Data

Защита на данните, неприкосновеност на личния живот и нови технологии

<p>More of our everyday lives are online &mdash; both at work and home. Meanwhile, terror attacks intensify calls for more surveillance. Concerns grow over the safety of our privacy and personal data.</p>
<p>FRA helps lawmakers and practitioners protect your rights in a connected world.</p>

Highlights

  • Report / Paper / Summary
    18
    June
    2020
    This document presents data from the FRA Fundamental Rights Survey. It includes data on opinions and experiences of people in the European Union (EU) linked to data protection and technology.
  • Handbook / Guide / Manual
    25
    May
    2018
    Бързото развитие на информационните технологии изостря необходимостта от стабилна защита на личните данни, правото на която е гарантирано както от актовете на Европейския съюз (ЕС), така и от тези на Съвета на Европа (СЕ). Гарантирането на това важно право поражда нови и значителни предизвикателства, тъй като технологичният напредък разширява границите на такива области, като наблюдението, прихващането на комуникациите и съхранението на данните. Настоящият наръчник е предназначен да запознае практикуващите юристи, които не са специализирани в областта на защитата на данните, с тази нововъзникваща област на правото.
  • Инфографика
    Fundamental Rights Report 2019: 2018 was a landmark year for data protection. New EU rules took effect and complaints of breaches increased significantly.
  • Видеозапис
    This video blog by FRA Director Michael O'Flaherty is released periodically and will address burning fundamental rights themes.
Продукти
11
June
2020
Now available in all 24 official EU languages
12 August 2020
През 2019 г. отбелязахме както напредък, така и неуспехи по отношение на защитата на основните права. В Доклада на FRA относно основните права от 2020 г. е извършен преглед на важните развития в областта, като са посочени както постиженията, така и областите, които все още пораждат загриженост. В настоящата публикация са представени становищата на FRA относно основните развития в обхванатите тематични области и обзор на доказателствата в подкрепа на тези становища. По този начин в нея е даден стегнат, но съдържателен преглед на основните предизвикателства в областта на основните права, пред които са изправени ЕС и неговите държави членки.
11
June
2020
FRA’s Fundamental Rights Report 2020 reviews major developments in the field in 2019, identifying both achievements and areas of concern. It also presents FRA’s opinions on these developments, including a synopsis of the evidence supporting these opinions. This year’s focus chapter explores how to unlock the full potential of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights.
28
May
2020
The Coronavirus pandemic continues to interrupt everyday life in the EU in unprecedented ways. But the way it affects our societies is shifting. As governments gradually lift some of the measures put in place to contain the spread of COVID-19, new fundamental rights concerns arise: how to ensure that the rights to life and health are upheld as daily life transitions to a ‘new normal’. This Bulletin looks at declarations of states of emergency, or equivalent, and how they came under scrutiny. It considers the impact on fundamental rights in important areas of daily life, and includes a thematic focus on the processing of users’ data to help contain COVID-19, particularly by contact-tracing apps. It covers the period 21 March – 30 April 2020.
In this vlog Michael O'Flaherty outlines fundamental rights considerations when developing technological responses to public health, as he introduces the focus of FRA's next COVID-19 bulletin.
8
April
2020
The outbreak of COVID-19 affects people’s daily life in the 27 EU Member States. As the number of infected people in the EU territory began to mount rapidly in February and March, governments put in place a raft of measures – often introduced in a period of only a few days – in an effort to contain the spread of the virus. Many of these measures reflect how, in exceptional emergency situations, the urgent need to save lives justifies restrictions on other rights, such as the freedom of movement and of assembly. This report outlines some of the measures EU Member States have put in place to protect public health during the COVID-19 pandemic. It covers the period 1 February – 20 March 2020.
Michael O'Flaherty talks in his vlog about the human rights aspects in the context of the Coronavirus epidemic and introduces FRA's new report.
In the latest edition of his video blog, FRA Director Michael O'Flaherty speaks about the importance and power of hope accompanying the work of FRA in 2020. Particularly after a troubled start of the year.
In the latest edition of his video blog, FRA Director Michael O'Flaherty speaks about the human rights challenges, but also the opportunities, that come along with the development of artificial intelligence technology.
27
November
2019
French and German versions now available
01 March 2022
Facial recognition technology (FRT) makes it possible to compare digital facial images to determine whether they are of the same person. Comparing footage obtained from video cameras (CCTV) with images in databases is referred to as ‘live facial recognition technology’. Examples of national law enforcement authorities in the EU using such technology are sparse – but several are testing its potential. This paper therefore looks at the fundamental rights implications of relying on live FRT, focusing on its use for law enforcement and border-management purposes.
As part of the background research for the Agency’s project on ‘Artificial intelligence (AI), Big Data and Fundamental Rights’, FRA has collected information on AI-related policy initiatives in EU Member States and beyond in the period 2016-2020. The collection currently includes about 350 initiatives.
Fundamental Rights Report 2019: 2018 was a landmark year for data protection. New EU rules took effect and complaints of breaches increased significantly.
12
June
2019
The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) has applied across the European Union (EU) since 25 May 2018. One year on, this paper looks at how the new regulation has affected the daily work of civil society organisations (CSOs).
11
June
2019
Algorithms used in machine learning systems and artificial intelligence (AI) can only be as good as the data used for their development. High quality data are essential for high quality algorithms. Yet, the call for high quality data in discussions around AI often remains without any further specifications and guidance as to what this actually means.
6
June
2019
How much progress can we expect in a decade? Various rights-related instruments had been in place for 10 years in 2018, prompting both sobering and encouraging reflection on this question.
6
June
2019
2018 година донесе както напредък, така и неуспехи по отношение на защитата на основните права. В  Доклада на FRA относно основните права от 2019 г. е извършен преглед на важните развития в областта, като са посочени както постиженията, така и областите, които все още будят притеснение. В настоящата публикация са представени становищата на FRA относно основните развития в обхванатите тематични области и обзор на доказателствата в подкрепа на тези становища.
5
December
2018
Last versions available are EL and NL
11 March 2021
В настоящото ръководство се обяснява какво представлява профилирането, правните рамки, които го регулират и защо правомерното извършване на профилиране е необходимо за спазването на основните права и е от решаващо значение за ефективната дейност на полицейските и граничните органи. В ръководството също така са предоставени практически насоки за това как да се избегне неправомерно профилиране при операции на полицейските и граничните органи.
26
October
2018
The EU Agency for Fundamental Rights’ 2018 Fundamental Rights Forum
brought together more than 700 human rights champions at a time of
widening social divisions and increasingly polarised politics across
Europe.
20
September
2018
With enormous volumes of data generated every day, more and more decisions are based on data analysis and algorithms. This can bring welcome benefits, such as consistency and objectivity, but algorithms also entail great risks. A FRA focus paper looks at how the use of automation in decision making can result in, or exacerbate, discrimination.
14
September
2018
This Opinion by the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) aims to inform the European Parliament’s position concerning the legislative proposal for a Regulation on strengthening the security of identity cards of European Union (EU) citizens and of residence documents issued to EU citizens and their family members exercising their right of free movement. It focuses on the processing of biometric data and complements the opinion published by the European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS).
12
September
2018
In November 2017, the European Commission requested FRA’s support in evaluating the impact on fundamental rights of the European Border Surveillance System (Eurosur) Regulation. Further to this request, FRA reviewed the work of the European Border and Coast Guard Agency (Frontex) and analysed cooperation agreements concluded by EU Member States with third countries which are relevant for the exchange of information for the purposes of Eurosur. This report presents the main findings of such review.