Article 5 - Slavery / Forced Labour

Out of sight: migrant women exploited in domestic work
June
2018

Out of sight: migrant women exploited in domestic work

Paper
The stories of the domestic workers FRA interviewed for this paper reveal appalling working conditions and fundamental rights abuses in private homes across the EU. These stories indicate that, seven years on from FRA’s first report on domestic workers in 2011, little has changed in terms of the risks and experiences of severe labour exploitation domestic workers in the EU face.
Migration to the EU: five persistent challenges
February
2018

Migration to the EU: five persistent challenges

Paper
EU Member States’ legal and practical responses to migrants and refugees implicate several of their fundamental rights, as enshrined in the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union (EU). The EU Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) has regularly reported on these issues since September 2015. This report highlights key trends and persistent concerns between October 2016 and December 2017. It focuses on five areas: access to territory, reception conditions, asylum procedures, unaccompanied children and immigration detention.
Guardianship systems for children deprived of parental care in the European Union - Summary
January
2018

Guardianship systems for children deprived of parental care in the European Union - Summary

Summary
Guardians are a key element of a protection system for children who are temporarily or permanently deprived of their family environment and cannot have their interests represented by their parents. Great disparities exist between the types of guardianship provided to children in and within European Union (EU) Member States. This report explores the key features of guardianship systems put in place to cater for the needs of all children in need of protection, including child victims and those at risk of becoming victims of trafficking in human beings or of other forms of exploitation.
Severe labour exploitation: workers moving within or into the European Union - Summary
March
2016

Severe labour exploitation: workers moving within or into the European Union - Summary

Summary
Worker exploitation is not an isolated or marginal phenomenon. But despite its pervasiveness in everyday life, severe labour exploitation and its adverse effects on third-country nationals and EU citizens – as workers, but also as consumers – have to date not received much attention from researchers. This report identifies risk factors contributing to such exploitation and discusses means of improving the situation and highlights the challenges EU institutions and Member States face in making the right of workers who have moved within or into the EU to decent working conditions a reality.
Guardianship systems for children deprived of parental care in the European Union
October
2015

Guardianship systems for children deprived of parental care in the European Union

Report
This report explores the key features of guardianship systems put in place to cater for the needs of all children in need of protection, including child victims and those at risk of becoming victims of trafficking in human beings or of other forms of exploitation. The research covers four specific areas, namely the type of guardianship systems in place, the profile of appointed guardians, the appointment procedures, and the tasks of the guardians.
Severe labour exploitation: workers moving within or into the European Union
June
2015

Severe labour exploitation: workers moving within or into the European Union

Report
Worker exploitation is not an isolated or marginal phenomenon. But despite its pervasiveness in everyday life, severe labour exploitation and its adverse effects on third-country nationals and EU citizens – as workers, but also as consumers – have to date not received much attention from researchers.
Fundamental rights at land borders: findings from selected European Union border crossing points
November
2014

Fundamental rights at land borders: findings from selected European Union border crossing points

Report
Together with two FRA sister reports on the EU’s air and southern sea borders, this report’s findings serve to inform EU and Member State practitioners and policy makers of fundamental rights challenges that can emerge at land borders. Increased awareness should also help to create a shared understanding among border guards of what fundamental obligations mean for their daily work, ultimately enhancing fundamental rights compliance at the EU’s external borders.
Child Trafficking in the EU - Challenges, perspectives and good practices
July
2009

Child Trafficking in the EU - Challenges, perspectives and good practices

Report
Trafficking in human beings is a major problem both in the EU and worldwide. Every year a substantial number of children fall victim to trafficking for sexual exploitation or other purposes. There are extremely low numbers of convictions in child trafficking cases. Overall, the report finds that the EU must do more to address the issue. The FRA calls for better legislation to combat child trafficking. The protection and care for victims, in particular, must be improved.