Fundamental Rights Conference 2014 focuses on migration

The EU Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) is dedicating its annual flagship event, the Fundamental Rights Conference (FRC), to discussing the importance of a fundamental rights-based approach to EU migration policy.

The Strategic Guidelines for legislative and policy planning in the area of freedom, security and justice, adopted by the European Council in June 2014, identified the need for “an efficient and well-managed migration, asylum and border policy” in the EU that is underpinned by “full respect for fundamental rights”. It recognised that the EU is “faced with challenges such as instability in many parts of the world as well as global and European demographic trends”, and identified the need in the EU for “an efficient and well-managed migration, asylum and border policy”. It also noted that “a comprehensive approach is required, optimising the benefits of legal migration and offering protection to those in need while tackling irregular migration resolutely and managing the EU’s external borders efficiently”. As the guidelines emphasise, it is important to “support Member States’ efforts to pursue active integration policies, which foster social cohesion and economic dynamism”.

The Fundamental Rights Conference will highlight key fundamental rights challenges that need to be considered when implementing the Strategic Guidelines. It will discuss means of alleviating the effects of the current migration pressures at the EU’s external sea and land borders, while fully respecting fundamental rights. The conference will also debate the best ways of promoting social inclusion and migrant integration, in order to create an environment in which migrants can take full advantage of their own potential, to the benefit not only of themselves but also of EU society as a whole.

The high-level event is co-hosted together with the Italian Presidency of the Council of the European Union. It brings together over 250 policy makers and practitioners from across the EU, including representatives from EU institutions, international organisations, national governments and parliaments, law enforcement, civil society and many more.

Objectives

  • To ensure fundamental rights remain at the centre of migration policy in the EU.
  • To discuss the fundamental rights at stake in the practical implementation of the Strategic Guidelines for legislative and policy planning in the area of freedom, security and justice, which were adopted by the European Council in June 2014.
  • To build on the work of the Task Force Mediterranean by supporting the development of fundamental rights-based activities that address current humanitarian emergencies at the EU’s external borders.
  • To address migrant integration from a fundamental rights perspective in order to create inclusive societies that are free of racial and other forms of discrimination, helping both migrants and recipient countries to develop.

 

Background

Background FRC 2014

The EU is part of a globalised and interconnected world where migrant and refugee flows are on the rise. These are not only due to instability, war and poverty, but also respond to demographic trends and labour market gaps in the EU. Asylum, migration and integration have become closely related to the phenomena of xenophobia and intolerance, and all these continue to dominate much of the fundamental rights debate and concerns across the Union. To meet the challenges faced by EU societies, policy responses to the movement of people need to keep fundamental rights at the centre of the decision-making process.

Borders: guarding the EU’s external borders while protecting the rights of migrants and refugees

The EU’s external borders are the gateway to the European Union. People come to Europe to seek safety from persecution and war, or simply a better life. With limited access to legal channels of migration, many people - whether asylum seekers, children, trafficking victims, or other migrants - fall prey to smugglers and traffickers, making them vulnerable to abuse and exploitation. Once in the EU, some are granted protection, some are returned, and some remain in an EU Member State without legal status.

There have recently been significant efforts by the EU and Member States, in particular Italy, to save the lives of migrants arriving in the EU. The creation in October 2013 of the Task Force Mediterranean was a swift and important response that set out a course of action to address unsafe migration at sea. However, the pressure on the EU’s borders, both sea and land, points to the urgent need for a more comprehensive, sustainable, coordinated and effective European response that uses a fundamental rights-oriented approach to deal with all aspects of migration from cause to effect. Only in this way can we ensure respect for the inviolable right to human dignity.

Building an inclusive society to the advantage of all

As intolerance and extremism have grown in many countries across the EU, the situation of migrants living and working there has become increasingly vulnerable. Efforts to actively promote migrant inclusion into EU societies, as well as to combat racism and xenophobia, need to be guided by fundamental rights and the EU values of equality, pluralism, non-discrimination, diversity, and social cohesion.

A proactive approach that builds on these values and promotes inclusion can help to reduce racial discrimination and intolerance, dispel tension, and strengthen security. Protecting fundamental rights is important to empower migrants and thereby provide them with the tools to lead economically productive lives that are to the advantage of everyone in the EU. Strengthening the EU as an area of strong fundamental rights protection will ensure that the EU continues to remain an attractive region for high skilled workers as well as necessary workers, and a space of freedom, security and justice for all.

