Article 21 - Non-discrimination

Second European Union Minorities and Discrimination Survey (EU-MIDIS II) Muslims – Selected findings
September
2017

Second European Union Minorities and Discrimination Survey (EU-MIDIS II) Muslims – Selected findings

Report
Muslims living in the EU face discrimination in a broad range of settings – and particularly when looking for work, on the job, and when trying to access public or private services. The report examines how characteristics – such as an individual's first and last name, skin colour and the wearing of visible religious symbols like a headscarf, for example – may trigger discriminatory treatment and harassment.
Ensuring justice for hate crime victims: professional perspectives - Summary
April
2017

Ensuring justice for hate crime victims: professional perspectives - Summary

Report summary
Hate crime is the most severe expression of discrimination and a core fundamental rights abuse. The European Union (EU) has demonstrated its resolve to tackle hate crime with legislation such as the 2008 Framework Decision on combating certain forms and expressions of racism and xenophobia by means of criminal law. Nonetheless, the majority of hate crimes perpetrated in the EU remain unreported and therefore invisible, leaving victims without redress.
Together in the EU - Promoting the participation of migrants and their descendants
March
2017

Together in the EU - Promoting the participation of migrants and their descendants

Report
Integrating migrants, refugees and their descendants is of critical importance for the future of the European Union. This report examines Member States’ integration policies and action plans for promoting their participation in society, focusing on non-discrimination, education, employment, language learning and political engagement.
Child-friendly justice - Perspectives and experiences of children involved in judicial proceedings as victims, witnesses or parties in nine EU Member States
February
2017

Child-friendly justice - Perspectives and experiences of children involved in judicial proceedings as victims, witnesses or parties in nine EU Member States

Report
Around 2.5 million children participate in judicial proceedings across the European Union (EU) every year, affected by parental divorce or as victims of, or witnesses to, crime. Although their effective participation in such proceedings is vital for improving the operation of justice, the treatment of children in justice systems remains a concern. FRA investigated to what extent children’s rights to be heard, to be informed, to be protected, and to non-discrimination are fulfilled in practice.
Antisemitism - Overview of data available in the European Union 2005-2015
December
2016

Antisemitism - Overview of data available in the European Union 2005-2015

Paper
Antisemitism can be expressed in the form of verbal and physical attacks, threats, harassment, property damage and graffiti or other forms of text, including on the internet. The present report relates to manifestations of antisemitism as they are recorded by international organisations, and by official and unofficial sources in the 28 EU Member States.
Second European Union Minorities and Discrimination Survey (EU-MIDIS II) Roma – Selected findings
November
2016

Second European Union Minorities and Discrimination Survey (EU-MIDIS II) Roma – Selected findings

Report
Some 80% of Roma surveyed live below their country’s at-risk-of-poverty threshold; every third Roma lives in housing without tap water; every third Roma child lives in a household where someone went to bed hungry at least once in the previous month; and 50% of Roma between the ages of six and 24 do not attend school. This report underscores an unsettling but unavoidable reality: the European Union’s largest ethnic minority continues to face intolerable discrimination and unequal access to vital services.
Current migration situation in the EU: hate crime
November
2016

Current migration situation in the EU: hate crime

Paper
Asylum seekers and migrants face various forms of violence and harassment across the European Union (EU). As this month’s report on the migration situation underscores, such acts are both perpetrated and condoned by state authorities, private individuals, as well as vigilante groups. They increasingly also target activists and politicians perceived as ‘pro-refugee’.
Key migration issues: one year on from initial reporting
October
2016

Key migration issues: one year on from initial reporting

Paper
In view of the increasing numbers of refugees, asylum seekers and migrants entering the EU, the European Commission asked FRA to collect data about the fundamental rights situation of people arriving in those Member States that have been particularly affected by large migration movements. This month's focus section reviews persistent key issues since initial reporting began one year ago.
Asylum and migration into the European Union in 2015
May
2016

Asylum and migration into the European Union in 2015

Annual report
This Focus takes a closer look at asylum and migration issues in the European Union (EU) in 2015. It looks at the effectiveness of measures taken or proposed by the EU and its Member States to manage this situation, with particular reference to their fundamental rights compliance.
Professionally speaking: challenges to achieving equality for LGBT people
March
2016

