Lidská důstojnost je nedotknutelná. Musí být respektována a chráněna.
Lidská důstojnost není jen základním právem jako takovým, ale představuje samotný základ základních práv. Všeobecná deklarace lidských práv z roku 1948 zakotvila lidskou důstojnost ve své preambuli: „U vědomí toho, že uznání přirozené důstojnosti a rovných a nezcizitelných práv všech členů lidské rodiny je základem svobody, spravedlnosti a míru ve světě“. Soudní dvůr v rozsudku ze dne 9. října 2001 ve věci C-377/98 Nizozemsko v. Evropský parlament a Rada, Sb. rozh. 2001, p. I-7079 v 70. až 77. bodě potvrdil, že základní právo na lidskou důstojnost je součástí práva Unie.Z toho vyplývá, že žádné z práv stanovených v této listině nesmí být použito na újmu důstojnosti jiného a že lidská důstojnost je součástí podstaty práv stanovených touto listinou. Musí být proto respektována, a to i tam, kde určité právo omezuje.
Article 1 All people are free and equal in their dignity and rights. Their fundamental rights and freedoms are inherent, inalienable, non-prescriptible, and irrepealable. Article 10 (1) Everyone has the right to demand that her human dignity, personal honour, and good reputation be respected, and that her name be protected.
Preamble We, the citizens of the Czech Republic (…) Resolved to build, safeguard, and develop the Czech Republic in the spirit of the sanctity of human dignity and liberty, As the homeland of free citizens enjoying equal rights, conscious of their duties towards others and their responsibility towards the community, As a free and democratic state founded on respect for human rights and on the principles of civic society, As a part of the family of democracies in Europe and around the world, Resolved to guard and develop together the natural and cultural, material and spiritual wealth handed down to us, Resolved to abide by all proven principles of a state governed by the rule of law (…)
Článek 1 Lidé jsou svobodní a rovní v důstojnosti i v právech. Základní práva a svobody jsou nezadatelné, nezcizitelné, nepromlčitelné a nezrušitelné. Článek 10 (1) Každý má právo, aby byla zachována jeho lidská důstojnost, osobní čest, dobrá pověst a chráněno jeho jméno.
My, občané České republiky (...) odhodláni budovat, chránit a rozvíjet Českou republiku v duchu nedotknutelných hodnot lidské důstojnosti a svobody jako vlast rovnoprávných, svobodných občanů, kteří jsou si vědomi svých povinností vůči druhým a zodpovědnosti vůči celku, jako svobodný a demokratický stát, založený na úctě k lidským právům a na zásadách občanské společnosti, jako součást rodiny evropských a světových demokracií, odhodláni společně střežit a rozvíjet zděděné přírodní a kulturní, hmotné a duchovní bohatství, odhodláni řídit se všemi osvědčenými principy právního státu (...)
Part 7 Trafficking people for exploitation
Chapter 1 - Basic principles of the form of government: Article 2 Public power shall be exercised with respect for the equal worth of all and the liberty and dignity of the individual. (…)
1 kapitlet - Statsskickets grunder: 2 § Den offentliga makten ska utövas med respekt för alla människors lika värde och för den enskilda människans frihet och värdighet. (…)
PreambleLa Nación española, (...) proclama su voluntad de: (...) Promover el progreso de la cultura y de la economía para asegurar a todos una digna calidad de vida.(...)Artículo 101. La dignidad de la persona, los derechos inviolables que le son inherentes, el libre desarrollo de la personalidad, el respeto a la ley y a los derechos de los demás son fundamento del orden político y de la paz social. (...)
Preamble The Spanish Nation, (...) proclaims its will to: (...) Promote the progress of culture and of the economy to ensure a dignified quality of life for all. (...)
Article 101. The dignity of the person, the inviolable rights which are inherent, the free development of the personality, the respect for the law and for the rights of others are the foundation of political order and social peace. (...)
article 21 Respect for human personality and dignity shall be guaranteed in criminal and in all other legal proceedings, as well as during the deprivation of liberty and enforcement of punitive sanctions. Violence of any form against any person whose liberty has been restricted in any way is prohibited, as is the use of any form of coercion in obtaining confessions and statements. Article 34 Everyone has the right to personal dignity and safety.
21. člen Zagotovljeno je spoštovanje človekove osebnosti in njegovega dostojanstva v kazenskem in v vseh drugih pravdnih postopkih, in prav tako med odvzemom prostosti in izvrševanjem kazni. Prepovedano je vsakršno nasilje nad osebami, ki jim je prostost kakorkoli omejena, ter vsakršno izsiljevanje priznanj in izjav.
34. člen Vsakdo ima pravico do osebnega dostojanstva in varnosti.
Article 12(1) People are free and equal in dignity and in rights. Basic rights and freedoms are inviolable, inalienable, imprescriptible, and indefeasible. (...) Article 19(1) Everyone has the right to the preservation of human dignity, personal honour, reputation and the protection of good name. (...)