 

Programme

Programme FRC 2014

Monday, 10 November, Chamber of Deputies

Time Description
12:30 – 14:00

Registration and welcome coffee

Entrance: Via Campo Marzio 78, Aula dei Gruppi, Palazzo Montecitorio, Chamber of Deputies

14:00 – 14:30

Welcome

Laura Boldrini, President of the Chamber of Deputies, Italy

Morten Kjaerum, Director, FRA

14:30 - 15:00

Keynote address

Federica Mogherini, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Italy

EU Commissioner for Home Affairs (tbc)

Prince Zeid Ra’ad Zeid al-Hussein, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (tbc)

15:00 – 15:30

Coffee break

15:30 – 16:15

Ensuring the rights of migrants in the EU: from vulnerability to empowerment

Presentations by:

Nils Muižnieks, Commissioner for Human Rights of the Council of Europe

Aydan Özoguz, Minister of State, Commissioner for Immigration, Refugees and Integration, Germany

16:15 - 17:45

Panel debate

Towards a fundamental rights-based approach to migration and integration: from arrival to inclusion

Focus:

A discussion on the fundamental rights challenges in the area of migration, from arrival to inclusion in the societies of the EU. How can a fundamental rights based approach to migration contribute to the EU’s future? The panel will also address EU and Member States’ responses to migration and migrant integration policies: how to ensure that such policies are fundamental rights-compliant and compatible with the vision for a cohesive EU society oriented to inclusive growth?

Panellists:

  • Matthias Ruete, Director General Home Affairs, European Commission
  • Claude Moraes, Chair Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs, European Parliament (tbc)
  • Bernard Cazeneuve, Minister of Interior, France (tbc)
  • Senator Luigi Manconi, Chair of the Extraordinary Commission for the promotion and protection of human rights, Italian Senate
  • Päivi Räsänen, Minister of the Interior, Finland (tbc)
  • European Economic Social Committee (tbc)
19:00

Shuttle to venue of day II

20:00

Reception

Tuesday, 11 November, The Interior Ministry School of Administration

Time Description
08:30 – 09:00

Reception (late comers only)

Scuola Superiore dell’Amministrazione dell’Interno (S.S.A.I)
Via Veientana, 386 – 00189 Roma

09:00 – 10:00

Panel debate

Fundamental rights challenges and considerations in the field of migration, border management, asylum and migrant integration

Focus:

A discussion on key fundamental rights challenges and considerations that need to be taken into account in the field of migration, asylum, border management and migrant integration, when implementing the Strategic Guidelines for legislative and policy planning in the area of freedom, security and justice.

Panellists:

  • Eva Åkerman Börje, Ambassador, Secretariat for the Swedish Chairmanship of the Global Forum on Migra-tion and Development (tbc)
  • Mario Morcone, Prefect, Chief of Civil Liberties and Immigration, Ministry of Interior, Italy (tbc)
  • Nicolas J. Beger, Director, Amnesty International European Institutions Office (tbc)
  • Vincent Cochetel, Director, UNHCR- Bureau for Europe
  • François Crépeau, Special Rapporteur on the human rights of migrants, OHCHR (tbc)
  • Ambassador William Lacy Swing, Director General, International Organisation for Migration (tbc)
  • Committee of the Regions (tbc)
10:00 – 10:30

Coffee break

10:30 - 11:00

Testimonies from:

Özlem Sara Cekic, Member of Parliament, Danish Socialist People's Party

Peter Bossman, Mayor of the town of Piran, Slovenia

11:00 - 13:00

Working groups (in parallel)

  • Working group I: A rights-based approach to border surveillance, including cooperation with third countries

Chaired by: Giovanni Pinto, Director of the Central Unit for Immigration and Border Police Management, Public Security Department, Frontex Management Board, Italy (tbc)

Focus:

The discussion will focus on border control and the surveillance of sea as well as land borders, and particularly on cooperation with third countries. The Task Force Mediterranean includes cooperation with third countries as one of the most effective ways to tackle irregular migration. Building upon FRA’s work, the discus-sions will seek to offer guidance on ensuring that fundamental rights are upheld in joint activities with third countries in the context of land as well as sea border surveillance. The discussions will also address the fundamental rights challenges emerging immediately upon arrival, such as reception conditions, use of detention, ensuring needs of children, identification of survivors of torture and suspected victims of trafficking, and fair screening processes.

Panellists:

  • DG Home, Border Unit, European Commission
  • Frontex
  • UNHCR Spain
  • Ministry for Moroccans Residing Abroad and Migration Affairs, Morocco

 

  • Working group II: Smuggling as a means of last resort to enter the EU

Chaired by: Robert Visser, Director of EASO (tbc)

Focus:

Due to the difficulties faced by third country nationals to enter the EU legally, migrants and people seeking protection fall prey to criminal organisations that abuse and exploit them in return for promises to transport them into the EU. How to combat smuggling will be discussed from a law enforcement, fundamental rights, as well as law of the sea perspective. Topics will also include ways of ensuring that rescue and provision of humanitarian assistance are excluded from punishment for smuggling in human beings, using the findings and analysis of FRA’s paper Criminalisation of migrants in an irregular situation and of persons engaging with them. Large numbers of smuggled people and irregular arrivals have given rise to calls for EU solidarity and relocation. The workshop will also reflect recent discussions on legal ways to enter Europe. Limited resettlement opportunities challenge the capacity of regional protection programmes, and resettlement or protected entry are integral parts of any refugee policy.

Panellists:

  • European Council on Refugees and Exiles (ECRE)
  • Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe
  • UNODC, Human Trafficking and Migrant Smuggling Section
  • Human Rights at Sea International Initiative
  • Community of Sant'Egidio
  • Working group III: Protection of children in the context of migration

Chaired by: DG JUST, European Commission

Focus:

Children migrate from their country of origin to and within the territory of the EU in search of survival, security, improved standards of living, education, economic opportunities, protection from exploitation and abuse, family reunification or a combination of these factors. They may travel with their family or independently or with non-family members. They may be seeking asylum, be victims of trafficking, or be undocumented migrants. The status of children on the move may differ at various stages on their journey and they may encounter many differing situations of vulnerability. The workshop will address how to fully reflect child protection standards in border procedures, such as identification of needs, screening procedures, reception conditions, detention practices, referrals to child protection authorities and appointment of a guardian and it will also look at responsibility for unaccompanied children in transnational co-operation. The discussions will take place against the backdrop of preparatory work for the forthcoming Commission’s Communication on integrated child protection systems and the FRA handbook on Guardianship for Child Victims of Trafficking. The workshop will take account of lessons learnt from recent EU-funded projects.

Panellists:

  • UNICEF
  • European Committee of Social Rights, Council of Europe
  • Children’s Rights Ombudsman in the French Community of Belgium and Chair of the European Net-work of Ombudspersons for Children
  • Missing Children
  • Immigration and Integration Unit, DG HOME
  • EASO

 

  • Working group IV: Migrant integration in the EU: a fundamental rights’ perspective

Chaired by: Prof. Han Entzinger, FRA Scientific Committee

Focus:

Human rights constitute the foundation of the EU and need to be clearly linked to migrant integration policies. 10 years after the EU’s Common Basic Principles for Migrant Integration came into effect, this workshop will discuss how integration of migrants can be taken forward from a fundamental rights perspective. The discussion will look therefore into strategies of social inclusion and migrant integration in the EU and its Member States towards the targets of the EU 2020 strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth in light of fundamental rights’ standards. The overall aim will be to find feasible ways to assess, support and promote national migrant integration policies in this direction, boosting both the economies as well as social cohesion in the EU.Victimisation of migrants by hate crime and discrimination – and the fuelling of intergroup tensions and extremism - is closely related to xenophobia and intolerance expressed in the public arena. Therefore, combat-ing hate crime and intolerance in the public sphere is crucial for promoting inclusive and cohesive societies to the benefit of all residents. The workshop will discuss counteractive measures and strategies especially from a local, regional and national perspective.

Panellists:

  • DG Home, Immigration and Integration unit, European Commission
  • Migration Policy Institute (MPI)
  • Hessen's Ministry for Justice, Integration and Europe
  • European Network of Migrant Women
  • European Trade Union Confederation
  • ILO
  • Working group V: Combating xenophobia and intolerance in public discourse

Chaired by: Ufficio Nazionale Antidiscriminazioni Razziali (UNAR), Italy

Focus:

Victimisation of migrants by hate crime and discrimination – and the fuelling of intergroup tensions and extremism - is closely related to xenophobia and intolerance expressed in the public arena. Therefore, combating hate crime and intolerance in the public sphere is crucial for promoting inclusive and cohesive societies to the benefit of all residents. The workshop will discuss counteractive measures and strategies especially from a local, regional and national perspective.

