This Toolkit is released as an online beta version. Teachers are invited to share their experiences in using this Toolkit by emailing one of the project contacts.

Task

Date

Grant application to EVZ

 

Selection of team members to develop the Project

January 2010

Historical research

February - August 2010

Curriculum development

February - August 2010

Creation of exhibit

February - August 2010

Delivery of curriculum in workshops for adolescents an young adults

Since Septemberv2010

Evaluation of the Project

Ongoing

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Objectives and Rationale
a. Content and Context

The Project is based on the 75th anniversary of the passage of the Nürnberg Laws in 1935.  These Laws were a series of progressively harsher policies developed by the Nazi regime that took away civil rights of Jewish people and declared them second class citizens.  For example, the Law forbade marriages between Christians and Jews and then, over time, severely restricted and controlled the movement and life of Jews.  The Laws were the first step in the attempt by the Nazi regime to systematically annihilate Jewish people in Germany and then Europe.
The objectives of the Project are to commemorate and remember the Laws and their impact, and to explore the process of discrimination as it occurs today, through the development and delivery of a curriculum to use in workshops for adolescents and young adults.
The curriculum links the passage and implementation of the Laws with the current reality of various forms of discrimination in contemporary German society, including but not limited to, sexism, racism, ageism, discrimination against people with disabilities, homophobia, and of course, Anti-Semitism. In addition, the Curriculum presents information about Human Rights Laws today as a response in civil society to oppressive laws like the Nürnberg Laws.  

b. Pedagogical/Didactic Aims

  • to present information about the Nürnberg Laws
  • to present information about the levels at which oppression occurs  (personal/prejudice,  interper-sonal/harassment, and institutional/discrimination)
  • to create awareness of the impact of oppression both historically and today
  • to explore strategies for how individuals and groups in a civil society can respond to incidents of oppression

Methodological Approaches Methods
An exhibition that explores the process of oppression using the example of the Nuremberg Laws, and in addition, provides information about Human Rights Laws as an institutional response to oppression.
Visits to sites in Nuremberg that remember incidents of oppression (for example, the site of a synagogue that was destroyed by Nazis shortly after the passage of the Nuremberg Laws) and sites that commemorate and honor human rights activities (for example, the so-called Street of Human Rights, where the articles of the Human Rights Convention are publicly displayed in many languages.) And visiting a street which is named after a Jewish man who got executed as a result of the Nuremberg Laws specific information should be given here, including a possible link to Google earth.
Workshops, lasting from several hours to one day, for adolescents and young adults. The curriculum used in the workshops includes films, source material, case studies, role plays, personal sharing of experience with preju-dice, harassment, and discrimination, exercises to help participants better understand the impact of oppression, and opportunities to practice responding to incidents oppression that take place in the lives of participants.

Practical Challenges Faced by the Coordinators and Resolution Strategies
Challenges
Choosing which materials (historical and curricula) to use in the exhibition and curriculum; there are many materials on this subject and of course we needed to limit what we could do because of time limitation.
Selecting which materials to use, based on the particular needs of participants in the workshops and for various audiences in Nuremberg; for example, young people who are native Germans and relatively privileged, in general, find it difficult to understand and relate personally to the experience of oppression that is experienced by less privileged native Germans and most young people with an immigrant background, who typically have personally experienced discrimination.  
Fostering communication and understanding between groups who have different levels of awareness of oppression; a major challenge is helping participants who are relatively privileged listen to, and take seriously, the ex-periences of those participants who are directly impacted by oppression and are “experts” in their own experience of, and response to hatred. A similar challenge is supporting those participants who have been personally im-pacted in speaking up about their experience, despite not being taken seriously by those who have never been victims of forms of racism, Anti-Semitism or xenophobia.

Further Outcome of the Project
Continued delivery of the curriculum in workshops

Technical Equipment Requirements (if applicable)
Beamer, Laptop.

Primary Source Materials and Online Resources
“...und welcher Rasse gehören Sie an?” Zur Problematik des Begriffs “Rasse” in der Gesetzgebung
Kohl, Christiane: Der Jude und das Mädchen
Giere, Jacqueline; Kößler, Gottfriede: Gruppe. In: Fritz Bauer Institut: Konfrontationen. Bausteine für die päda-gogische Annährung an Geschichte und Wirkung des Holocaust, Heft 2, Fritz Bauer Institut.
Die Suche ist ein pädagogischer Comic über den Holocaust.
Mehrheit, Macht, Geschichte, 7 Biografien zwischen Verfolgung Diskriminierung und Selbstbehauptung   
Czollek, Leah Carola; Weinbach, Heike: Lernen in der Begegnung, Theorie und Praxis von Social Justice-Trainings
Liebscher, Doris: Antidiskriminierungspädagogik: Konzepte und Methoden für die Bildungsarbeit mit Jugendlichen
Mehrheit, Macht, Geschichte; Demokratie verstehen und leben;
DGB-Bildungswerk Thüringen e.V. )Hrsg.): Baustein zur nicht-rassistischen Bildungsarbeit 2003.
Methodenbox: Demokratie-Lernen und Anti-Bias Arbeit;
kompass; Handbuch zur Menschenrechtsbildung für die schulische und außerschulische Bildungsarbeit

Internet
http://www.politik-lernen.at/  http://www.zara.or.at/; www.ida-nrw.de
http://www.iwtc.org/ideas/24_equal.pdf  Ideen, Ressourcen und Methoden für interkulturelle Erziehung mit jungen Menschen und Erwachsenen (auf Englisch)
http://www.eduhi.at/dl/MachtSprache.pdf Macht und Sprache. Für einen sensibleren Umgang mit Sprache. Han-dreichung für Multiplikatori/innen
http://www.uibk.ac.at/gleichbehandlung/service/leitfaden_antidiskriminierung_allg.pdf Leitfaden zum Umgang mit rassistischen, sexistischen Äußerungen
http://lernen-aus-der-geschichte.de

Practical Suggestions for Adaptation and Implementation in the Educational System
The local historical context needs to be considered.
Curriculum needs to be adapted to each audience and group of participants in a workshop.

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Discrimination Affects All of Us

Title of the Project
Discrimination affects all of us

Name of the Coordinator
Helga Brandstätter (www.diskriminierung.menschenrechte.org/)

Name of the School
Many different schools in Germany

EU Member State
Germany

Number of Students Involved in the Project
The project is still ongoing

Ages and Grade Levels of the Students
Students 14 years and older

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