Čl. 12(1) Ľudia sú slobodní a rovní v dôstojnosti i v právach. Základné práva a slobody sú neodňateľné, nescudziteľné, nepremlčateľné a nezrušiteľné. (...) Čl. 19(1) Každý má právo na zachovanie ľudskej dôstojnosti, osobnej cti, dobrej povesti a na ochranu mena. (...)
Articolul 1(...) (3) România este stat de drept, democratic si social, în care demnitatea omului, drepturile si libertatile cetatenilor, libera dezvoltare a personalitatii umane, dreptatea si pluralismul politic reprezinta valori supreme, în spiritul traditiilor democratice ale poporului român si idealurilor Revolutiei din decembrie 1989, si sunt garantate. (...) Articolul 30(...) (6) Libertatea de exprimare nu poate prejudicia demnitatea, onoarea, viata particulara a persoanei si nici dreptul la propria imagine. (...)
Article 1(...) (3) Romania is a democratic and social state, governed by the rule of law, in which human dignity, the citizens' rights and freedoms, the free development of human personality, justice and political pluralism represent supreme values, in the spirit of the democratic traditions of the Romanian people and the ideals of the Revolution of December 1989, and shall be guaranteed. (...) Article 30(...) … (6) Freedom of expression shall not be prejudicial to the dignity, honour, privacy of a person, and to the right to one's own image. (...)
Artigo 1.º (República Portuguesa) Portugal é uma República soberana, baseada na dignidade da pessoa humana e na vontade popular e empenhada na construção de uma sociedade livre, justa e solidária. Artigo 13.º (Princípio da igualdade) 1. Todos os cidadãos têm a mesma dignidade social e são iguais perante a lei. Artigo 26.º (Outros direitos pessoais) 2. A lei estabelecerá garantias efectivas contra a utilização abusiva, ou contrária à dignidade humana, de informações relativas às pessoas e famílias. 3. A lei garantirá a dignidade pessoal e a identidade genética do ser humano, nomeadamente na criação, desenvolvimento e utilização das tecnologias e na experimentação científica. Artigo 59.º (Direitos dos trabalhadores) 1. Todos os trabalhadores, sem distinção de idade, sexo, raça, cidadania, território de origem, religião, convicções políticas ou ideológicas, têm direito: b) À organização do trabalho em condições socialmente dignificantes, de forma a facultar a realização pessoal e a permitir a conciliação da actividade profissional com a vida familiar. Artigo 67.º (Família) 2. Incumbe, designadamente, ao Estado para proteção da família: e) Regulamentar a procriação assistida, em termos que salvaguardem a dignidade da pessoa humana. Artigo 206.º (Audiências dos tribunais) As audiências dos tribunais são públicas, salvo quando o próprio tribunal decidir o contrário, em despacho fundamentado, para salvaguarda da dignidade das pessoas e da moral pública ou para garantir o seu normal funcionamento.
Article 1 (Portuguese Republic) Portugal is a sovereign Republic, based on the dignity of the human person and the will of the people and committed to building a free, just and solidary society. Article 13 (Principle of equality) (1) All citizens have the same social dignity and are equal before the law. Article 26 (Other personal rights) (2) The law shall lay down effective guarantees against the improper procurement and misuse of information concerning persons and families and its procurement or use contrary to human dignity. (3) The law shall guarantee the personal dignity and genetic identity of the human person, particularly in the creation, development and use of technologies and in scientific experimentation. Article 59 (Workers' rights) (1) Regardless of age, sex, race, citizenship, place of origin, religion and political or ideological convictions, every worker has the right: (b) That the work be organised under conditions of social dignity and in such a way as to provide personal fulfilment and to make it possible to reconcile work and family life. Article 67 (Family) (2) In order to protect the family, the state is particularly charged with: (e) Regulating assisted procreation in such a way as to safeguard the dignity of the human person. Article 206 (Court hearings) Court hearings are public, save when, in order to safeguard personal dignity or public moral, or to insure its normal operation, the court itself decides otherwise in a written order that sets out the grounds of its decision.
Preamble(...) We, the Polish Nation - all citizens of the Republic, ... (...) call upon all those who will apply this Constitution for the good of the Third Republic to do so paying respect to the inherent dignity of the person, his or her right to freedom, the obligation of solidarity with others, and respect for these principles as the unshakeable foundation of the Republic of Poland.Article 30 The inherent and inalienable dignity of the person shall constitute a source of freedoms and rights of persons and citizens. It shall be inviolable. The respect and protection thereof shall be the obligation of public authorities.
