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Perverted justice shown in a German Fairy tale and caricatures in the Nazi propaganda paper ’Der Stürmer’

The project was divided into two parts:

  • The anti-Semitic Brothers Grimm fairytale: Der Jude im Dorn/The Jew among Thorns, and its presentation in the web (awareness raising, result-orientated commentary, successful result)
  • The process of legalized racist outlawing by biased texts and caricatures. Paradigmatic cases of racist judgment shown in the films: Leo and Claire (2001), Judgment of Nuremberg (1961) and Jump (2008)

Subjects: German, English, History (Political History)

 

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Task          

Date

Introduction: Brainstorming ideas.

Stereotyping: Positive and negative stereotypes. What is a stereotype? Ethnic groups and nations and their stereotypes. E.g. The Germans are well organized; the Irish are good musicians and poets, vs. negative clichés: The Germans tend towards strict rules; the Irish are heavy drinkers etc.

What do you know about Jewish people? Stereotypes? Religious values.

Introductory notes: From a Grim(m) Tale to no tale.

 

Paradigm A: German literature – A fairytale: Grimm brothers: The Jew among Thorns (1819) – a grim tale of injustice and outlawing. Google-commentary on the story. (Please see Annex 2 and 3)

Team 1: Find out how many English internet pages present the Brothers Grimm fairy tale.

Team 2: Look for commentary and recommendations for age groups etc. Present your results and write a commentary to the fairytale.

Team 3: What kind of stereotypes/prejudices about Jews and applied in the fairytale?

Team 4: Discuss the problem of justice in the fairytale. Who is the ‘real’ criminal in the story? How are ‘double standards’ shown?

Team 5: How is the ‘Jew’ in the story ‘outlawed’? Refer to famous outlaws like Robin Hood. Find out about other famous outlaws and make a list. Pick one outlaw and find out about their motifs of action. Tell their story to the other teams. Discuss.

All teams present their results. Panel discussion: Which groups were gradually ‘outlawed’ in Nazi Germany (and later in all other countries under NS rule)

 

Paradigm B: Legalized racist outlawing shown in newspapers and films. (See Annex 4 for materials).

 

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Objectives and Rationale
a.     Content and Context

Awareness-raising of racist/ anti-Semitic contents in the worldwide web – the impact of protests – encouragement by positive effects/results.
Awareness-raising of human rights violations presented in paradigmatic films focusing on the process of outlaw-ing by racist judges/judgments.

b.    Pedagogical/Didactic Aims
Increased ability to recognize biased texts, caricatures by critical reading and viewing.
Increased preparedness/ courage to intervene whenever detecting racist remarks/pages/comments in the web, newspapers etc.
Increased commitment for the defence of human rights.

Methodological Approaches

  • Brainstorming (stereotyping)
  • Critical Reading/Commentating on texts on the basis of diverse info material
  • Workshop – teamwork/group work
  • Text analysis – ‘biased language’, ‘the process of outlawing’
  • Media analysis – racist newspapers; films about racist judgements.


Practical Challenges Faced by the Coordinators and Resolution Strategies

Problem: How to squeeze it into the tightly packed curriculum.
Resolution: Connection with part of the curriculum
German: media education/19th century literature – Romantic Period/Fairytale
English: media education: human rights violation by biased texts
History/Political History media education, teaching the Holocaust on the basis of different material – newspapers, films, Internet texts.

Technical Equipment Requirements (if applicable)
Computer/Internet, DVD player

Primary Source Materials and Online resources
Brüder Grimm/Grimm Brothers: Der Jude im Dorn/The Jew among Thorns;
For the tale in English see: http://classiclit.about.com/library/bl-etexts/grimm/bl-grimm-jew.htm;
In German: http://www.1000-maerchen.de/fairyTale/865-der-jude-im-dorn.htm
Julius Streicher: Der Stürmer/The Stormtroop (1933-45) – online
Source material for especially interested students: Christiane Kohl: The Maiden and the Jew (2004)
Dr Lothat Kreyssig (ADL – Anti-Defamation League, Journal of Holocaust Studies, Volume 19, Fall 2006) – online.
Visual documentation (photos, scanned materials)
DVD Leo und Claire (Joseph Vilsmair, 2001); http://www.german-films.de/film-archive/browse-archive/?film_id=597&mode=filmarchive&tx_moviedb_pi2%5bview%5d=detail

Questions referring to the film, Leo und Claire:
Why is Irene Seiler considered to be ‘immoral’ by her neighborhood?
Which facts are the accusations based on, which Leo Katzberger gas to face at the trial?
How does the trial and the verdict show that Leo Katzenberger is – as a Jew – considered an outlaw and no longer a human being?

DVD Judgement at Nuremberg (Stanley Kramer, 1961); http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=6135313038301846211#.

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Perverted justice shown in a German Fairy tale and caricatures in the Nazi propaganda paper ’Der Stürmer’

Title of the Project
“Perverted justice shown in a German Fairy tale and caricatures in the Nazi propaganda paper ‘Der Stürmer’”

Name of Coordinator

Brigitte Stuiber

Name of School

HLW-Biedermannsdorf

EU Member State
Austria

Number of Students involved and their ages/grades
10-15 students were involved, between the ages of 15 and 19.

Involvement of Advisors and/or other Institutions (if applicable)

  • Irit Abramski, Yad Vashem
  • European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights