and enforcement of decisions, as well as authentic instruments and court settlements, be aligned to the Regulation on Wills and Successions." ...

 

Council of Europe View all
Document Title Datum Area Abstract
ECRI Report on Finland 09/07/2013 Roma

References to  FRA Roma housing report and EUMIDIS:

... "A study published by the European Union’s Fundamental Rights Agency in 200921 shows that half of Roma interviewed had experienced differential treatment because of their ethnic origin while seeking housing. They were of the opinion that their ethnic origin was the reason they had had to wait so long for housing or that it was in a bad condition. They were also of the opinion that Roma faced problems in finding housing in the private sector even if they could afford to pay higher rents. Roma who were interviewed for the study had been on the waiting list for six years and when they finally received housing, the conditions and size of the apartment, or its proximity to public services were unsatisfactory." ...

... "The authorities informed ECRI that, on the basis of a study on Finland conducted by the Fundamental Rights Agency, the Legal Affairs Unit of the Ministry of the Interior has prepared a report on the discrimination suffered by Somalis in Finland. On the basis of the collected information, a three-year project to prevent discrimination of persons belonging to visible ethnic minorities and to reduce their underrepresentation in governmental occupations (AFRO project) has been launched." ...

References to  FRA ROMA Pilot Survey:

..." ECRI notes that the 2012 report of the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) on the situation of Roma in 11 EU Member States found that in Portugal fewer than one out of 10 Roma is reported to have completed upper-secondary education. Furthermore, a 2009 study on the situation of Portuguese Roma revealed that 52.3% had no education at all, 36.9% were functionally illiterate and 9% were illiterate." ...

ECRI notes that the recent FRA/UNDP Survey on the situation of Roma in 11 EU Member States6 mentioned above found that in Portugal only about one out of 10 Roma aged 20 to 64 was in paid employment. Just over 50% of Roma respondents aged 16 and above looking for work in the past five years in Portugal said that they had experienced discrimination because of their Roma background.

In addition, ECRI notes that, according to Article 122 of Law No. 23/2007, attending preschool, primary school or secondary or professional education is a ground for the regularisation of the situation of minors born in Portugal. The European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights’ 2011 Comparative Report on Fundamental Rights of Migrants in an Irregular Situation in the European Union highlights the go-to-school programme (Programa vai à escola) launched by the Foreigners and Borders Service (SEF), involving national immigration authorities and schools, designed to regularise migrant children who were born in Portugal and attend State schools but who do not reside legally in the country. Residence permits for both the children and their parents are granted or renewed directly at school, on the same day, avoiding bureaucracy. ECRI commends this programme which both promotes education for all immigrant children and regularises their and their parents’ legal status." ...

 

Parliamentray Assembly / Committee on Equality and Non-Discrimination - Tackling discrimination on the grounds of sexual orienta 17/05/2013 LGBT rights

Recommendation 5.6 to the Committee of Ministers: ... ‘’ consider the feasibility of joint action with the FRA in order ensure the collection of comparable Council of Europe wide data and information on the situation of LGBTs’’.  

References to FRA, including a table with the key findings (par 69).

... ‘’ I think it would be useful for the CoE to work hand in hand with the FRA and assess the feasibility of collecting data on the 19 CoE member states ….with the same methodology (…)’’. (par 70)

CoE Commissioner of Human Rights - Human rights comment - Europe must combat racist extremism and uphold human rights 13/05/2013 Racism, xenophobia & related intolerance

Reference to FRA Factsheet " Access to justice in cases of discrimination in the EU - Steps to further equality"

Access to justice in cases of discrimination

in the EU – Steps to further equality

Commissioner for Human Rights - Press release: Human rights protection is under strain in Europe 25/04/2013 FRA mandate

... "In May, the Commissioner visited the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) in Vienna and held discussions with the Chairperson of the FRA Management Board, Ms Ilze Brands Kehris, and the Director of FRA, Mr Morten Kjaerum. The Commissioner informed the FRA representatives about his priorities while the FRA gave an overview of their on-going research activities. It was agreed that co-operation would be developed further in order to improve the effectiveness of the shared human rights agenda.
In November, the Commissioner met with the new Chairperson of the FRA Management Board, Ms Maija Sakslin, and FRA Director Mr Morten Kjaerum in Strasbourg. In December, the Commissioner made a keynote address at the Fundamental Rights Conference of the FRA in Brussels.
Information on human rights issues was regularly exchanged between the FRA and the Commissioner’s Office. In 2012, the Office also contributed to several FRA seminars and meetings on national human rights structures and people with disabilities." ...
 