Professionally speaking: challenges to achieving equality for LGBT people

Report
The fundamental rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people are often not respected across the EU. Public officials and other professionals in education, healthcare and law enforcement are entrusted with the duty to ensure that everyone’s fundamental rights are protected and promoted.
Protection against discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation, gender identity and sex characteristics in the EU – Comparative legal analysis – Update 2015
December
2015

Protection against discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation, gender identity and sex characteristics in the EU – Comparative legal analysis – Update 2015

Report
While awareness of the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) persons is on the rise across the European Union, hurdles to their full enjoyment of their fundamental rights remain. This report updates FRA’s 2010 report on homophobia, transphobia and discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation and gender identity.
Handbook on European law relating to the rights of the child
November
2015

Handbook on European law relating to the rights of the child

Handbook
Children are full-fledged holders of rights. They are beneficiaries of all human and fundamental rights and subjects of special regulations, given their specific characteristics. This handbook aims to illustrate how European law and case law accommodate the specific interests and needs of children.
Guardianship systems for children deprived of parental care in the European Union
October
2015

Guardianship systems for children deprived of parental care in the European Union

Report
This report explores the key features of guardianship systems put in place to cater for the needs of all children in need of protection, including child victims and those at risk of becoming victims of trafficking in human beings or of other forms of exploitation. The research covers four specific areas, namely the type of guardianship systems in place, the profile of appointed guardians, the appointment procedures, and the tasks of the guardians.
Antisemitism - Overview of data available in the European Union 2004-2014
September
2015

Antisemitism - Overview of data available in the European Union 2004-2014

Paper
Antisemitism can be expressed in the form of verbal and physical attacks, threats, harassment, property damage, graffiti or other forms of text, including on the internet. This report relates to manifestations of antisemitism as they are recorded by official and unofficial sources in the 28 European Union (EU) Member States.
Promoting respect and diversity - Combating intolerance and hate
September
2015

Promoting respect and diversity - Combating intolerance and hate

Paper
Regardless of ethnic origin, religion or belief, everyone living in the Union has a fundamental right to be treated equally, to be respected and to be protected from violence. This contribution paper to the Annual Colloquium on Fundamental Rights provides evidence of the fact that such respect is lacking, and suggests ways in which governments can ensure they fulfil their duty to safeguard this right for everyone living in the EU.
Cost of exclusion from healthcare – The case of migrants in an irregular situation
September
2015

Cost of exclusion from healthcare – The case of migrants in an irregular situation

Report
This report aims to estimate the economic cost of providing timely access to screening and treatment for migrants in an irregular situation, compared with providing treatment only in emergency cases. It presents an economic model to calculate such costs for two medical conditions: hypertension and prenatal care. To better illustrate its application in practice, the model is applied to three European Union (EU) Member States – Germany, Greece and Sweden.
Cost of exclusion from healthcare – The case of migrants in an irregular situation – Summary
September
2015

Cost of exclusion from healthcare – The case of migrants in an irregular situation – Summary

Report summary
The right to health is a basic social right. However, its understanding and application differs across the European Union (EU) Member States, which results in different healthcare services being offered to migrants in an irregular situation. This summary looks into the potential costs of providing migrants in an irregular situation with timely access to health screening and treatment, compared to providing medical treatment only in emergency cases.
Being Trans in the EU – Comparative analysis of the EU LGBT survey data – Summary
May
2015

Being Trans in the EU – Comparative analysis of the EU LGBT survey data – Summary

Report summary
Trans persons, or those whose gender identity and/or gender expression differs from the sex assigned them at birth, face frequent discrimination, harassment and violence across the European Union (EU) today. This reality triggers fears that persuade many to hide or disguise their true selves. This report examines issues of equal treatment and discrimination on two grounds, namely sexual orientation and gender identity.
The fundamental rights situation of intersex people
May
2015

