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The EU and its Member States took a variety of important steps in 2013 to protect and promote fundamental rights by assuming new international commitments, revamping legislation and pursuing innovative policies on the ground. Yet, fundamental rights violations seized the spotlight with distressing frequency: would-be migrants drowned off the EU’s coast, unprecedented mass surveillance, racist and extremist-motivated murders, child poverty and Roma deprivation.
In response, the EU completed a series of important legal reforms, particularly in asylum, while Member States worked to transpose the EU Victims’ Directive into national law and pursued their national Roma integration strategies. Still, new laws on the books do not necessarily transform the situation on the ground. Crisis-driven austerity measures raised some fundamental rights concerns. A persisting gap between law and practice troubled a broad spectrum of human rights observers, particularly in asylum policy, Roma integration and child and victims’ rights.
This year's report also features two new chapters, one on Roma integration following the drawing up of the national Roma integration strategies and a second looking at the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights and especially its use before national courts as it approaches its fifth anniversary as a binding document.
- FOCUS - An EU internal strategic framework for fundamental rights: joining forces to achieve better results (pdf 418KB)
- CHARTER - The EU Charter of Fundamental Rights before national courts and non-judicial human rights bodies (pdf 421KB)
- Chapter 1: Asylum, immigration and integration (pdf 833KB)
- Chapter 2: Border control and visa policy (pdf 602KB)
- Chapter 5: Equality and non-discrimination (pdf 563KB)
- Chapter 7: Roma integration (pdf 565KB)
- Chapter 9: Rights of crime victims (pdf 791KB)
- Chapter 10: EU Member States and international obligations (pdf 731KB) and related online tables and figures
In this intricate and networked system, all levels contribute to the overall improvement of fundamental rights.
The tables and figures in this section focus on a number of core international obligations that the EU and its Member States have taken on, by looking at their formal acceptance of international human rights instruments, as well as the results of the international- and national-level monitoring linked to these instruments.
The tables and figures cover the following:
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- Acceptance of selected Council of Europe conventions
- Acceptance of European Social Charter provisions
- Conformity of national law and practice with European Social Charter provisions
- Applications allocated to a judicial formation (ECtHR) per 10,000 inhabitants
- Number of cases pending before ECtHR judicial formations
- Number of ECtHR judgments finding a violation
- Number of leading pending cases with average exeution time of more than five years
- Acceptance of selected UN conventions
- UN conventions with individual complaint mechanisms and number of cases
- Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities