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On arrival in the EU, refugees often find themselves without adequate shelter, food, or healthcare. The overviews therefore examine the extent to which a number of the fundamental rights enshrined in the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU are respected, including particular areas of concern such as:
- initial registration and asylum applications, with particular attention to the situation of vulnerable people
- criminal proceedings initiated for offences related to irregular border crossing
- child protection
- reception conditions for new arrivals, focusing on the situation of children and other vulnerable people
- access to healthcare
- public response such as rallies of support, humanitarian assistance or voluntary work
- legislative and policy changes
- racist incidents such as demonstrations, online hate speech or hate crime.
The overviews are complemented by FRA’s other work in the area of asylum, migration and borders. For example, FRA has published a toolbox on ways of increasing legal avenues by which those in need of international protection can reach the EU, helping both to save lives and combat smuggling. At the same time, FRA’s paper on the criminalisation of migrants in an irregular situation examines measures in EU Member States to counter irregular migration and their compatibility with fundamental rights, as the majority of Member States punish irregular entry and stay with imprisonment or fines. More migration news and publications can be found in the asylum, migration and borders section of the website.
The overviews, which are being compiled at the request of the European Commission, cover nine countries: Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Slovenia and Sweden. More information can be found on the overview web page.