How our work is used

The work of the FRA is used by various stakeholders including, but not limited to, the institutions and bodies of the European Union, the Council of Europe, the UN, the OSCE and other international organisations. A selection of examples is given below.

Council of Europe
Document Title Date Area Abstract
ECRI Report on Finland 09/07/2013 Roma

References to  FRA Roma housing report and EUMIDIS:

... "A study published by the European Union’s Fundamental Rights Agency in 200921 shows that half of Roma interviewed had experienced differential treatment because of their ethnic origin while seeking housing. They were of the opinion that their ethnic origin was the reason they had had to wait so long for housing or that it was in a bad condition. They were also of the opinion that Roma faced problems in finding housing in the private sector even if they could afford to pay higher rents. Roma who were interviewed for the study had been on the waiting list for six years and when they finally received housing, the conditions and size of the apartment, or its proximity to public services were unsatisfactory." ...

... "The authorities informed ECRI that, on the basis of a study on Finland conducted by the Fundamental Rights Agency, the Legal Affairs Unit of the Ministry of the Interior has prepared a report on the discrimination suffered by Somalis in Finland. On the basis of the collected information, a three-year project to prevent discrimination of persons belonging to visible ethnic minorities and to reduce their underrepresentation in governmental occupations (AFRO project) has been launched." ...

References to  FRA ROMA Pilot Survey:

..." ECRI notes that the 2012 report of the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) on the situation of Roma in 11 EU Member States found that in Portugal fewer than one out of 10 Roma is reported to have completed upper-secondary education. Furthermore, a 2009 study on the situation of Portuguese Roma revealed that 52.3% had no education at all, 36.9% were functionally illiterate and 9% were illiterate." ...

ECRI notes that the recent FRA/UNDP Survey on the situation of Roma in 11 EU Member States6 mentioned above found that in Portugal only about one out of 10 Roma aged 20 to 64 was in paid employment. Just over 50% of Roma respondents aged 16 and above looking for work in the past five years in Portugal said that they had experienced discrimination because of their Roma background.

In addition, ECRI notes that, according to Article 122 of Law No. 23/2007, attending preschool, primary school or secondary or professional education is a ground for the regularisation of the situation of minors born in Portugal. The European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights’ 2011 Comparative Report on Fundamental Rights of Migrants in an Irregular Situation in the European Union highlights the go-to-school programme (Programa vai à escola) launched by the Foreigners and Borders Service (SEF), involving national immigration authorities and schools, designed to regularise migrant children who were born in Portugal and attend State schools but who do not reside legally in the country. Residence permits for both the children and their parents are granted or renewed directly at school, on the same day, avoiding bureaucracy. ECRI commends this programme which both promotes education for all immigrant children and regularises their and their parents’ legal status." ...

 

Parliamentray Assembly / Committee on Equality and Non-Discrimination - Tackling discrimination on the grounds of sexual orienta 17/05/2013 LGBT rights

Recommendation 5.6 to the Committee of Ministers: ... ‘’ consider the feasibility of joint action with the FRA in order ensure the collection of comparable Council of Europe wide data and information on the situation of LGBTs’’.  

References to FRA, including a table with the key findings (par 69).

... ‘’ I think it would be useful for the CoE to work hand in hand with the FRA and assess the feasibility of collecting data on the 19 CoE member states ….with the same methodology (…)’’. (par 70)

CoE Commissioner of Human Rights - Human rights comment - Europe must combat racist extremism and uphold human rights 13/05/2013 Racism, xenophobia & related intolerance

Reference to FRA Factsheet " Access to justice in cases of discrimination in the EU - Steps to further equality"

Access to justice in cases of discrimination

in the EU – Steps to further equality

Commissioner for Human Rights - Press release: Human rights protection is under strain in Europe 25/04/2013 FRA mandate

... "In May, the Commissioner visited the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) in Vienna and held discussions with the Chairperson of the FRA Management Board, Ms Ilze Brands Kehris, and the Director of FRA, Mr Morten Kjaerum. The Commissioner informed the FRA representatives about his priorities while the FRA gave an overview of their on-going research activities. It was agreed that co-operation would be developed further in order to improve the effectiveness of the shared human rights agenda.
In November, the Commissioner met with the new Chairperson of the FRA Management Board, Ms Maija Sakslin, and FRA Director Mr Morten Kjaerum in Strasbourg. In December, the Commissioner made a keynote address at the Fundamental Rights Conference of the FRA in Brussels.
Information on human rights issues was regularly exchanged between the FRA and the Commissioner’s Office. In 2012, the Office also contributed to several FRA seminars and meetings on national human rights structures and people with disabilities." ...
 

CoE/ Advisory Committee on the Framework Convention for the protection of national minorities / Third opinion on Ireland 19/04/2013 Racism, xenophobia & related intolerance

adopted on 10 October 2012, publ. 19 April 2013, page 17: ..." 77. The Advisory Committee further notes that according to the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA), Ireland has a good system for registering racist criminal offences." ...

CoE / PACE report on Ending discrimination against Roma children 04/04/2013 Roma

several references to the findings of FRA Roma survey

ECRI Report on Ireland (fourth monitoring cycle) 19/02/2013 Racism, xenophobia & related intolerance

... "According to the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA), Ireland has a good system for registering racist criminal offences;6 a fact which was already acknowledged in ECRI’s third report. According to the official statistics, 128 racist incidents were reported in 2009 and 122 were reported in 2010.7 These statistics further indicate that the most common types of racist incidents are minor assault, public order offences and criminal damage. Since 2008, 45 cases have been brought under the Prohibition of Incitement to Hatred Act 1989.8

22. FRA analysed in 2009 the experiences of discrimination in the everyday life of immigrant and ethnic minority groups in all EU member States. For Ireland, a sample of Sub-Saharan Africans was surveyed.9 ECRI notes that 26% of the respondents considered that, in the previous 12 months, they had fallen victim to racially motivated crime of the following type: serious harassment, threat or assault. Such a high estimate leads ECRI to consider that the official statistics do not reflect correctly the reality of the number of racially motivated offences in Ireland.

ECRI notes that the high level of discrimination at workplace was also found in a recent MIDIS study conducted by FRA. Sub-Saharan Africans are among the top ten groups in EU member States experiencing the highest levels of discrimination at work. Half of the respondents claimed to have been discriminated against in general, and one in four when at work (26%).20 These findings are consistent with the survey published by the Central Statistics Office (CSO) in July 2011 showing that 27% of people surveyed experienced discrimination in the workplace.21" ...
 

