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Manifestos and other campaign material inform the electorate about different parties’ policy priorities and can be an important element in deciding how to vote. Accessibility can be achieved by ensuring that manifestos are available in alternative formats suitable for people with different types of impairment, for example large print, braille, easy-to-read or audio versions. The independence of political parties means that they do not necessarily carry this formal obligation unless national legislative requirements are in place.
The analysis indicates a lack of available data from which to make comparisons between Member States about the number of political parties who make their manifestos and campaign material accessible for persons with disabilities. Levels of accessibility vary between different parties in the same country and according to the types of information they provide. The following map presents data on the known availability of party political campaign material in accessible formats during the most recent elections.
Were some political party manifestos provided in accessible formats during the most recent elections?
Sources: FRA, 2014
|Some political parties provided accessible manifestos|
|No political parties provided accessible manifestos|
In only five Member States: Croatia, the Czech Republic, Greece, France and Poland, did the analysis identify a source of official government data on the accessibility of public authority buildings. In Greece, a survey published by the Ministry of Administrative Reform and Electronic Government in 2008 found that 9 % of the 3,828 public buildings surveyed were fully accessible to people with disabilities. Similarly, in France, a 2012 report by the Inter-ministerial Observatory on accessibility and universal design found that 15 % of establishments open to the public conform with accessibility standards.
In a second group of six EU Member States, Hungary, Lithuania, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia and Sweden, some data on the proportion of public authority buildings that are accessible for persons with disabilities was found from unofficial sources such as research undertaken by NGOs. The Lithuanian society of persons with disabilities assessed the accessibility of over 350 public buildings in nine Lithuanian municipalities in 2012, reporting that almost half are not accessible to persons with disabilities. In 2010, the Portuguese Association for Consumer Protection evaluated the accessibility of 33 public authority buildings across five cities against a number of criteria covering the inside and outside of the buildings. The study concluded that none were fully accessible to persons with disabilities, with major physical barriers found in 23 of the buildings.