DISCLAIMER: These studies were commissioned as background material for FRA’s project on "National intelligence authorities and surveillance in the EU: Fundamental rights safeguards and remedies". The information and views contained in the documents do not necessarily reflect the views or official position of the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights. The document is made publicly available for transparency and information purposes only. It does not constitute legal advice or a legal opinion.
FRA would like to express its appreciation for the comments received from FRA’s National Liaison Officers on some national reports.