Report by by Nils Muižnieks Commissioner on Human Rights Following his visit to Finland from 11 to 13 June 2012 25/09/2012 Discrimination

2. Non-discrimination and reform of equal treatment legislation
2.1 Current protection framework and reform of equal treatment legislation

"57. .... The 2009 EU-MIDIS Survey carried out by the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) pointed out that 27% of Russians in Finland felt discriminated against in the past 12 months, the highest score of the countries surveyed (Finland, Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania). 27% of the incidents were reported to the authorities. Work-related discrimination was the most common type of incident. 12% of Russian-speakers reported that they had been victims of racially-motivated crime and 2% perceived that they had been victims of racial profiling by the police. According to police statistics, 38 persons born in Russia had been victims of suspected racist crime in Finland in 2010 (4% of all cases)." ... 

ECRI report on Sweden adopted on 19 June 2012, published on 25 September 2012 25/09/2012 Discrimination

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Other sources

42. European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA), Antisemitism: Summary overview of the situation in the European Union 2001-2010: Working Paper, Vienna, April 2011
43. FRA, Fundamental rights of migrants in an irregular situation in the European Union, Comparative report, Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union, November 2011
44. FRA, Migrants in an irregular situation: access to healthcare in 10 European Union Member States, Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union, 2011
45. FRA, Separated, asylum-seeking children in European Union Member States: Comparative Report, Luxembourg, Publications Office of the European Union, November 2010
46. FRA, Migrants, minorities and employment: Exclusion and discrimination in the 27 Member States of the European Union: Update 2003-2008, Luxembourg, Publications Office of the European Union, 2011
47. FRA, Detention of third-country nationals in return procedures: Thematic Report, Conference Edition, Vienna, September 2010
48. FRA, The Racial Equality Directive: application and challenges, Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union, 2012
49. FRA, Sweden RAXEN National Focal Point, Thematic Study, Housing Conditions of Roma and Travellers, March 2009

Committee of Ministers - 1144 DH Meeting (4-6 June 2012) - volume de décisions et mémorandum arrêt M.S.S. 29/05/2012 Asylum, immigration & integration of migrants

II. Greece: assessment of the action plan
A. Response to the violations of Article 3 resulting from the conditions of detention
i) Conditions of detention of asylum seekers
3) Assessment by the Secretariat

..."25. The Committee of Ministers could also welcome the efforts aimed at improving detention conditions in the Evros region (Footnote 16 - In that respect, it could be borne in mind that the situation in Evros was characterised as "a humanitarian crisis, see European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, "Coping with a fundamental rights emergency. The situation of persons crossing the Greek land border in a irregular manner", Thematic situation report, March 2011.)"...

 

ECRI Report on Denmark (fourth monitoring cycle) 22/05/2012 Discrimination

p.17
..."26. ... Moreover, for the first time, the [Danish Security and Intelligence Service] PET combined its hate crime cases with those from the various regional and national police registries. According to the police, hate-crime victims included "Jews and people of an ethnic origin other than Danish" (mostly African or Middle Eastern ethnic groups)"...
[Civil society sources indicate that during the period 2005-2008, 10% of the population experienced hate crime based on racism. The Fundamental Rights Agency (FRA) indicated in an EU-wide survey carried out in 2008 that 31% of Somalis in Denmark have experienced intimidating harassment, threats and physical attacks.]

 

Annual report on ECRI's activities - covering the period from 1 January to 31 December 2011 01/05/2012 FRA mandate

p.17
..."26. ... Moreover, for the first time, the [Danish Security and Intelligence Service] PET combined its hate crime cases with those from the various regional and national police registries. According to the police, hate-crime victims included "Jews and people of an ethnic origin other than Danish" (mostly African or Middle Eastern ethnic groups)"...
[Civil society sources indicate that during the period 2005-2008, 10% of the population experienced hate crime based on racism. The Fundamental Rights Agency (FRA) indicated in an EU-wide survey carried out in 2008 that 31% of Somalis in Denmark have experienced intimidating harassment, threats and physical attacks.]

The impact of the Lisbon Treaty on the Council of Europe - Reply to Recommendation 1982 (2011) 05/04/2012 FRA mandate

... "7. On the basis of the agreement concluded in 2008 between the Council of Europe and the European Community, synergies have also been established between the Organisation and the Agency for Fundamental Rights of the EU (FRA) and will be further developed, including in the areas of children's rights, migration and asylum. Progress made in this respect is regularly reviewed by the GR-EXT." ...

CoE Commissioner Human Rights - Human rights of Roma and Travellers in Europe 2012 / 01/03/2012 Roma

... "In its document on'Understanding and preventing discriminatory ethnic profiling' of October 2010, the EU Fundamental Rights Agency has noted that 'profiling can become problematic if there is no specific intelligence to help identify individual suspects, and profiles are based on broad characteristics, such as race, ethnicity or religion rather
than behaviour'"....

..."The European Union Fundamental Rights Agency recently noted the following with respect to the involvement of Roma as perpetrators of trafficking:
... media sources have often made references to ‘Roma criminality', usually in the context of trafficking or petty crime. Given the paucity of relevant criminal justice data disaggregated by ethnic origin, such references raise important questions as to the validity of this type of information and its impact on Roma stereotypes and prejudice. In light of the vulnerability of the Roma to criminal victimization, particularly in regard to trafficking, further investigation based on robust and reliable information is therefore necessary."...

ECRI report for Luxembourg (adopted on 08.12.2011 and published 21.02.2012) 21/02/2012 Racism, xenophobia & related intolerance

p. 14
17. ... "Moreover, according to the Fundamental Rights Agency of the European Union (FRA), racism is not appropriately punished in Luxembourg" ...

p. 25
77. ""Furthermore, for the years 2008 and 2009 the European Union's Agency for Fundamental Rights placed Luxembourg in the group of countries where the criminal justice machinery for collecting official data on racist crime and violence was of limited quality." ....

Issue Paper CommDH/IssuePaper(2012)2: "WHO GETS TO DECIDE? Right to legal capacity for persons with intellectual and psychosocia 20/02/2012

... "Other rights are affected as well, including the right to work, to marry and to political participation. A recent report from the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) shows that the majority of EU member states links the right to political participation to the legal capacity of the individual. As a result, these countries have an automatic or quasi-automatic provision in their legal systems excluding persons with psychosocial and/or intellectual disabilities whose legal capacity has been restricted from the right to vote. And this is regardless of whether these individuals actually understand the idea of voting or not."...

