The Racial Equality Directive (2000/43/EC), adopted in 2000, has made important changes to the way that racial discrimination is combated in the European Union. Only a handful of EU Member States already had detailed laws and mechanisms to prohibit racial discrimination before the directive was adopted; the vast majority have had to make significant
improvements to comply with the directive.
In 2011—2012, the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) will conduct an EU-wide survey on violence against women. This is the first survey of its kind to randomly sample and interview 40,000 women across the 27 EU Member States and Croatia. It will therefore furnish the robust, comparable data that policy makers need to shape informed, targeted policies to combat such violence.
The European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) provides "assistance and expertise on fundamental rights to the relevant institutions and authorities of the Community and its Member States," in line with its founding regulation 168/2007.
According to international and European human rights law, EU Member States must guarantee everyone the right to go to court, or to an alternative dispute resolution body, and to obtain a remedy when their rights are violated. This factsheet provides information on access to justice, focusing on non-discrimination law, excluding criminal law.
In 2007, the European Parliament requested the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) to conduct research on discrimination against lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) persons. In 2008, the FRA published its first comparative legal analysis on homophobia, transphobia and discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity in the European Union. This factsheet outlines the key legal trends resulting from the updated legal analysis that the FRA undertook in 2010.
Developments over the past years testify to the increasing awareness of the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) persons in the European Union. This factsheet presents the policy context and key findings of the FRA report on Homophobia, transphobia and discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation and gender identity.