The fundamental rights situation of intersex people

Paper
This paper examines the legal situation of intersex people from a fundamental rights perspective. It draws on evidence from the Agency’s updated legal analysis on homophobia, transphobia, and discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation and gender identity, which now includes a section on intersex issues.
Child-friendly justice – Perspectives and experiences of professionals on children’s participation in civil and criminal judicial proceedings in 10 EU Member States
May
2015

Child-friendly justice – Perspectives and experiences of professionals on children’s participation in civil and criminal judicial proceedings in 10 EU Member States

Report
Each year thousands of children take part in criminal and civil judicial proceedings, affected by parental divorce or as victims or witnesses to crime. Such proceedings can be stressful for anyone. The European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) investigated whether children’s rights are respected in these proceedings.
Child-friendly justice – perspectives and experiences of professionals – Summary
May
2015

Child-friendly justice – perspectives and experiences of professionals – Summary

Report summary
Making justice systems more child‑friendly improves the protection of children, enhances their meaningful participation and at the same time improves the operation of justice. The findings in this summary can provide Member States with useful tools to identify barriers, gaps or weaknesses in their judicial proceedings, especially in the process of transposing and implementing relevant EU directives. Also available in BG - CS - DA - DE - EL - ES - ET - FI - FR - HR - HU - IT - LV - LT - MT - PL - PT - RO - SK - SK - SV
Embedding fundamental rights in the security agenda
February
2015

Embedding fundamental rights in the security agenda

Paper
The recent events in Paris have challenged our sense of safety. They come at a time when the European Union is in the course of discussing its priorities in the area of internal security for the next five years. This paper examines the ways in which a fundamental rights perspective can benefit the current debate, so that a fundamental rights-anchored approach can support the creation of legitimate, effective and sustainable law enforcement and counter-radicalisation measures.
Being Trans in the EU - Comparative analysis of the EU LGBT survey data
December
2014

Being Trans in the EU - Comparative analysis of the EU LGBT survey data

Report
Trans persons, or those whose gender identity and/or gender expression differs from the sex assigned them at birth, face frequent discrimination, harassment and violence across the European Union (EU) today. This reality triggers fears that persuade many to hide or disguise their true selves. This report examines issues of equal treatment and discrimination on two grounds, namely sexual orientation and gender identity. It analyses data on the experiences of 6,579 trans respondents from the EU Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) survey, the largest body of empirical evidence of its kind to date.
Discrimination against and living conditions of Roma women in 11 EU Member States
October
2014

Discrimination against and living conditions of Roma women in 11 EU Member States

Data in focus
Equality is one of the five values on which the European Union (EU) is founded; yet women here face inequalities in many respects. Extreme poverty, exclusion and discrimination burden Roma women even further. The European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) researched the situation of Roma women in 11 EU Member States.
Education: the situation of Roma in 11 EU Member States
October
2014

Education: the situation of Roma in 11 EU Member States

Data in focus
This report examines the results of the European Union Agency’s for Fundamental Rights (FRA) 2011 Roma survey on education, which show that considerable gaps between Roma and non‑Roma children persist at all educational levels.
Poverty and employment: the situation of Roma in 11 EU Member States
October
2014

Poverty and employment: the situation of Roma in 11 EU Member States

Data in focus
This report presents the results of the European Union Agency’s for Fundamental Rights (FRA) 2011 Roma survey on poverty and employment, which show, for example, that although most Roma are actively seeking a job, only about a third of those surveyed has paid work, which is often precarious and informal. It reveals multiple challenges:very low employment rates were observed, in particular for young Roma.
The right to political participation for persons with disabilities: human rights indicators
May
2014

The right to political participation for persons with disabilities: human rights indicators

Report
The opportunity to be involved in political life, whether by standing for elected office, joining a political party, or following political news stories in the media, is at the heart of what it means to live in a democratic society. The report analyses data on the situation of political participation of persons with disabilities collected from across the 28 European Union (EU) Member States by the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) and the European Commission-funded Academic Network of European Disability Experts (ANED).
The right to political participation of persons with disabilities - Summary
April
2014

The right to political participation of persons with disabilities - Summary

Report summary
The report analyses data on the situation of political participation of persons with disabilities collected from across the 28 European Union (EU) Member States by the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) and the European Commission-funded Academic Network of European Disability Experts (ANED).
Violence against women: an EU-wide survey. Main results report
March
2014