 

European Parliament
Document Title Date Area Abstract
European Parliament resolution of 3 July 2013 on the situation of fundamental rights: standards and practices in Hungary (pursua 03/07/2013 FRA mandate

... "79. Given the current institutional mechanism laid down in Article 7 TEU, reiterates the calls it made, in its resolution of 12 December 2012 on the situation of fundamental rights in the European Union (2010- 2011), for the establishment of a new mechanism to ensure compliance by all Member States with the common values enshrined in Article 2 TEU, and the continuity of the ‘Copenhagen criteria’; this mechanism could assume the form of a ‘Copenhagen Commission’ or high-level group, a ‘group of wise men’ or an Article 70 TFEU evaluation, and build up on the reforming and strengthening of the mandate of the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, and on the framework of a strengthened Commission-Council-European Parliament-Member States dialogue on measures to be taken;

80. Reiterates that the setting up of such a mechanism could involve a rethinking of the mandate of the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, which should be enhanced to include regular monitoring of Member States' compliance with Article 2 TEU; recommends that such a ‘Copenhagen high-level group’ or any such mechanism should build on and cooperate with existing mechanisms and structures; recalls the role of the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, which could bring together the highly valuable work of the various existing Council of Europe monitoring bodies and the Agency's own data and analysis in order to carry out independent, comparative and regular assessments of the EU Member States' compliance with Article 2 TEU." ...
"

Report on the situation of fundamental rights: standards and practices in Hungary (pursuant to the European Parliament resolutio 25/06/2013 FRA mandate

... "78. Given the current institutional mechanism laid down in Article 7 TEU, reiterates the calls it made, in its resolution of 12 December 2012 on the situation of fundamental rights in the European Union (2010-2011), for the establishment of a new mechanism to ensure compliance by all Member States with the common values enshrined in Article 2 TEU, and the continuity of the 'Copenhagen criteria'; this mechanism could assume the form of a 'Copenhagen Commission' or high-level group, a 'group of wise men’ or an Article 70 TFEU evaluation, and build up on the reforming and strengthening of the mandate of the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, and on the framework of a strengthened Commission-Council-European Parliament-Member States dialogue on measures to be taken;

79.   Reiterates that the setting up of such a mechanism could involve a rethinking of the mandate of the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, which should be enhanced to include regular monitoring of Member States’ compliance with Article 2 TEU; recommends that such a ‘Copenhagen high-level group’ or any such mechanism should build on and cooperate with existing mechanisms and structures; recalls the role of the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, which could bring together the highly valuable work of the various existing Council of Europe monitoring bodies and the Agency’s own data and analysis in order to carry out independent, comparative and regular assessments of the EU Member States’ compliance with Article 2 TEU." ...

LIBE Committee - Working document 1 on the situation of fundamental rights in the European Union in 2012 21/06/2013 Access to justice

references to FRA symposium 2013 discussions and Focus section of FRA Annual report 2012 

JURI Committee newsletter 6 (June 2013) 19/06/2013 LGBT rights

 p. 5.

..." The rapporteur, in her draft report, has presented her amendments to the two proposals: as regards matrimonial property regimes, she suggests in particular a number of clarifications regarding the scope, a restructuring and clarification of the rules on applicable law and a clear orientation towards other instruments in the area of cooperation in civil matters, such as the recently adopted Regulation on wills and succession and the Brussels I Regulation, currently being recast.
As regards the property regimes for registered partnerships, she proposes largely parallel rules to the ones on married couples, in particular opening the possibility of a choice of law to registered partnerships as well. The absence of choice of law in the Commission proposal had been the subject of an opinion requested by Parliament, on the initiative of JURI, from the Fundamental Rights Agency in Vienna, which found that the Commission had not adequately justified the differentiation between married couples and registered partnerships. Both draft reports suggest that the provisions on recognition, enforceability and enforcement of decisions, as well as authentic instruments and court settlements, be aligned to the Regulation on Wills and Successions." ...

 

JURI Committee newsletter 6 (June 2013) 19/06/2013 LGBT rights

 p. 5.

..." The rapporteur, in her draft report, has presented her amendments to the two proposals: as regards matrimonial property regimes, she suggests in particular a number of clarifications regarding the scope, a restructuring and clarification of the rules on applicable law and a clear orientation towards other instruments in the area of cooperation in civil matters, such as the recently adopted Regulation on wills and succession and the Brussels I Regulation, currently being recast.
As regards the property regimes for registered partnerships, she proposes largely parallel rules to the ones on married couples, in particular opening the possibility of a choice of law to registered partnerships as well. The absence of choice of law in the Commission proposal had been the subject of an opinion requested by Parliament, on the initiative of JURI, from the Fundamental Rights Agency in Vienna, which found that the Commission had not adequately justified the differentiation between married couples and registered partnerships. Both draft reports suggest that the provisions on recognition, enforceability and enforcement of decisions, as well as authentic instruments and court settlements, be aligned to the Regulation on Wills and Successions." ...

 

European Parliament resolution of 11 June 2013 on social housing in the European Union (2012/2293(INI)) 11/06/2013

... "39. Calls on the Agency for Fundamental Rights to conduct a study assessing how effectively and under what conditions the right to housing and housing assistance is implemented in the Member States, involving relevant stakeholders in the process; calls on the agency to promote the exchange of best practices in the effective implementation of the right to housing for particularly vulnerable groups, including the homeless; calls on the Commission to follow such activities within the Social Investment Package;" ...

European Parliament resolution of 11 June 2013 on organised crime, corruption, and money laundering: recommendations on action a 11/06/2013 FRA mandate

... "9. Recommends that the Member States, in cooperation with the Commission and the European Parliament and with the support of Europol, Eurojust and the Fundamental Rights Agency, devise EU-level indicators, which should be as uniform and consistent as possible, to measure, at least, the extent and costs of and social harm caused by organised crime, corruption and money laundering occurring in the EU;" ...

 

... 128. "Calls for a European Public Prosecutor’s Office to be established as provided for in Article 86 TFEU, in particular to combat, investigate, prosecute and bring to judgement crimes affecting the EU’s financial interests and serious offences of a crossborder nature; recommends that the future office should have an efficient and streamlined structure and should be given the task of coordinating and encouraging national authorities so as to make investigations more coherent through uniform procedural rules; considers it essential that the Commission should present a proposal before September 2013 clearly defining the structure of the European Public Prosecutor’s Office, its accountability to the European Parliament and, in particular, its interaction with Europol, Eurojust, OLAF and the Fundamental Rights Agency, and that the EPPO should be supported by a clear procedural rights framework, with the offences over which it is to have authority being clearly defined;" ...

to Draft opinion Implementation of Council Directive 2000/78/EC of 27 November 2000 establishing a general framework for equal t 10/06/2013 Discrimination

Two amendments are directly mentioning FRA while others draw from our still confidential opinion on the EU equality directives:

  • Amend 5 (C. Moraes) mentioning lack of legal clarity in relation to Multiple Discrimination.
  • Amend. 7 (C.Moraes): need to improve awareness raising on EU Antidiscrimination legislation.
  • Amend. 12: (K.GONCZ): Reference to FRA access to justice in case of discrimination report.
  • Amend. 20 (In’t Veld; Romeva): Reference to FRA EU LGBT Survey.
Parliamentary questions - Homophobia and discrimination — study by the European Fundamental Rights Agency E-006517-13 06/06/2013 LGBT rights

Question for written answer to the Commission

The results of the survey launched by the European Fundamental Rights Agency (FRA) in April 2012 were announced on 17 May 2013. The survey, in which 93 000 European Union residents took part, provides a more accurate picture of the situation for lesbians, gays, bisexuals and transsexuals (LGBT) in the Union and what type of strategy should be drawn up to combat homophobia and discrimination more effectively.

