Prevention and detection of racism, xenophobia and related intolerance at school Prevención y detección del racismo, la xenophobia y otras formas de intolerancia en las aulas

The practice sought to increase awareness among education professionals on incidents motivated by intolerance and to equip them with the tools to combat it.

Two seminars were held as part of the project, covering topics related to the prevention and detection of incidents motivated by intolerance. These were attended by regional government officials responsible for education, teachers and NGOs.

The seminars, along with a project conference, also provided an opportunity for sharing good practices.

Leaflets and a handbook on the prevention and detection of racism, xenophobia and other intolerance at school were also published. 


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Implementing the practice: step by step

The project was developed in the following manner:

  • The Spanish Observatory for Racism and Xenophobia designed the project and applied for funding from the EU PROGRESS programme.
  • Funding was received.
  • The General Secretariat for Immigration and Emigration (of which the Observatory is a part) invited all Regional Governments to participate in the project, along with NGOs.
  • Four experts were selected and started to work on the project.  
  • The first meeting with representatives from the Education Departments of the Regional Governments took place.
  • There were then two seminars: in Madrid (June 2015) and Seville (September 2015).
  • The final project conference was held in Madrid (October 2015).
  • This was followed by the publication of a handbook and leaflets on the theme ‘Prevention and detection of racism, xenophobia and other intolerance at school’ in Spain’s four official languages and English.

Evaluation of the practice

The project evaluation was carried out by DINAMIA. Partners were consulted in assessing the practice:

  • Spanish Observatory for Racism and Xenophobia (OBERAXE), General Secretariat for Immigration and Emigration - Observatorio Español del Racismo y la Xenofobia (OBERAXE), Secretaría General de Inmigración y Emigración.
  • Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport. National Centre for Educational  Innovation and Research - Ministerio de Educación, Cultura y Deportes. Centro Nacional de Innovación e Investigación educativa.
  • Education Departments of the Regional Governments in Spain - Consejerías de Educación de las Comunidades Autónomas de España

The project’s impact was measured by evaluating the results of a survey of project seminar participants and interviews with relevant project participants.

The evaluation had several stages:

  • An initial meeting with the project management team and four experts.
  • The development of a survey for all participants in seminars and project meetings.
  • Interviews with relevant people in project implementation.
  • Analysis of the results of the actions undertaken.
  • Evaluation of objectives and the degree of compliance with them.
  • Evaluation of results.

The project showed that most participants recognised the existence of racism, xenophobia, intolerance, and hate-related incidents at school. They also acknowledged a lack of tools to combat such incidents.

The project emphasised the need to develop both tools and protocols for tackling such incidents and guidelines for establishing cooperation between actors in the educational community.

It is also necessary to raise awareness of and increase visibility surrounding incidents motivated by intolerance in schools. This will increase prevention, detection, recording, and the likelihood of approprite action being taken in response to an incident.

Critical success factors

Including partners (in this case regional governments) at an early stage of the project increases their ownership of and participation in the project.

The exchanging of good practices between regional governments representatives and schools was very successful and encouraging for the regions.

Giving visibility to and raising awareness about incidents of intolerance and their consequences is essential to preventing and combating them. 

Elements transferable to other EU Member States

Organising seminars to increase awareness among education practioners and policy makers can be replicated elsewhere, as can the creation and publication of a guide on the prevention and detection of racism, xenophobia and other intolerance at school.

Coordinated work between national and regional levels can also be done elsewhere. 

Key Facts

Start date: October 2014.
End date: October 2015.
Scope of the practice: National.
Target group: Teachers, students, student families, school authorities, local and regional authorities.
Beneficiaries: Ethnic and other minorities and vulnerable groups.
Key objectives: To transform schools into inclusive spaces based on democratic values and community involvement; to prevent and tackle hate crime, discrimination and intolerance; to train teachers to respect diversity and to defend human rights; to equip education practitioners with the the necessary tools to tackle incidents motivated by intolerance (including hate crime) when they occur in schools.

Legal basis of the practice

The practice is not based on a specific hate crime legal framework. The legal basis of the practice is:

  • Comprehensive Strategy against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance - Estrategia integral contra el racismo la discriminación racial, la xenofobia y otras formas conexas de intolerancia

Designing bodies and partners consulted

Designing body:

  • Spanish Observatory for Racism and Xenophobia  (OBERAXE), General Secretariat for Immigration and Emigration - Observatorio español del racismo y la xenophobia (OBERAXE), Secretaría General de Inmigración y Emigración

Partners consulted:

  • Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport. National Centre for Educational Innovation and Research - Ministerio de Educación, Cultura y Deportes. Centro Nacional de Innovación e Investigación Educativa
  • Education Departments of the Regional Governments in Spain - Consejerías de Educación de las Comunidades Autónomas de España

Implementing Bodies

  • Spanish Observatory for Racism and Xenophobia  (OBERAXE), General Secretariat for Immigration and Emigration, Ministry of Employment and Social Security - Observatorio Español del Racismo y la xenofobia (OBERAXE),  Secretaría General de Inmigración y Emigración, Ministerio de Empleo y Seguridad Social 

Further information

None provided.

Contacts

  • Spanish Observatory for Racism and Xenophobia  (OBERAXE), General Secretariat for Immigration and Emigration, Ministry of Employment and Social Security: Oberaxe (at) meyss (dot) es