Publications & resources

Publications

Latest publications View all

Unmasking bias motives in crimes: selected cases of the European Court of Human Rights
December
2018

Unmasking bias motives in crimes: selected cases of the European Court of Human Rights

Paper
This paper discusses the evolution of European Court of Human Rights case law relating to hate crime, providing an update on the most recent rulings. Approaching hate crime from a fundamental rights perspective, it shows how Member State authorities’ duty to effectively investigate the bias motivation of crimes flows from key human rights instruments, such as the European Convention on Human Rights.
Experiences and perceptions of antisemitism - Second survey on discrimination and hate crime against Jews in the EU
December
2018

Experiences and perceptions of antisemitism - Second survey on discrimination and hate crime against Jews in the EU

Report
This report outlines the main findings of FRA’s second survey on Jewish people’s experiences with hate crime, discrimination and antisemitism in the European Union – the biggest survey of Jewish people ever conducted worldwide. Covering 12 EU Member States, the survey reached almost 16,500 individuals who identify as being Jewish. It follows up on the agency’s first survey, conducted in seven countries in 2012.
Preventing unlawful profiling today and in the future: a guide
December
2018

Preventing unlawful profiling today and in the future: a guide

Report
This guide explains what profiling is, the legal frameworks that regulate it, and why conducting profiling lawfully is both necessary to comply with fundamental rights and crucial for effective policing and border management. The guide also provides practical guidance on how to avoid unlawful profiling in police and border management operations.

Latest opinions View all

Challenges and opportunities for the implementation of the Charter of Fundamental Rights
30/09/2018

Challenges and opportunities for the implementation of the Charter of Fundamental Rights

With this Opinion, FRA aims to contribute to the European Parliament's own-initiative report on the “Implementation of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union in the EU institutional framework”, being prepared in the Parliament’s Committee for Constitutional Affairs (AFCO). The request aims at understanding the interaction between the Charter’s implementation at national and EU level, and whether there are “instruments, mechanisms and practices” available at EU level to assist Member States to better implement the Charter.
Fundamental rights implications of storing biometric data in identity documents and residence cards
05/09/2018

Fundamental rights implications of storing biometric data in identity documents and residence cards

This Opinion by the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) aims to inform the European Parliament’s position concerning the legislative proposal for a Regulation on strengthening the security of identity cards of European Union (EU) citizens and of residence documents issued to EU citizens and their family members exercising their right of free movement. It focuses on the processing of biometric data and complements the opinion published by the European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS).
The revised Visa Information System and its fundamental rights implications
30/08/2018

The revised Visa Information System and its fundamental rights implications

This Opinion by the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) aims to inform the European Parliament’s position on the legislative proposal amending the Visa Information System, the Visa Code and other related provisions of EU law. The European Commission presented the proposal on 16 May 2018 and EU legislators are currently discussing it.7 Throughout the text, this opinion refers to the proposed amendments using the wording “the proposal” or “the Commission proposal”.