Migration situation continues to raise fundamental rights concerns

Fundamental rights remain under threat in a number of EU Member States, according to the FRA’s latest monthly report on migration-related issues. Some reception facilities, particularly in hotspots, are overcrowded, claiming asylum can be problematic and vulnerable groups, particularly migrant children, are still at risk.

Read the October 2017 monthly data collection highlights >>

Looking at the situation across 14 EU Member States, some of the main fundamental rights-related concerns identified in the latest summary report include:

  1. Living conditions and support in reception centres remain poor. This is in part fuelled by overcrowding where, for example, some centres are catering for numbers exceeding up to three times their capacity. However, even in the many Member States where there are spare places due to falling numbers of new arrivals there has been criticism about the quality of care.
  2. Unfair treatment at border zones continues in some places. Reported problems range from racial profiling, lack of information about asylum procedures and refused entry to asylum seekers, to restrictions of liberty at border transit zones while waiting for lengthy asylum procedures to be processed.
  3. Practical and legal barriers in receiving healthcare, claiming asylum, and family reunification persist. These include lack of qualified interpreters leading to lengthy waiting periods, long asylum processes, and complex and sometimes costly legal processes without due legal aid.
  4. Child protection is still poorly resourced in some places. For example, the International Organization for Migration has reported that no child protection officers have yet been assigned to children in Greek or Italian hotspots. Many unaccompanied children also continue to wait for accommodation in specialised facilities. In addition, there are indications that high numbers of children go missing from shelters and care centres.
  5. Relationships with local communities are sometimes fragile with incidents of racism, hate crime and hate speech being reported. As immigration remains highly political and in the public eye, populist rhetoric, particularly during elections, may have stirred up local feelings.

The European Commission asked the Agency to collect data about the fundamental rights situation of people arriving in Member States particularly affected by large migration movements. The reports cover 14 Member States: Austria, Bulgaria, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Spain and Sweden.

FRA has published its migration overviews since September 2015.