Handbook

Applying the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union in law and policymaking at national level - Guidance
October
2018

Applying the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union in law and policymaking at national level - Guidance

Handbook
As a very modern human rights catalogue containing many rights not found in established bills of rights, the Charter indeed looks good on paper. Those familiar with the main principles of EU law can usually quickly recite that the Charter is always binding on the EU, and binding on Member States only when they are "implementing EU law". But what does this often-quoted language from Article 51 of the Charter actually mean?
Handbook on European data protection law - 2018 edition
May
2018

Handbook on European data protection law - 2018 edition

Handbook
The rapid development of information technology has exacerbated the need for robust personal data protection, the right to which is safeguarded by both European Union (EU) and Council of Europe (CoE) instruments. Safeguarding this important right entails new and significant challenges as technological advances expand the frontiers of areas such as surveillance, communication interception and data storage. This handbook is designed to familiarise legal practitioners not specialised in data protection with this emerging area of the law.
Handbook on European non-discrimination law – 2018 edition
March
2018

Handbook on European non-discrimination law – 2018 edition

Handbook
European non-discrimination law, as constituted in particular by the EU non-discrimination directives, and Article 14 of and Protocol 12 to the European Convention on Human Rights, prohibits discrimination across a range of contexts and grounds. This handbook examines European non-discrimination law stemming from these two sources as complementary systems, drawing on them interchangeably to the extent that they overlap, while highlighting differences where these exist.
Handbook on European law relating to access to justice
June
2016

Handbook on European law relating to access to justice

Handbook
Access to justice is an important element of the rule of law. It enables individuals to protect themselves against infringements of their rights, to remedy civil wrongs, to hold executive power accountable and to defend themselves in criminal proceedings. This handbook summarises the key European legal principles in the area of access to justice, focusing on civil and criminal law.
Handbook on European law relating to asylum, borders and immigration
June
2014

Handbook on European law relating to asylum, borders and immigration

Handbook
The Handbook on European law relating to asylum, borders and immigration is jointly produced by the European Court of Human Rights and the FRA. It examines the relevant law in the field of asylum, borders and immigration stemming from both European systems: the European Union and the Council of Europe. It provides an accessible guide to the various European standards relevant to asylum, borders and immigration.
Handbook on the establishment and accreditation of National Human Rights Institutions in the European Union
October
2012

Handbook on the establishment and accreditation of National Human Rights Institutions in the European Union

Handbook
National Human Rights Institutions (NHRIs) protect and promote human rights at the national level, tackling systemic problems and raising fundamental rights awareness. To equip NHRIs to perform their role well, they should have, among other qualities, independence, powers and a broad mandate, in accordance with the so-called ‘Paris Principles’ which were adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 1993 and set forth the primary minimum standards for an effective NHRI.
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