Article 51 - Field of application

Applying the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union in law and policymaking at national level - Guidance
October
2018

Applying the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union in law and policymaking at national level - Guidance

Handbook
As a very modern human rights catalogue containing many rights not found in established bills of rights, the Charter indeed looks good on paper. Those familiar with the main principles of EU law can usually quickly recite that the Charter is always binding on the EU, and binding on Member States only when they are "implementing EU law". But what does this often-quoted language from Article 51 of the Charter actually mean?
Handbook on European data protection law - 2018 edition
May
2018

Handbook on European data protection law - 2018 edition

Handbook
The rapid development of information technology has exacerbated the need for robust personal data protection, the right to which is safeguarded by both European Union (EU) and Council of Europe (CoE) instruments. Safeguarding this important right entails new and significant challenges as technological advances expand the frontiers of areas such as surveillance, communication interception and data storage. This handbook is designed to familiarise legal practitioners not specialised in data protection with this emerging area of the law.
Challenges facing civil society organisations working on human rights in the EU – Summary
May
2018

Challenges facing civil society organisations working on human rights in the EU – Summary

Summary
Civil society organisations in the European Union play a crucial role in promoting fundamental rights, but it has become harder for them do so – due to both legal and practical restrictions. This summary outlines the main findings and FRA’s opinions on the different types and patterns of challenges faced by civil society organisations across the EU,
Challenges facing civil society organisations working on human rights in the EU
January
2018

Challenges facing civil society organisations working on human rights in the EU

Report
Civil society organisations in the European Union play a crucial role in promoting fundamental rights, but it has become harder for them to do so – due to both legal and practical restrictions. This report looks at the different types and patterns of challenges faced by civil society organisations working on human rights in the EU.
Handbook on European law relating to access to justice
June
2016

Handbook on European law relating to access to justice

Handbook
Access to justice is an important element of the rule of law. It enables individuals to protect themselves against infringements of their rights, to remedy civil wrongs, to hold executive power accountable and to defend themselves in criminal proceedings. This handbook summarises the key European legal principles in the area of access to justice, focusing on civil and criminal law.