The results of this study show that, on average, 47% of LGBT people felt that they had been discriminated against or harassed, with the percentage rising to 61% in Lithuania, which is sadly placed at the top of the list of European countries in this regard. A quick glance at these figures is enough to prompt a reflection on equality as a fundamental right and principle in our democracy, but one which is severely weakened when millions of people in the Union feel that they have suffered discrimination because of their sexual orientation or gender identity. One of the areas explored in this large-scale survey is education, where the figures show that homophobic and transphobic harassment in educational settings is widespread. More than 90% of respondents said that they had witnessed jeers or negative comments against a schoolmate who was perceived to be LGBT.

The European Parliament has spoken out on issues of equality, sexual orientation and gender identity on several occasions, one prominent example being the resolution of 24 May 2012 on the fight against homophobia in Europe(1), given its close links to the findings of the FRA study. In paragraphs 6, 7 and 8 of its resolution, Parliament calls on the Commission to carefully examine the results of this survey, to provide full and comprehensive information on the incidence of homophobia and the solutions and actions proposed to overcome it, and to produce a comprehensive roadmap for equality without discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation or gender identity.

What strategy will the Commission follow to meet Parliament's requests in the light of the findings of the FRA survey?

Will the Commission play a more active role in relation to the Council directive on implementing the principle of equal treatment between persons irrespective of religion or belief, disability, age or sexual orientation, which is currently blocked owing to the objections of certain Member States?

Parliamentary questions - Homophobia and discrimination — study by the European Fundamental Rights Agency E-006516-13 06/06/2013 LGBT rights

Question for written answer to the Council
 

The results of the survey launched by the European Fundamental Rights Agency (FRA) in April 2012 were announced on 17 May 2013. The survey, in which 93 000 European Union residents took part, provides a more accurate picture of the situation for lesbians, gays, bisexuals and transsexuals (LGBT) in the Union and what type of strategy should be drawn up to combat homophobia and discrimination more effectively.

The results of this study show that, on average, 47% of LGBT people felt that they had been discriminated against or harassed, with the percentage rising to 61% in Lithuania, which is sadly placed at the top of the list of European countries in this regard. A quick glance at these figures is enough to prompt a reflection on equality as a fundamental right and principle in our democracy, but one which is severely weakened when millions of people in the Union feel that they have suffered discrimination because of their sexual orientation or gender identity. One of the areas explored in this large-scale survey is education, where the figures show that homophobic and transphobic harassment in educational settings is widespread. More than 90% of respondents said that they had witnessed jeers or negative comments against a schoolmate who was perceived to be LGBT.

The European Parliament has spoken out on issues of equality, sexual orientation and gender identity on several occasions, one prominent example being the resolution of 24 May 2012 on the fight against homophobia in Europe(1), given its close links to the findings of the FRA study. Both the resolution and the results of the survey highlight the fact that European society does not fully accept the application of the principle of equality in relation to sexual orientation and gender identity. This is unacceptable, and the Council should prioritise the issue and relaunch work on the directive on implementing the principle of equal treatment between persons irrespective of religion or belief, disability, age or sexual orientation, which is currently blocked owing to the objections of certain Member States.

What steps will the Council take finally to unblock work on the directive on implementing the principle of equal treatment between persons irrespective of religion or belief, disability, age or sexual orientation?

Intergroup on LGBT Rights: EU: One in two LGBT people discriminated against, new study finds 17/05/2013 LGBT rights

Press release of EP Intergroup on LGBT Rights about the EU LGBT survey Findings

Amendments to the Draft report Situation of unaccompanied minors in the EU (2012/2263(INI)) 13/05/2013 Rights of the child

Amendment 79
Antigoni Papadopoulou
Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 8 a (new)
- 8a. Highlights that effective mechanisms shall be put in place for the prevention, identification, reporting, referral, investigation, treatment and follow-up of incidents of trafficking, labour and sexual exploitation and other forms of mistreatment;
(SEPAC, Concluding remarks, p.82)

Amendment 161
Antigoni Papadopoulou
Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 16 – indent 3 c (new)
- access to information and use of the media (radio, tv, internet) in order to satisfy their communication needs;
(SEPAC, Considerations, p.43)

Amendment 164
Antigoni Papadopoulou
Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 16 – indent 4
- the right to health and special treatment when needed (i.e. access to rehabilitation services) for minors who have been victims of any form of abuse, exploitation, torture or cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment or who have been affected by armed conflicts;

(SEPAC, Healthcare, p.33)

EP Intergroup on LGBT Rights - Press release "European Parliament tells Commission to step up work on transgender issues" 16/04/2013 LGBT rights

..."Next month, the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights will publish data from the largest-ever European LGBT survey, including on discrimination faced by transgender people in the EU and Croatia."...
 

European Parliament resolution of 14 March 2013 on strengthening the fight against racism, xenophobia and hate crime (2013/2543( 14/03/2013 Racism, xenophobia & related intolerance

 ..."G.  whereas the Fundamental Rights Agency (FRA) has reported that every fourth person from a minority group has experienced a racially-motivated crime and that up to 90% of all assaults or threats experienced by migrants or members of ethnic minority groups are not reported to the police; whereas only four EU Member States collect or publish data on anti-Roma crime and only eight record crime motivated by the victim's (perceived) sexual orientation;" ...
 

Parliamentary question - Subject: Stepping up the fight against hate crime in the EU (O-000020/2013) 25/02/2013 Racism, xenophobia & related intolerance

..."A recent report by the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) notes that the majority of Member States still lack mechanisms to gather data about such acts, as most of them remain unreported. "...
 

Parliamentary question - Subject: Strengthening the fight against hate crimes in the EU - O-000019/2013 25/02/2013 Racism, xenophobia & related intolerance

... "A recent report from the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) notes that a majority of Member States still lack mechanisms to gather data on such acts, as most remain unreported." ...
 

