Assessing how any planned policy action, including legislation and policy-shaping instruments, in all sectors and levels may have an impact on human rights or have a human rights dimension . (UN Practitioner’s Portal on Human Rights Based Approaches to Programming)
A group numerically inferior to the rest of the population of a State, in a non-dominant position, whose members - being nationals of the State - possess ethnic, religious or linguistic characteristics differing from those of the rest of the population and show, if only implicitly, a sense of solidarity, directed towards preserving their culture, traditions, religion or language. (Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights)
Respect for the rights of people belonging to minorities is one of the values of the EU. This value is explicitly mentioned in Article 2 of the Treaty on European Union. EU legislation and programmes contribute to addressing certain difficulties, including discrimination, which are likely to affect people belonging to minorities. (European Commission)
Monitoring can be defined as the ongoing process by which stakeholders obtain regular feedback on the progress being made towards achieving their goals and objectives. Monitoring should be understood as reviewing progress made in implementing actions or activities, but also focusing on reviewing progress against achieving goals. In other words: “Are we taking the actions we said we would take?” but also “Are we making progress on achieving the results that we said we wanted to achieve?”
Multi-level coordination is commonly referred to as multi-level governance. It refers to coordinated action by the European Union, the Member States, and/or local and regional authorities within Member States’ national administrations. The responsibility to implement fundamental rights is shared between different levels of governance (vertical coordination), from the local to the EU level. Without this kind of coordination, there is a clear risk that fundamental rights issues, which commonly require such coordination, are neglected.