Panellists:

  • Islamic Community Union (Italy)
  • European Coalition of Cities against Racism
  • Associazione Nazionale Stampa Interculturale
  • No Hate Speech (Council of Europe)
13:00-14:30 Lunch
14:30-16:00

Reporting back from working groups

16:00-16:30 Coffee break
16:30-17:00

Conclusions

Angelino Alfano, Minister of Interior, Italy (tbc)

EU Commissioner for Justice, Justice, Fundamental Rights and Citizenship (tbc)

Maija Sakslin, FRA Management Board Chair

 

Key speakers

Key speakers

Key speakers include:

  • Laura Boldrini, President of the Chamber of Deputies, Italy
  • Federica Mogherini, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Italy
  • Aydan Özoguz, Commissioner for Immigration, Refugees and Integration, Germany
  • Nils Muižnieks, Commissioner for Human Rights of the Council of Europe
  • Matthias Ruete, Director General Home Affairs, European Commission

and many other high level policy makers, experts and practitioners.

Practical info

Practical info

Due to the limited capacity of the venue, participation is upon invitation only.
Participants were selected to represent the broadest possible range of fundamental rights concerns as well as geographical variety.

Contact FRA

For more information about the conference please contact us at: frc@fra.europa.eu

Past editions

Past editions

Every year the Fundamental Rights Conference brings together the key fundamental rights actors in the EU to examine a specific fundamental rights issue, stimulating the debate on challenges that exist and exploring solutions on how these could be overcome.

Fundamental Rights Conference 2013

Fundamental Rights Conference 2013

Combating hate crime in the EU

Evidence collected by FRA and other organisations shows that hate crime is a daily reality throughout the EU. This was the theme of the 2013 Fundamental Rights Conference, organised by FRA and hosted in cooperation with the Lithuanian Presidency of the Council of the EU.

2012 Programme [en] [fr] (pdf)
Conclusions [en] (pdf)-->

 

 

Fundamental Rights Conference 2012

Fundamental Rights Conference 2012

Justice in austerity

Budget cuts in the wake of the current economic crisis should not affect a person’s legal entitlement and right to access justice. This was the theme of the 2012 Fundamental Rights Conference, organised by the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) and held at the European Parliament in Brussels.

2012 Programme [en] [fr] (pdf)

 

 

 

Fundamental Rights Conference 2011

Fundamental Rights Conference 2011

Dignity and rights of irregular migrants

The conference was organised in cooperation with the Polish Presidency of the Council of the European Union and discussed how to improve access to fundamental rights for migrants in an irregular situation, namely of those persons without authorisation to stay in the EU. The discussions were drawing on FRA’s EU-wide research on the situation of migrants in an irregular situation, which was published in the run-up to the conference. The conference discussions underlined the importance of applying a fundamental rights approach in migration management and offered a number of practical suggestions to facilitate access to justice, respect the right to education and health, preserve the best interests of the child, combat labour exploitation, reduce the use of immigration detention, and end situations of legal limbo for persons who are not removed.

2011 Programme [en] [fr] [pl] (pdf)

Summary conclusions[en] [fr] (pdf)

 

 

Fundamental Rights Conference 2010

Fundamental Rights Conference 2010

Ensuring justice and protection for all children

The previous FRC, held in Brussels on 7 -8 December 2010, stimulated the debate on challenges and strategies to protect particularly vulnerable children and deliver child-friendly justice in the European Union.

The emphasis during this conference was on exploring avenues for Member State authorities to better protect vulnerable children by following an integrated approach to child protection and involving civil society and children themselves.

2010 Programme [en] [fr] (pdf)
2010 Final report [en] (pdf)

Fundamental Rights Conference 2009

Fundamental Rights Conference 2009

Making rights a reality for all

Making rights a reality for all was the theme of the FRC 2009 which was held in cooperation with the Swedish Presidency of the EU in Stockholm on 10-11 December 2009.

The focus was on identifying solutions to protect and promote the rights of marginalised groups which are most vulnerable to discrimination and exclusion in the EU.

2009 Programme [en] (pdf)
2009 Final report [en] (pdf)

 

Fundamental Rights Conference 2008

Fundamental Rights Conference 2008

Freedom of expression, a cornerstone of democracy - listening and communicating in a diverse Europe

The Fundamental Rights Agency launched its Fundamental Rights Conference in Paris on 8-9 December 2008.

The event examined key issues and challenges related to freedom of expression. Entitled "Freedom of expression, a cornerstone of democracy - listening and communicating in a diverse Europe", the conference aimed to contribute to policy and action within the European Union and to help shape the evolving space for communication among Europeans.

2008 Programme [en] (pdf)