EP Question for oral answer - Subject: Making hate crime visible in the EU O-000002/2013 24/01/2013 Racism, xenophobia & related intolerance

..."The Fundamental Rights Agency (FRA) reports that every fourth person from a minority group has experienced a hate crime, with up to 90% of these incidents not reported to the police" ...
 

Parliamentary questions - Subject: Making hate crime visible in the EU O-000003/2013 23/01/2013 Racism, xenophobia & related intolerance

... "The Fundamental Rights Agency (FRA) reports that every fourth person from a minority group has experienced a hate crime, with up to 90% of these incidents not reported to the police(1)." ...
 

EP - Plenary sitting - Report on the situation of fundamental rights in the European Union (2010 - 2011) (2011/2069(INI)) 12/12/2012 FRA mandate

..."L.  whereas the May 2012 joint study by the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA), the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the World Bank on the situation of the Roma confirms that the Roma suffer discrimination throughout Europe and that their situation is worse than that of all non-Roma in comparable situations; whereas the discrimination and increased violence against them in EU Member States are rooted in latent anti-Gypsy attitudes,"...
..."6. Calls on the Commission – and the Council, where it initiates legislation – to make systematic use of external independent expertise, notably from the Fundamental Rights Agency, during the preparation of impact assessments;"...
..."138. Recalls that access to health care is a fundamental right and calls, in particular, on Member States to make this right accessible in practice, including for irregular migrants, especially pregnant women and minors, thus taking up the concerns expressed by the Agency for Fundamental Rights in its report of 11October 2011;"...

Opinion of the Committee on Foreign Affairs on Corporate Social Responsibility 05/12/2012 FRA mandate

Suggestions

..."6. Calls for greater policy coherence to be established at EU level by bringing public procurement, export credit, good governance, competition, development, trade, investment and other policies and agreements into conformity with the international human rights, social and environmental standards laid down in the relevant OECD and UN guidelines and principles:"..."recalls, while recognising the significance of the UN human rights framework for CSR, the importance of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, including Article 16 thereof, which guarantees the fundamental right to conduct a business, a right that should be duly taken into account and serve as a reference to support CSR policies in the EU; underlines the importance of balancing the freedom to conduct business with other rights guaranteed by the Charter, as well as with internationally recognised CSR principles and guidelines; welcomes, in this connection, the efforts of the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) to collect evidence and expertise concerning the existence and interpretation of the freedom to conduct business;"

EP Study: Evaluating current and forthcoming proposals on JHA databases and a smart borders system at EU external borders 01/11/2012 Asylum, immigration & integration of migrants

p. 53
..."4.2.2. Statistical surveillance and statistical discrimination
JHA Databases and smart borders work on the basis of ‘automated decision making’ parameters, which correspond with what has been denominated as ‘profiling’ or ‘predictive data-mining’ in the EU security field (Hildebrandt and Gutwirth, 2008)."..."In the field of law enforcement more concretely, profiling is used ‘to select’ a group of people as a potential risk or a threat – such as ‘high risk travellers’, ‘suspicious traveller’, the visa ‘over-stayer’, etc, which may lead to discriminatory ethnic profiling (European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) (2010), Towards More Effective Policing – Understanding and Preventing Discriminatory Ethnic Profiling: A Guide, Vienna, 2010)."

EP Study: Towards an EU roadmap for equality on grounds of sexual orientation and gender identity 15/10/2012 LGBT rights

page 15/16:

..."The EU Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) has an important role in collecting data on LGBTI experiences to assist the development of policy tailored to LGBTI needs. The box below lists some of the reports on LGBTI concerns prepared by the FRA to date, and currently under preparation." ...
..."The FRA also plays an important role in training among EU and Member State officials. It organises roundtables and expert workshops to this effect, including for example a roundtable on rights of transgender people (22-23 September 2011) which brought together representatives of the EU institutions, international organisations, national governments, equality bodies and civil society organisations."...

European Parliament resolution of 24 May 2012 on the fight against homophobia in Europe (2012/2657(RSP)) 24/05/2012 LGBT rights

Situation in the European Union

..."5. Draws attention to the findings of the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights in its report ‘Homophobia, transphobia and discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation and gender identity'; calls on the Commission and Member States to implement the opinions contained therein to the greatest possible extent;"...

European Parliament / DG Internal Policies " EU Framework of Law for children Rights" April 2012 01/04/2012 Rights of the child

p. 24
... "In a report by the Fundamental Rights Agency of the European Union (FRA), the FRA has developed indicators for the protection, respect and promotion of children's rights in the
Union on the basis of EU competence in this area. These indicators cover such areas as family environment and alternative care, protection from exploitation and violence,
education, citizenship and cultural activities, and adequate standard of living."...

p. 32
... "In July 2007 the Commission asked the EU’s Fundamental Rights Agency (FRA) to develop indicators measuring the respect, protection and promotion of the rights of the child for use in future research on the impact of EU activities on children."...

European Parliament resolution of 14 March 2012 on the 2011 progress report on the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia - provi 14/03/2012 Discrimination

... "40. Welcomes the establishment of an Anti-Discrimination Commission this year and calls for the European Union's Fundamental Rights Agency and in the Equinet Network of European independent anti-discrimination agencies to fully support and cooperate with its work; welcomes the fact that three complaints of alleged discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation brought forward by the Coalition for Sexual and Health Rights are being investigated by the Commission;".....

European Parliament / Annual report on equality between women and men in the European Union - 2012 05/03/2012 LGBT rights

... "-having regard to the Fundamental Rights Agency’s Report on Homophobia, Transphobia and discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation and gender identity (2010),"....

 

European Parliament resolution of 15 December 2011 on detention conditions in the EU (2011/2897(RSP)) 15/02/2012 Access to justice

... "3. Calls on the Commission and the Fundamental Rights Agency to monitor the situation as regards detention conditions in the EU, and support the Member States in their efforts to ensure that their laws and policies are consistent with the highest standards in the field(19)" ...

