Themes

Access to justice

Access to justice is a core fundamental right and a central concept in the broader field of justice. However, it is a right that faces a number of challenges throughout the EU.

Asylum, migration & borders

The rights of third-country nationals entering or staying in the EU are often not respected. This is sometimes because of insufficient implementation of legislation, poor knowledge of fundamental rights, or inadequately trained civil servants, and sometimes simply due to discrimination and xenophobia.

Gender

Equality is a core component of fundamental rights protection. Gender inequalities, nevertheless, persist in today's society and are often compounded by other forms of discrimination, preventing women from enjoying their full rights.

Hate crime

Violence and offences motivated by racism, xenophobia, religious intolerance, or by bias against a person’s disability, sexual orientation or gender identity are all examples of hate crime.

Information society, privacy and data protection

Safeguarding fundamental rights in today’s information society is a key issue for the EU and increasingly for FRA as more and more people use information and communications technologies (ICT) in their daily lives at work and at home.

LGBT

In many EU Member States, lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people face discrimination and harassment on a daily basis. Prejudices and misconceptions about homosexuality and transgender persons further fuel intolerant attitudes and behaviour towards this community.

People with disabilities

Some 80 million European Union citizens have a disability. People with disabilities are able to make an enormous contribution to European society, but often face barriers that prevent them from doing so.

Racism & related intolerances

Despite a number of legal instruments that offer protection against racism and related forms of intolerance, ethnic and religious minorities across the EU continue to face racism, discrimination, verbal and physical violence, and exclusion.

Rights of the child

Although the European Union has a number of mechanisms for protecting rights specific to children, many young people are not aware of the existence of any specific services and resources they can turn to, beyond family, friends or teachers, if they are in difficulty.

Roma

For more than a thousand years, Roma people have been an integral part of European civilisation. Today, with an estimated population of 10-12 million in Europe, approximately six million of whom live in the EU, Roma people are the biggest ethnic minority in Europe.