Violence against women: an EU-wide survey. Main results report

Report
This FRA survey is the first of its kind on violence against women across the 28 Member States of the European Union (EU). It is based on interviews with 42,000 women across the EU, who were asked about their experiences of physical, sexual and psychological violence, including incidents of intimate partner violence (‘domestic violence’).
Violence against women: an EU-wide survey. Results at a glance
March
2014

Violence against women: an EU-wide survey. Results at a glance

Report summary
Violence against women undermines women’s core fundamental rights such as dignity, access to justice and gender equality. For example, one in three women has experienced physical and/or sexual violence since the age of 15; one in five women has experienced stalking; every second woman has been confronted with one or more forms of sexual harassment.
Violence against women: an EU‑wide survey
March
2014

Violence against women: an EU‑wide survey

Factsheet
This factsheet presents some examples of survey findings, which are placed alongside general considerations as possible ‘ways forward’ for responding to violence against women.
Discrimination and hate crime against Jews in EU Member States: experiences and perceptions of antisemitism
November
2013

Discrimination and hate crime against Jews in EU Member States: experiences and perceptions of antisemitism

Report
This FRA survey is the first-ever to collect comparable data on Jewish people’s experiences and perceptions of antisemitism, hate-motivated crime and discrimination across a number of EU Member States, specifically in Belgium, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Sweden and the United Kingdom. Its findings reveal a worrying level of discrimination, particularly in employment and education, a widespread fear of victimisation and heightening concern about antisemitism online.
Jewish people's experience of discrimination and hate crime in European Union Member States
November
2013

Jewish people's experience of discrimination and hate crime in European Union Member States

Factsheet
Jewish people across the European Union (EU) continue to face insults, discrimination, harassment and even physical violence which, despite concerted efforts by both the EU and its Member States, show no signs of fading into the past. Although many important rights are guaranteed legally, widespread and long-standing prejudice continues to hinder Jewish people’s chances to enjoy these rights in reality.
Analysis of FRA Roma survey results by gender
September
2013

Analysis of FRA Roma survey results by gender

Paper
This paper provides an analysis of data collected through FRA’s Roma Survey broken down by gender and covering the core areas of employment, education, housing and health, as well as any other gender‐sensitive policy areas. The paper is the result of a request made by the President of the European Parliament to the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) on 27 June 2013.
Inequalities and multiple discrimination in access to and quality of healthcare
March
2013

Inequalities and multiple discrimination in access to and quality of healthcare

Report
Certain people are seen as particularly vulnerable to unequal treatment, because they share a combination of characteristics that may trigger discrimination. A Roma woman sterilised without her informed consent, for example, has suffered discrimination not just because of her sex, as all women do not face this treatment, nor just because she is Roma, as Roma men may not face this treatment. The discriminatory treatment is based specifically on the intersection of her sex and ethnic origin.
Access to justice in cases of discrimination in the EU – Steps to further equality
December
2012

Access to justice in cases of discrimination in the EU – Steps to further equality

Report
The principle of non-discrimination is firmly established in European Union (EU) legislation and includes provisions relating to access to justice. This report examines the process of seeking redress in cases of discrimination. It provides a detailed analysis of what the EU Member State bodies that deal with cases of discrimination do to support possible victims of discrimination and to offer them redress. It examines the factors obstructing effective remedies, such as the complexity of the complaints system, which discourage people from bringing cases and reinforce victims’ feelings of helplessness
EU-MIDIS Data in Focus Report 6: Minorities as Victims of Crime
November
2012

EU-MIDIS Data in Focus Report 6: Minorities as Victims of Crime

Data in focus
This EU-MIDIS Data in focus report 6 presents data on respondents’ experiences of victimisation across five crime types: theft of or from a vehicle; burglary or attempted burglary; theft of personal property not involving force or threat (personal theft); assault or threat; and serious harassment. The European Union Minorities and Discrimination Survey (EU-MIDIS) is the first EU-wide survey to ask 23,500 individuals with an ethnic and minority background about their experiences of discrimination and criminal victimisation in everyday life.
Hate crime in the European Union
November
2012