EP resolution on the recent political development in Hungary (PE483.154v01-00) 14.02.2012 14/02/2012 FRA mandate

..."(6) Instructs the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs, in cooperation with the European Commission, the Council of Europe and the Venice Commission, to follow up the issue of whether and how the recommendations of the Commission and the European Parliament set out in point 4 of this resolution have been implemented and to present its findings in a report; (para.6)

European Parliament resolution of 14 December 2011 on the EU Counter-Terrorism Policy: main achievements and future challenges ( 14/12/2011 Data protection

..."25. Stresses that a proper evaluation of ten years of counter-terrorism policies should focus on examining whether the measures taken to prevent and combat terrorism in the EU have been evidence-based (and not based on assumptions), needs-driven, coherent and part of a comprehensive EU counter-terrorism strategy , based on an in-depth and complete appraisal, to be carried out in line with Article 70 of the TFEU, with the Commission reporting back to a Joint Parliamentary Meeting of the European Parliament and national parliamentary committees responsible for overseeing counter-terrorism activities within six months of the study being commissioned, drawing upon reports to be requested from relevant organisations and agencies such as Europol, Eurojust, the Fundamental Rights Agency, the European Data Protection Supervisor, the Council of Europe and the United Nations;"

..."43. Calls on the European Data Protection Supervisor and the Fundamental Rights Agency to report on the level of protection of fundamental rights and personal data in the field of EU Counter-Terrorism Policy;"...

European Commission
Document Title Date Area Abstract
European Commission calls on Member States to step up efforts on Roma integration 26/06/2013 Roma

... "The Commission has analysed the progress made in 2012 in implementing national strategies on the basis of Member States' input, and contributions from experts and civil society, as well as findings brought out by the FRA”. ...

...“Finally, to help Member States measure progress on Roma integration, the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) set up an ad hoc working group. Its main objective is to help participating Member States set up effective monitoring mechanisms to obtain reliable and comparable results”. ...

...“As highlighted by the working group on monitoring set up by the FRA, a monitoring system should be able to provide accurate feedback to governments at various levels: on the one hand, on progress towards the goals in the national strategy and in the local action plans; and on the other hand, on improvements in the socio-economic situation of Roma and in their fundamental rights compared to the majority population (monitoring ‘the gap’)”....

...“They are marginalised and mostly live in very bad socio-economic conditions. On average, only one in two Roma children attend pre-school or kindergarten; participation in education drops considerably after compulsory school with only 15% of young Roma adults completing upper-secondary education; on average, fewer than one in three Roma report to be in employment; 20 % are not covered by health insurance and 90 % are living below the poverty line. (findings of the FRA Roma pilot survey)”...

...“With the support of the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights and in line with applicable national and EU law, the Member States should define core indicators and data collection methods to measure progress on a regular basis, particularly at local level, enabling efficient reporting and comparison between the situation of Roma and non-Roma in and across Member States.”...

...“The Commission will report once a year in spring – next report will be in 2014 – to the European Parliament and to the Council on progress made on the four pillars of education, employment, health and housing, based on information provided by the Member States, on data collected by the EU Fundamental Rights Agency and on the contributions received from civil society organisations”....

 

4th Annual report on immigration and asylum COM(2013) 422 final 17/06/2013 Asylum, immigration & integration of migrants

Footnote 116: E.g., the guidance document "Apprehension of migrants in an irregular situation – fundamental rights considerations" developed by the Fundamental Rights Agency in 2012 should be taken into account in apprehension practices.

Parliamentary questions: Answer given by Mrs Reding on behalf of the Commission E-003266-13 03/05/2013 Racism, xenophobia & related intolerance

... "The Commission is also supporting the collection of data on experiences of hate crime by the EU Fundamental Rights Agency." ...
 
... "To date the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights has collected and published data on immigrants and ethnic minorities’ experiences of criminal victimisation, including hate crime."
 

Communication from the Commission - Establishing a European Law Enforcement Training Scheme - COM(2013) 172 final 27/03/2013 Human rights education

specific references to the FRA, its current and future role in the context of police training

Commission staff working document - Evidence on demographic and social Trends – Social Policies' Contribution to Inclusion, Empl 20/03/2013 Roma

... "Ethnic minorities, including the Roma, are not identified in the EU-SILC. However, 2011 survey data provided by the Fundamental Rights Agency (FRA), the United Nations Development Programme and the World Bank show that Roma experience more severe poverty and social exclusion than other groups in the societies in which they live."...
 

SWD (2012) 281 final - Commission Staff working document - on the implementation of the Action Plan on Unaccompanied Minors 28/09/2012 Asylum, immigration & integration of migrants

I. INTRODUCTION
p.3
Document is based on information provided by the European Commission, European External Actions Service (EEAS), the EU Agencies – European Asylum Support Office (EASO), Fundamental Rights Agency (FRA) and Frontex – and 24 Member States.
p.6
In 2011, Frontex conducted the joint operation Hammer at air borders, which focused on trafficking and irregular migration involving children. IOM, UNHCR, FRA, and EASO were involved in the development of operational guidelines on how to deal with children at the external borders in order to present best practice and possible indicators of irregular migration involving children. The organisations participated in most operational briefings making presentations, together with Frontex staff, on the guidelines recommending how to deal with children.

IV. RECEPTION AND PROCEDURAL GUARANTEES
IV.1.4. Actions in other areas
p.43
On the basis of Article 5 of the Co-operation Arrangement between Frontex and FRA, the FRA developed a fundamental rights training programme for Frontex staff, which covers child protection with a focus on unaccompanied or separated asylum-seeking children and survivors of torture and who need special treatment. The aim is to enhance Frontex staff’s skills on child protection so that they consider this in their projects and activities.

Parliamentary questions - Answer given by Mrs Reding on behalf of the Commission (E-005192/2012) 28/06/2012 Racism, xenophobia & related intolerance

... "The working definition of anti-Semitism developed by the Fundamental Rights Agency is not a legal text, but a guide for organisations that collect data on antisemitic incidents in order to increase the comparability of collected data. "...

COM(2012) 286 final - The EU Strategy towards the Eradication of Trafficking in Human Beings 2012-2016 19/06/2012 Rights of the child

2.1. PRIORITY A: Identifying, protecting and assisting victims of trafficking
p.7 (3) Action 3: Protection of Child Victims of Trafficking
..."In addition, with respect to child trafficking, there is at present no uniform definition of a guardian and/or representative across the Member States and their roles, qualifications and understanding of competences vary from one Member State to another. In 2014, together with the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, the Commission intends to develop a best practice model on the role of guardians and/or representatives of child victims of trafficking."...

2.4. PRIORITY D: Enhanced coordination and cooperation among key actors and policy coherence
p.13 (5) Action 5: Strengthen the fundamental rights in anti-trafficking policy and related
actions
..."Important work has also been done by various organisations and bodies, namely the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights and the Council of Europe. Moreover, a tool for civil society organisations to assess policy and legislation on trafficking in human beings and a tool to give guidance on fundamental rights in Commission impact assessments have been developed.

