International obligations

The standards, procedures and institutions that ensure human and fundamental rights in the EU, or what could be called the EU’s fundamental rights landscape, is a multi-layered system, covering local, national and international organisations, the last of which include the EU itself, the Council of Europe, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) and the United Nations (UN).

In this intricate and networked system, all levels contribute to the overall improvement of fundamental rights.

The tables and figures in this section focus on a number of core international obligations that the EU and its Member States have taken on, by looking at their formal acceptance of international human rights instruments, as well as the results of the international- and national-level monitoring linked to these instruments. 

The tables and figures cover the following:

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