CoE/ Advisory Committee on the Framework Convention for the protection of national minorities / Third opinion on Ireland 19/04/2013 Racism, xenophobia & related intolerance

adopted on 10 October 2012, publ. 19 April 2013, page 17: ..." 77. The Advisory Committee further notes that according to the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA), Ireland has a good system for registering racist criminal offences." ...

UN, OSCE and other international organisations View all
Document Title Datum Area Abstract
CMW – Draft general comment No. 2 on the rights of migrant workers in an irregular situation and members of their families 01/12/2012 Asylum, immigration & integration of migrants

C. Protection of economic, social and cultural rights of migrant workers in an irregular situation and members of their families (Part III)
3. Right to urgent medical care (art. 28)
..."65. The Committee concurs with the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights that access to urgent medical care must be ensured to all migrant workers on the basis of equality of treatment with nationals and thus on a non-discriminatory basis.  Although medical care must not necessarily be free of charge, equality of treatment requires that the same rules for payment of fees or exemption from payment apply to migrant workers and members of their families as to nationals (See European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA), Fundamental rights of migrants in an irregular situation in the European Union (November 2011), p. 12. )."...
4.         Right to education (art. 30)
..."69. Article 30 states that access to public preschool educational institutions or schools shall not be refused or limited by reason of the irregular situation of the child or of either parent. In particular, States parties shall not require schools to report data on the regular or irregular status of pupils or their parents to immigration authorities or conduct immigration enforcement operations on or near school premises (See European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA), Fundamental rights of migrants in an irregular situation in the European Union (November 2011), p. 92.), as this would limit migrant children’s access to education."...

OHCHR: Human Rights Indicators: A Guide to Measurement and Implementation 07/11/2012 Discrimination

..."Box 23. Measuring discrimination
Some useful statistical tools [...] are:"
..."

  • Population surveys measuring experiences, perceptions and attitudes regarding discrimination (e.g., percentage of members of ethnic minorities reporting racially motivated victimization and discrimination by public/private personnel); (See, for instance, European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, EU-MIDIS: European Union Minorities and Discrimination Survey (2009). Available from fra.europa.eu/fraWebsite/minorities/minorities_en.htm.)"...
     

 

ECtHR - Judgment / Case Yordanova and Others v. Bulgaria - Application no. 25446/06 24/09/2012 Roma

.... "80. In October 2009 the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights issued a comparative report on the housing conditions of Roma and travellers in the EU.

81. According to the report, significant numbers of Roma in Europe live in unauthorised settlements. For example, in 2002 an estimated 70% of houses in urban Romani developments in Bulgaria were illegally built, in 1999 in Greece approximately 63,000 Roma lived in unregulated encampments and in 2008 in France most Roma groups lived in squalid shantytowns.

82. The report also mentioned cases of forced evictions of such encampments, in particular in Italy and Greece." ...
 

International Juvenile Justice Observatory - Press Room 31/05/2012 Asylum, immigration & integration of migrants

..."Recognizing the importance of networking and dialogue opportunities that the Platform offers, OIJJ works closely with the FRA to include juvenile justice issues in the European agenda and participates actively in the activities of the FRP. This year's meeting focused on the victims' rights, the phenomena of under-reporting and multiple discrimination experienced by the victims. "...

..."The OIJJ recognizes the crucial importance of the work on EU and Council of Europe level and coordination between the stakeholders, both civil society and the regional power structures. Also, as this list of recent success demonstrates, those are the fora where the cause of Global Juvenile Justice can be brought forward and seen to trickle down to national level."...

Roma Early Childhood Inclusion - report 06/03/2012 Roma

p.12
..."The social exclusion of the Roma is greatly reinforced by the discrimination and prejudice of the majority population. The National Reports and various European surveys (notably the Gallup Poll organised by EU Fundamental Rights Agency in 2009 and the EU Minorities and Discrimination Survey (EU-MIDIS, 2009) testify to the widespread prejudice against Roma groups in the four countries. Prejudice ranges from negative stereotyping to political extremism, with threatening marches on neighbourhoods, used to injure, intimidate or evict Roma residents.)."...

p.23
..."Roma families still endure grinding poverty and anintolerable health and housing situation. In some domains, such as employment and the segregation of Roma children in special education, their situation has actually worsened in the past ten years. For example, in a survey organised by the European Fundamental Rights Agency, 17 per cent of Roma interviewed indicated that they had experienced discrimination by public health-care personnel in the previous twelve months."...