To strengthen existing instruments, and building upon its past and on-going work on trafficking, in 2014 the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, will start to develop a tool, such as a handbook or a guide, to assist Member States in addressing fundamental rights issues specifically related to anti-trafficking policy and related actions, which will take into account relevant structures, processes, and outcomes and will focus on the rights of victims, incorporating a gender perspective and the best interests of the child. As a next step, the Commission will, through the future justice funding programmes assist Member States in implementing this tool."...

Opinion on a possible EU awareness raising campaign on violence against women and girls (VAWG) - EC - EU Advisory Committee 23/05/2012 Gender

RECOMMENDATIONS
C. Recommendations for a campaign

  • Framework for the EU Campaign
  • Ensure that the European Commission’s work is linked with and does not duplicate the work of other European Agencies, in particular the FRA and the EIGE.
COM(2012) 226 final - Communication of 21 May 2012 on National Roma Integration Strategies: a first step in the implementation o 21/05/2012 Roma

p.16 
4. The way forward

  • Monitor transformation and enable policy adjustment

..."The EU's Fundamental Rights Agency will continue its surveys across the EU and work closely with the Member States to support them in developing robust national monitoring systems."...

 

SPEECH/12/358 - A need for strong European leadership to combat discrimination, Cecilia Malmström, European Commissioner respons 15/05/2012 LGBT rights

...The Commission has also asked the Fundamental Rights Agency to conduct a survey to obtain a complete picture on the discrimination, hate speech and hate crime against LGBTI people in all EU Member States.
I suspect that the results of the survey will make it obvious that we also need a comprehensive strategy within the EU to be able to really address the problems and improve the situation."... 

SPEECH/12/316 - Strong and independent data protection authorities: the bedrock of the EU's data protection reform 03/05/2012 Data protection

"In last year's annual report of the Working Party, the Commission therefore introduced clear indicators that should allow us to assess the current level of funding [of Data Protection Authorities] and draw comparisons. The Fundamental Rights Agency has also carried out a very useful study."
...
"I am also willing to support you on this on the basis of similar experiences the Commission has made in other sectors of regulation, such as energy, telecoms, or competition. And finally, I am also prepared to intensify the work with the Fundamental Rights Agency."...

 

COM(2012) 169 final - 2011 Report on the Application of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights 16/04/2012 Racism, xenophobia & related intolerance

"According to the 2011 Annual Report of the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights, '10 of the 12 Member States, which publish sufficient criminal justice data on racist crime to be able to undertake an analysis of trends, experienced an upward trend in recorded racist crime' during the period 2000-2009." ...

Commission Decision of 14 February 2012 setting up the Commission expert group on policy needs for data on crime and repealing D 15/02/2012 FRA mandate

..."Article 4 - Membership - appointment"

"1. The group shall be composed of a maximum of 55 members. The members shall be:"
... 
"(b) the following EU bodies, networks and agencies: the European Crime Prevention Network (EUCPN), the European Monitoring Centre on Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA), Eurojust, the European Police Office (Europol), the European Agency for the Management of Operational Cooperation at the External Borders of the Member States of the European Union (Frontex) and the Fundamental Rights Agency (FRA);" ...

Article on theparliament.com - Violence against women: Viviane Reding 23/11/2011 Gender

"Reliable data would allow us to assess the real extent of the problem and to find appropriate solutions. The Fundamental Rights Agency (FRA) is currently working on an EU-wide survey on violence against women that will be presented in 2013.

The survey’s main objective is to provide reliable and comparable data on women’s experiences of various types of physical, sexual and psychological violence by current and former partners and non-partners to enable the commission to take the appropriate follow-up."

Council of the European Union
Document Title Date Area Abstract
Council conclusions on fundamental rights and rule of law and on the Commission 2012 Report on the Application of the Charter of 07/06/2013 Racism, xenophobia & related intolerance

... "The Council looks forward to receiving the forthcoming report pursuant to Article 10(2) of the Council Framework Decision 2008/913/JHA of 28 November 2008 on combating certain forms and expressions of racism and xenophobia by means of criminal law for assessing the effectiveness of the existing EU legal norms on fighting hate crimes." ...

... "The Council looks forward to receiving the Commission’s reflection in due course on the completion of this process of dialogue, to working with the Commission in this process, and to giving further consideration at its forthcoming meetings to the possible need for and possible shape of methods or initiatives to better safeguard fundamental values, in particular the rule of law and the fundamental rights of persons in the Union and to counter extreme forms of intolerance, such as racism, anti-Semitism, xenophobia and homophobia." ...

EU statement at the thematic debate “Discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation and gender identity” - Committee of Ministe 18/09/2012 LGBT rights

.... "The EU strongly supports the Council of Europe's action aiming at combating all forms of discrimination against lesbians, gays, bisexuals and transgender persons. The EU is ready to strengthen cooperation with the Council of Europe in this field - as it is mentioned in the EU Strategic Framework and Action Plan on Human Rights and Democracy – on the basis of complementarity. In particular the EU is prepared to develop a strategy on how to cooperate with third countries, including within the Council of Europe.

Concerning possible cooperation measures, the EU welcomes the Secretary General's suggestion contained in document SG/Inf(2012)24 to expand to all Council of Europe's member states the EU Fundamental Rights Agency’s methodology on LGBT data collection."
 

Council of the European Unon - 13847/12 Note from Presidency - Apprehension of migrants in an irregular situation 18/09/2012 Asylum, immigration & integration of migrants

Delegations will find attached a series of considerations from the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights concerning the apprehension of immigrants in an irregular situation.

Council conclusions on the 2011 report from the Commission 26/06/2012 FRA mandate

.."10. The data collected by the Fundamental Rights Agency on specific thematic topics and opinions given in accordance with its mandate remain an important tool for the EU institutions and its Member States in many matters related to the implementation of EU law. The Council appreciates the role of the Agency in raising awareness about when the Charter applies and about where to turn to when fundamental rights have been violated, including through the further development of its dedicated Charterpedia web-database and application.

11. Bearing in mind the invitation made in the Stockholm Program, the Council encourages all EU institutions and the Member States to make full use of the expertise of the Agency and to consult with the Agency, where appropriate and in line with its mandate, on the development of legislation and policies with implications for fundamental rights. Furthermore, the Council invites the Agency, in the reports drafted with its thematic areas, to take into account how the Charter is being applied. The Council finally reiterates its commitment to discuss the findings and recommendations of the Agency's annual reports and, where appropriate, other reports, in the Working Party on Fundamental Rights, Citizens' Rights and Free Movement of Persons or in other preparatory bodies of the Council, depending on the subject matter of the report."...