Hate crime in the European Union

Factsheet
Despite EU Member States’ efforts to combat discrimination and intolerance, including hate crime, there are indications that the situation is not improving. Continued and renewed violations of the fundamental rights of people living within the EU have instead been witnessed over the past few years, through verbal abuse, physical attacks or even murders motivated by prejudice.
Making hate crime visible in the European Union: acknowledging victims' rights
November
2012

Making hate crime visible in the European Union: acknowledging victims' rights

Report
Discrimination and intolerance persist in the European Union (EU) despite the best efforts of Member States to root them out, FRA research shows. Verbal abuse, physical attacks and murders motivated by prejudice target EU society in all its diversity, from visible minorities to those with disabilities. This FRA report is designed to help the EU and its Member States to tackle these fundamental rights violations both by making them more visible and bringing perpetrators to account.
Choice and control: the right to independent living
June
2012

Choice and control: the right to independent living

Report
This report examines how persons with intellectual disabilities and persons with mental health problems in nine EU Member States experience autonomy, inclusion and participation in their lives.
Choice and control: the right to independent living - Summary report
June
2012

Choice and control: the right to independent living - Summary report

Report summary
This summary report outlines the findings of interview-based research carried out in 2010 and 2011 in nine EU Member States with persons with mental health problems and persons with intellectual disabilities. The research examined how they experience the principles of autonomy, inclusion and participation in their day-to-day lives.
The situation of Roma in 11 EU Member States - Survey results at a glance
May
2012

The situation of Roma in 11 EU Member States - Survey results at a glance

Report
Roma - Europe's largest minority of 10-12 million people - continue to experience discrimination and social exclusion; and they are not sufficiently aware of their rights guaranteed by EU law, such as the Racial Equality Directive. This report presents the first results of the FRA Roma pilot survey and the UNDP/World Bank/European Commission regional Roma survey carried out in 2011.
May
2012

The situation of Roma in 11 EU Member States - Survey results at a glance

Factsheet
This factsheet presents the first results of the surveys based on an analysis of only part of the available data. The results presented are a first step in addressing the severe lack of data on the socio-economic situation of Roma in the EU and the fulfilment of their rights.
January
2012

Combating racial discrimination

Factsheet
The Racial Equality Directive (2000/43/EC), adopted in 2000, has made important changes to the way that racial discrimination is combated in the European Union. Only a handful of EU Member States already had detailed laws and mechanisms to prohibit racial discrimination before the directive was adopted; the vast majority have had to make significant improvements to comply with the directive.
The Racial Equality Directive: application and challenges
January
2012

The Racial Equality Directive: application and challenges

Report
The Racial Equality Directive (2000/43/EC) is the key piece of EU legislation for combating discrimination on the grounds of racial or ethnic origin and for giving effect to the principle of equal treatment. The present report discusses the application of the directive through the laws and practices in the 27 EU Member States.
Factsheet: Gender-based violence against women – an EU-wide survey
October
2011

Factsheet: Gender-based violence against women – an EU-wide survey

Factsheet
In 2011—2012, the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) will conduct an EU-wide survey on violence against women. This is the first survey of its kind to randomly sample and interview 40,000 women across the 27 EU Member States and Croatia. It will therefore furnish the robust, comparable data that policy makers need to shape informed, targeted policies to combat such violence.
Respect for and protection of persons belonging to minorities 2008-2010
September
2011

Respect for and protection of persons belonging to minorities 2008-2010

Report
This report examines what the Treaty of Lisbon means for the protection of minorities, and the policies the EU has recently adopted in this field. It provides evidence of the still persistent phenomenon of discrimination found in many areas of life, including employment, housing, healthcare and education.
The FRA disability project postcard
September
2011

The FRA disability project postcard

Promotional material
Under the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD), people with disabilities are no longer being considered as being unable to play an active role in society. Instead of people with disabilities being viewed as the problems, the barriers they face are clearly recognised as being the source of the problem.
Homophobia, transphobia and discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation and gender identity in the EU Member States
June
2011

Homophobia, transphobia and discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation and gender identity in the EU Member States

