This Toolkit is released as an online beta version. Teachers are invited to share their experiences in using this Toolkit by emailing one of the project contacts.

To top

To top



Knowing the documents concerning the preservation of Human Rights

Research of documents:

Declaration of Human rights and citizen-1789

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR)  adopted by the United Nations General Assembly (10 December 1948 at the Palais de Chaillot, Paris)

The European Convention on Human Rights ROME 4 November 1950

2 hours

Emphasizing the importance of Human Rights legislation


To find the documents

To compare and find similarities and differences between the three documents

To know the human rights; evolution; principles; contents

Debate: In Romania during Ceausescu’s regime all were equal before the law.

This academic debate can be done with students from the former communist countries, or it can be work out for any totalitarian regime

2 hours

The Holocaust and Human Rights:

Power point presentation (see annex 5)


To deal with violation of human rights in Romania during the Antonescu’s regime

The movie “Holocaust in Romania

2 hours

To uphold and preserve of human rights in order to prevent crimes against humanity in the future

1 hour

To top

Objectives and Rationale
Content and Context

The aim is to make the students aware of the importance of preservation of the human rights and not forget the lesson of the Holocaust.

b. Pedagogical/Didactic Aims

  • To find, know and work on the documents related to Human Rights.
  • To select examples of human rights violations of during the Holocaust in Europe and in Romania.

Methodological Approaches
To compare and to evaluate historical and non-historical sources to establish their relevancy:

Students will find and bring the documents into the classroom.

The teacher will ask students to find out when the documents have been written, adopted, the number of articles.

Students will be split into groups working on five articles and try to find similarities and differences based on an analysis of the different historical contexts.

To select examples of human rights violations during the Holocaust in Europe and in Romania, and to provide background about the different historical contexts.

Students will analyze primary source documents from the Holocaust period and discuss them. As part of their critical thinking process, as led by the teacher, they will discuss human rights violations during the Holocaust period.

To deal with violation of human rights in Romania during the Antonescu’s regime

To build up explanations and to find out arguments to explain different events and historical process.

Students have to write an essay in 200 words (half sheet of paper) reflecting on their thoughts about what happened during the Holocaust period. A specific focus on the role of Romania during the Holocaust may be highlighted as well as the responsibility of the current generation to commemorate the Holocaust. .

Practical Challenges faced by the Coordinators and Resolution Strategies

Technical Equipment Requirements (if applicable)
Computer, video projector, films

Primary Source Materials and Online Resources

Yad Vashem educational online sources,

Universal Declaration of Human Rights,

To top

Mirela Popescu

Title of the Project
Human Rights and the Holocaust

Name of the Coordinator
Mirela Popescu

Name of the School
National College, “Mihai Eminescu”, Bucuresti,

EU Member State

Number of Students Involved in the Project and their ages/grades
30 students were involved from grade 12 (17-19 years)