UN, OSCE and other international organisations
Document Title Date Area Abstract
CMW – Draft general comment No. 2 on the rights of migrant workers in an irregular situation and members of their families 01/12/2012 Asylum, immigration & integration of migrants

C. Protection of economic, social and cultural rights of migrant workers in an irregular situation and members of their families (Part III)
3. Right to urgent medical care (art. 28)
..."65. The Committee concurs with the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights that access to urgent medical care must be ensured to all migrant workers on the basis of equality of treatment with nationals and thus on a non-discriminatory basis.  Although medical care must not necessarily be free of charge, equality of treatment requires that the same rules for payment of fees or exemption from payment apply to migrant workers and members of their families as to nationals (See European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA), Fundamental rights of migrants in an irregular situation in the European Union (November 2011), p. 12. )."...
4.         Right to education (art. 30)
..."69. Article 30 states that access to public preschool educational institutions or schools shall not be refused or limited by reason of the irregular situation of the child or of either parent. In particular, States parties shall not require schools to report data on the regular or irregular status of pupils or their parents to immigration authorities or conduct immigration enforcement operations on or near school premises (See European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA), Fundamental rights of migrants in an irregular situation in the European Union (November 2011), p. 92.), as this would limit migrant children’s access to education."...

OHCHR: Human Rights Indicators: A Guide to Measurement and Implementation 07/11/2012 Discrimination

..."Box 23. Measuring discrimination
Some useful statistical tools [...] are:"
..."

  • Population surveys measuring experiences, perceptions and attitudes regarding discrimination (e.g., percentage of members of ethnic minorities reporting racially motivated victimization and discrimination by public/private personnel); (See, for instance, European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, EU-MIDIS: European Union Minorities and Discrimination Survey (2009). Available from fra.europa.eu/fraWebsite/minorities/minorities_en.htm.)"...
     

 

ECtHR - Judgment / Case Yordanova and Others v. Bulgaria - Application no. 25446/06 24/09/2012 Roma

.... "80. In October 2009 the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights issued a comparative report on the housing conditions of Roma and travellers in the EU.

81. According to the report, significant numbers of Roma in Europe live in unauthorised settlements. For example, in 2002 an estimated 70% of houses in urban Romani developments in Bulgaria were illegally built, in 1999 in Greece approximately 63,000 Roma lived in unregulated encampments and in 2008 in France most Roma groups lived in squalid shantytowns.

82. The report also mentioned cases of forced evictions of such encampments, in particular in Italy and Greece." ...
 

International Juvenile Justice Observatory - Press Room 31/05/2012 Asylum, immigration & integration of migrants

..."Recognizing the importance of networking and dialogue opportunities that the Platform offers, OIJJ works closely with the FRA to include juvenile justice issues in the European agenda and participates actively in the activities of the FRP. This year's meeting focused on the victims' rights, the phenomena of under-reporting and multiple discrimination experienced by the victims. "...

..."The OIJJ recognizes the crucial importance of the work on EU and Council of Europe level and coordination between the stakeholders, both civil society and the regional power structures. Also, as this list of recent success demonstrates, those are the fora where the cause of Global Juvenile Justice can be brought forward and seen to trickle down to national level."...

Roma Early Childhood Inclusion - report 06/03/2012 Roma

p.12
..."The social exclusion of the Roma is greatly reinforced by the discrimination and prejudice of the majority population. The National Reports and various European surveys (notably the Gallup Poll organised by EU Fundamental Rights Agency in 2009 and the EU Minorities and Discrimination Survey (EU-MIDIS, 2009) testify to the widespread prejudice against Roma groups in the four countries. Prejudice ranges from negative stereotyping to political extremism, with threatening marches on neighbourhoods, used to injure, intimidate or evict Roma residents.)."...

p.23
..."Roma families still endure grinding poverty and anintolerable health and housing situation. In some domains, such as employment and the segregation of Roma children in special education, their situation has actually worsened in the past ten years. For example, in a survey organised by the European Fundamental Rights Agency, 17 per cent of Roma interviewed indicated that they had experienced discrimination by public health-care personnel in the previous twelve months."...

12th UN Congress on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice on crime prevention and criminal justice responses to violence against 05/02/2012 Asylum, immigration & integration of migrants

 p.8
..."23. The little research and few statistics available on the victimization of migrants present one unequivocal finding: members of minorities, whether nationals or members of an ethnic minority, or of foreign origin or non-nationals, are currently overrepresented in the criminal justice system, both as offenders and victims. When data are available, they suggest that migrants fall victim to a wide variety of crimes that often go unreported."...

p.9
..."24. Victimization rates are usually higher among migrants than among nationals (sometimes disproportionately higher, by a factor of six or more) for both property crimes and violent crimes. For example, in the 27 member States of the European Union, one in every four persons belonging to a minority group was a victim of crime at least once in 2008. In Europe, migrants from sub-Saharan Africa are the most victimized. On average, minorities in general are victims of personal theft, assault or threats of violence more often than the majority population."...

p.11
..."38. Crime aside, there are many other forms of violence directed at migrants which could be categorized as discrimination. Migrants usually suffer high levels of discriminatory treatment. A European study, for instance, shows that discrimination, in the areas of education and employment is particularly problematic for some groups, hindering their access to opportunities in those areas.38 This is a significant finding in that education and paid employment hold the key to successful integration and social inclusion."...

European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, EU-MIDIS European Union Minorities and Discrimination Survey: Main Results Report, (Vienna, 2009)

UN - General Assembly A/HR/19/41 17.11.2011 - Discriminatory laws and practices and acts of violence 17/11/2011 LGBT rights

p.11
..."A 2011 report of the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights found that lesbian and bisexual women are more likely to experience sexual and other assaults in private settings than gay or bisexual men, who are more likely to be attacked by unknown perpetrators. The perpetrators are usually young men in groups."...

Homophobia, Transphobia and Discrimination on Grounds of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in the EU Member States: Summary of Findings, Trends, Challenges and Promising Practices", European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, Vienna, 2011, p. 13.

p.17 - VI. Discriminatory practices. A. Discrimination in employment.
..."53. Discrimination can lead to harassment and violence within and outside workplace confines.95 Surveys indicate that verbal harassment of LGBT employees is commonplace."...

European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, "Homophobia and Discrimination on Grounds of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity: Part II - the Social Situation", 2009, Vienna, pp. 63-64.

Guidelines for educators on countering intolerance / OSCE 2011 28/10/2011 FRA mandate

FRA, as an advisory body, helps to ensure that the fundamental rights of people living in the EU are protected. It collects evidence about the situation of fundamental rights across the European Union and provides advice, based on evidence, about how to improve the situation. The FRA also informs people about their fundamental rights, including in relation to combating intolerance and discrimination against Muslims. It has issued several reports on intolerance and discrimination against Muslims in the EU.

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