Report
The European Union (EU) is founded on the values of equality and non-discrimination, and through its policies works to combat discrimination, including discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. This report of the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) twins its research findings in the field with the relevant EU standards in a short and easy-to-read publication designed to equip those who shape policy with the information they need to develop a coherent and systematic approach to the protection of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transsexual (LGBT) rights.
Handbook on European non-discrimination law
March
2011

Handbook on European non-discrimination law

Handbook
The Handbook on European non-discrimination law is jointly produced by the European Court of Human Rights and the FRA. It is a comprehensive guide to non-discrimination law and relevant key concepts.
EU-MIDIS Data in Focus Report 5: Multiple discrimination
February
2011

EU-MIDIS Data in Focus Report 5: Multiple discrimination

Data in focus
The Fundamental Rights Agency publishes its first report on multiple discrimination: EU-MIDIS Data in Focus 5: ‘Multiple Discrimination' which focuses on perceptions of multiple discrimination experiences by respondents of ethnic or immigrant origin, compared with the general population.
Homophobia, transphobia and discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation and gender identity
November
2010

Homophobia, transphobia and discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation and gender identity

Report - comparative
This report updates the FRA comparative legal analysis of discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity first published in June 2008. It presents the situation as it stood at the end of 2009, though information gathered in 2010 has been incorporated to the greatest possible extent. Five main trends among EU Member States can be noted from the information presented in this report.
November
2010

Key legal trends in the protection of LGBT rights in the European Union 2008-2010

Factsheet
In 2007, the European Parliament requested the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) to conduct research on discrimination against lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) persons. In 2008, the FRA published its first comparative legal analysis on homophobia, transphobia and discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity in the European Union. This factsheet outlines the key legal trends resulting from the updated legal analysis that the FRA undertook in 2010.
Experience of discrimination, social marginalisation and violence: A comparative study of Muslim and non-Muslim youth in three EU Member States
October
2010

Experience of discrimination, social marginalisation and violence: A comparative study of Muslim and non-Muslim youth in three EU Member States

Report
Social marginalisation and discrimination have severe consequences for any society – both need to be addressed as a priority, as they are directly linked to violent behaviour in young people. This research shows a high degree of overlap between three EU Member States when considering explanatory factors to violent attitudes or acts of violence committed by young people.
EU-MIDIS Data in Focus Report 4: Police Stops and Minorities
October
2010

EU-MIDIS Data in Focus Report 4: Police Stops and Minorities

Data in focus
EU-MIDIS Data in Focus report 4 focuses on the experiences of police stops of the 23 500 individuals with an ethnic minority or immigrant background interviewed as part of the survey. The report also contains results showing levels of trust in the police from the EU-MIDIS Survey.
Towards More Effective Policing, Understanding and preventing discriminatory ethnic profiling: A guide
October
2010

Towards More Effective Policing, Understanding and preventing discriminatory ethnic profiling: A guide

Report
When a decision to stop an individual is motivated solely or mainly by virtue of a person's race, ethnicity or religion, this constitutes discriminatory ethnic profiling. Such practices can serve to alienate certain communities in the EU, and in turn can contribute to inefficient policing. The FRA guide aims to help the police address and avoid discriminatory ethnic profiling, and is designed to be used as a tool for more effective policing.
A rights-based approach to HIV in the European Union
July
2010

A rights-based approach to HIV in the European Union

Factsheet
The factsheet "A rights-based approach to HIV in the European Union" is the contribution of the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) to the International AIDS Conference 2010, Vienna 18-23 July.
EU-MIDIS Data in Focus Report 3: Rights Awareness
May
2010

EU-MIDIS Data in Focus Report 3: Rights Awareness

Data in focus
EU-MIDIS "Data in Focus" report 3 focuses on respondents' knowledge about their rights in the field of non-discrimination, including knowledge about Equality Bodies in Member States. This Data In Focus report on 'Rights Awareness and equality bodies' relates to Article 21, on 'non-discrimination', as enrshrined in the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union.
Homophobia and Discrimination on Grounds of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in the EU Member States: Part II - The Social Situation
June
2009

Homophobia and Discrimination on Grounds of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in the EU Member States: Part II - The Social Situation

