Article 34 - Social security and social assistance

Shifting perceptions: towards a rights‑based approach to ageing
June
2018

Shifting perceptions: towards a rights‑based approach to ageing

Annual report
European societies are not getting any younger! It is a simple truth we must face both about ourselves and Europe as a whole. In two generations, by 2080, those aged 65 or above will account for almost 30% of the European Union’s population.
A persisting concern: anti-Gypsyism as a barrier to Roma inclusion
April
2018

A persisting concern: anti-Gypsyism as a barrier to Roma inclusion

Report
Despite ambitious initiatives, the fundamental rights situation of Roma in the EU remains profoundly troubling. This report examines the persisting phenomenon of anti-Gypsyism and its effect on Roma inclusion efforts. It first presents data on key manifestations of anti-Gypsyism, namely discrimination, harassment and hate crime.
Together in the EU - Promoting the participation of migrants and their descendants
March
2017

Together in the EU - Promoting the participation of migrants and their descendants

Report
Integrating migrants, refugees and their descendants is of critical importance for the future of the European Union. This report examines Member States’ integration policies and action plans for promoting their participation in society, focusing on non-discrimination, education, employment, language learning and political engagement.
Second European Union Minorities and Discrimination Survey (EU-MIDIS II) Roma – Selected findings
November
2016

Second European Union Minorities and Discrimination Survey (EU-MIDIS II) Roma – Selected findings

Report
Some 80% of Roma surveyed live below their country’s at-risk-of-poverty threshold; every third Roma lives in housing without tap water; every third Roma child lives in a household where someone went to bed hungry at least once in the previous month; and 50% of Roma between the ages of six and 24 do not attend school. This report underscores an unsettling but unavoidable reality: the European Union’s largest ethnic minority continues to face intolerable discrimination and unequal access to vital services.
Cost of exclusion from healthcare – The case of migrants in an irregular situation
September
2015

Cost of exclusion from healthcare – The case of migrants in an irregular situation

Report
This report aims to estimate the economic cost of providing timely access to screening and treatment for migrants in an irregular situation, compared with providing treatment only in emergency cases. It presents an economic model to calculate such costs for two medical conditions: hypertension and prenatal care. To better illustrate its application in practice, the model is applied to three European Union (EU) Member States – Germany, Greece and Sweden.
Cost of exclusion from healthcare – The case of migrants in an irregular situation – Summary
September
2015

Cost of exclusion from healthcare – The case of migrants in an irregular situation – Summary

Summary
The right to health is a basic social right. However, its understanding and application differs across the European Union (EU) Member States, which results in different healthcare services being offered to migrants in an irregular situation. This summary looks into the potential costs of providing migrants in an irregular situation with timely access to health screening and treatment, compared to providing medical treatment only in emergency cases.