Report
The FRA publishes its report "Homophobia and Discrimination on Grounds of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in the EU Member States: Part II - The Social Situation". The report finds that discrimination, harassment and violence against LGBT (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender) persons are widespread throughout the EU. The FRA calls on political decision-makers to further improve equality legislation and ensure accurate reporting, in order to improve the situation.
EU-MIDIS Data in Focus Report 2: Muslims
May
2009

EU-MIDIS Data in Focus Report 2: Muslims

Data in focus
This report focuses on respondents who identified themselves as Muslims, and is the second in a series of EU-MIDIS ‘Data in Focus' reports exploring different results from the survey. Up to nine ‘Data in Focus' reports are planned. Given the shortage of extensive, objective and comparable data on Muslims in the European Union, EU-MIDIS provides, for the first time, comparable data on how Muslims across the EU experience discrimination and victimisation.
EU-MIDIS Data in Focus Report 1: The Roma
April
2009

EU-MIDIS Data in Focus Report 1: The Roma

Data in focus
This report is the first EU-MIDIS ‘Data in Focus' report examining discrimination and victimisation experienced by the Roma. Of all the groups surveyed by the FRA, the Roma emerged as the group most vulnerable to discrimination and crime. The FRA has therefore analysed their situation in a ‘data in focus' report, the first in a series of reports on minority groups and issues covered by the survey.
February
2009

Consultation on FRA work on Roma and Travellers - Final consultation report

Report - thematic
In order to enhance its work and develop a new strategy on addressing the situation of Roma and Travellers communities, the FRA has consulted in 2008 with a selected number of organisations actively involved in work on Roma and Travellers issues and are familiar with the work already undertaken by the Agency. The Council of Europe, the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), the Decade of Roma Inclusion, the European Commission and the European level organisations representing Roma and Traveller interests and/or engaging on behalf of the Roma and Traveller communities have been included through questionnaire consultation and were invited to take part at the FRA Roma Consultative meeting on 9 July 2008. This FRA Report presents the results of this consultation process.
Incident Report – Violent Attacks Against Roma in the Ponticelli district of Naples, Italy
August
2008

Incident Report – Violent Attacks Against Roma in the Ponticelli district of Naples, Italy

Report
This report provides information on the impact of the recent events in the Ponticelli district of Naples on Roma, immigrants, refugees and asylum seekers in May-June 2008. The report brings together the basic facts on these violent attacks as well as background information regarding the situation of Roma in Italy. It also describes efforts to address the situation by the Italian Authorities and the International Community, in particular the European Parliament, the Council of Europe, the OSCE, and Civil society organisations.Available languages: English, French, German, Italian and Romanian (PDF format).
Annual Report 2008
June
2008

Annual Report 2008

Annual report
The Annual Report 2008 is the first to be produced on the basis of the FRA legal base and mandate (Council Regulation 168//2007, art. 4.1(e)). It covers information, events and developments related to racism and xenophobia in the EU for the year 2007, which was the Agency's focus of work prior to the adoption of its Multiannual Framework in February 2008. The report summarises the findings of the Agency's on-going data collection through its RAXEN National Focal Points (NFPs) in each of the 27 Member States of the EU.
Annual Report 2008
June
2008

Annual Report 2008

Report summary
The Annual Report 2008 is the first to be produced on the basis of the FRA legal base and mandate (Council Regulation 168//2007, art. 4.1(e)). This summary highlights information, events and developments related to racism and xenophobia in the EU for the year 2007 which are contained in the 2008 Annual Report.
Annual report 2007 - Report on Racism and Xenophobia in the Member States of the EU
August
2007

Annual report 2007 - Report on Racism and Xenophobia in the Member States of the EU

Annual report
Unequal treatment continues in employment, housing and education, according to data collected by the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA). Figures for racist crime in 2005 and 2006 are up in a number of EU countries. While there are more signs that the EU's anti-discrimination legislation is having a positive impact, victims of discrimination still lack knowledge of the new rules.
Annual Report 2005
June
2005

Annual Report 2005

Annual report
This annual report of the Agency is the EU's first comprehensive overview of racist, xenophobic, antisemitic and anti-Muslim discrimination, and responses to it, to cover all 25 EU Member States. The Roma emerge as the group most vulnerable to racism in the EU. They face discrimination in employment, housing and education - as well as being regular victims of racial violence. Other groups facing high levels of discrimination in many Member States are migrant workers from Africa, the Middle East, Asia, and Latin America. Muslim groups face particularly challenging conditions in many Member States. Also recent migrants from Russia or the Ukraine may be subject to discrimination in some Member States.
April
2005

Racist Violence in 15 EU Member States

Report - comparative
The report on ‘Racist Violence in 15 EU Member States' is based on national reports by the Agency's National Focal Points and includes available data for the period 2001-2004. The focus of the report is on the extent and nature of, and policy responses to, racist violence (and associated activities) in EU15.
April
2005

Racist Violence in 15 EU Member States

Report summary
This summary provides an insight into the extent of, and policy responses to, racist violence in the EU15. To this end they provide an overview of current knowledge about and responses to racist violence, by the State and civil society, in individual Member States.
March
2005

Eurobarometer 2005: Questions & Answers

Factsheet
By their very nature, opinion polls are in danger of misinterpretation or simplification. The EUMC puts forward these questions & answers in order to facilitate a better interpretation of the survey results.
March
2005

Majorities’ Attitudes towards Migrants and Minorities: Key findings from the Eurobarometer and the European Social Survey

Report - thematic
In 2003 the Agency commissioned a research team from the University of Nijmegen in the Netherlands (NISCO) to conduct a major analysis of data from the 2003 Eurobarometer Survey and the 2003 European Social Survey on attitudes towards minorities and migrants in different European countries. The researchers also compared the findings of the 2003 Eurobarometer with results of earlier Eurobarometer Surveys. The research team produced a statistical analysis, written up as four reports.
Annual Report 2003 / 2004
December
2004

Annual Report 2003 / 2004

Annual report
In the Annual Report published on 2 December 2004, the Agency concludes that the education system in EU states is still failing migrant and minority pupils and racism against the Roma community continues.
May
2004

Manifestations of Antisemitism in the EU 2002 – 2003

Report
"Manifestations of Antisemitism in the EU 2002 - 2003" details manifestations of antisemitism in the EU over a two-year period from 2002-2003 using data available by October 2003 and proposes policies to counter it. The second report, "Perceptions of Antisemitism in the European Union" provides snapshot interviews with members of the Jewish community. The main report shows that there has been an increase in antisemitic incidents in five EU countries, (Belgium, France, Germany, the Netherlands and the UK). Those incidents ranged from hate mail to arson. In some other countries there has been little evidence of increase in antisemitism.
January
2004

Migrants, Minorities and Education

Report - comparative
The Agency commissioned the material for this report from its National Focal Points in 15 EU Member States. The report constitutes a unique collection of evidence on various forms of discrimination and disadvantage experienced by migrants and minorities in the education sector. The Report finds that migrant and minority ethnic groups are over-represented in educational establishments with lower academic demands, have higher drop out rates, lower school completion rates, and sometimes even face segregation into 'special needs schools'. As well as documenting inequality, discrimination and process of exclusion, the report also examples of good practices in the field of education. The report finishes with selected recommendations for the EU and its Member States.
April
2002

Racism, Football and the Internet (Thematic report)

Report - thematic
The Internet has become a forum for over 300 million potential users around the world. Racist, violent and extremist organisations and groupings have been quick in learning to use this new medium and take advantage of its benefits through systematic and rational use. The Agency decided to commission research to examine both the scope and the content of home pages which call for the use of football as a platform for racist and violent activities.
February
2002

Racism and Cultural Diversity in the Mass Media

Report - thematic
This report analyses the way the mass media reports on ethnic issues, tracing the developments, the effect of media reporting and identifying positive action to combat racism and promote cultural diversity. It provides a comparative overview of media research with regard to racism and examples of good media practice on anti-racism and cultural diversity in 15 EU Member States.
EUMC Annual Report 1998
June
1999

EUMC Annual Report 1998

Annual report
The European monitoring Centre on Racism and Xenophobia published its first report on developments in racism, xenophobia and Anti-Semitism in the EU Member States.