Preambuła(...) my, Naród Polski - wszyscy obywatele Rzeczypospolitej, (...) Wszystkich, którzy dla dobra Trzeciej Rzeczypospolitej tę Konstytucję będą stosowali, wzywamy, aby czynili to, dbając o zachowanie przyrodzonej godności człowieka, jego prawa do wolności i obowiązku solidarności z innymi, a poszanowanie tych zasad mieli za niewzruszoną podstawę Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej.Art. 30 Przyrodzona i niezbywalna godność człowieka stanowi źródło wolności i praw człowieka i obywatela. Jest ona nienaruszalna, a jej poszanowanie i ochrona jest obowiązkiem władz publicznych.
Article 21. The human person shall be inviolable. Human dignity shall be protected by law.(…)
‘(6) Border control is in the interest not only of the Member State at whose external borders it is carried out but of all Member States which have abolished internal border control. Border control should help to combat illegal immigration and trafficking in human beings and to prevent any threat to the Member States’ internal security, public policy, public health and international relations.‘
Article 3 General principle
A clinical trial may be conducted only if:
(a) the rights, safety, dignity and well-being of subjects are protected and prevail over all other interests; and
(b) it is designed to generate reliable and robust data.
‘(16) Victims of terrorism have suffered attacks that are intended ultimately to harm society. They may therefore need special attention, support and protection due to the particular nature of the crime that has been committed against them. Victims of terrorism can be under significant public scrutiny and often need social recognition and respectful treatment by society. Member States should therefore take particular account of the needs of victims of terrorism, and should seek to protect their dignity and security.’
‘(38) [...] A main task of these services and their staff, which play an important role in supporting the victim to recover from and overcome potential harm or trauma as a result of a criminal offence, should be to inform victims about the rights set out in this Directive so that they can take decisions in a supportive environment that treats them with dignity, respect and sensitivity. The types of support that such specialist support services should offer could include providing shelter and safe accommodation, immediate medical support, referral to medical and forensic examination for evidence in cases of rape or sexual assault, short and long-term psychological counselling, trauma care, legal advice, advocacy and specific services for children as direct or indirect victims.’
‘(52) Measures should be available to protect the safety and dignity of victims and their family members from secondary and repeat victimisation, from intimidation and from retaliation, such as interim injunctions or protection or restraining orders.’
Article 18 - Right to protection
‘Without prejudice to the rights of the defence, Member States shall ensure that measures are available to protect victims and their family members from secondary and repeat victimisation, from intimidation and from retaliation, including against the risk of emotional or psychological harm, and to protect the dignity of victims during questioning and when testifying. When necessary, such measures shall also include procedures established under national law for the physical protection of victims and their family members.’
All prisoners shall be treated with the respect due to their inherent dignity and value as human beings. No prisoner shall be subjected to, and all prisoners shall be protected from, torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, for which no circumstances whatsoever may be invoked as a justification. The safety and security of prisoners, staff, service providers and visitors shall be ensured at all times.
1. The prison regime should seek to minimize any differences between prison life and life at liberty that tend to lessen the responsibility of the prisoners or the respect due to their dignity as human beings. ...
The laws and regulations governing searches of prisoners and cells shall be in accordance with obligations under international law and shall take into account international standards and norms, keeping in mind the need to ensure security in the prison. Searches shall be conducted in a manner that is respectful of the inherent human dignity and privacy of the individual being searched, as well as the principles of proportionality, legality and necessity.
... 2. Where conjugal visits are allowed, this right shall be applied without discrimination, and women prisoners shall be able to exercise this right on an equal basis with men. Procedures shall be in place and premises shall be made available to ensure fair and equal access with due regard to safety and dignity.
The prison administration shall treat the body of a deceased prisoner with respect and dignity. The body of a deceased prisoner should be returned to his or her next of kin as soon as reasonably possible, at the latest upon completion of the investigation. The prison administration shall facilitate a culturally appropriate funeral if there is no other responsible party willing or able to do so and shall keep a full record of the matter.
Whereas recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world,
Whereas disregard and contempt for human rights have resulted in barbarous acts which have outraged the conscience of mankind, and the advent of a world in which human beings shall enjoy freedom of speech and belief and freedom from fear and want has been proclaimed as the highest aspiration of the common people,
Whereas it is essential, if man is not to be compelled to have recourse, as a last resort, to rebellion against tyranny and oppression, that human rights should be protected by the rule of law, Whereas it is essential to promote the development of friendly relations between nations,
Whereas the peoples of the United Nations have in the Charter reaffirmed their faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person and in the equal rights of men and women and have determined to promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom,
Whereas Member States have pledged themselves to achieve, in co-operation with the United Nations, the promotion of universal respect for and observance of human rights and fundamental freedoms,
Whereas a common understanding of these rights and freedoms is of the greatest importance for the full realization of this pledge,
THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY
proclaims THIS UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS as a common standard of achievement for all peoples and all nations, to the end that every individual and every organ of society, keeping this Declaration constantly in mind, shall strive by teaching and education to promote respect for these rights and freedoms and by progressive measures, national and international, to secure their universal and effective recognition and observance, both among the peoples of Member States themselves and among the peoples of territories under their jurisdiction.
1. All peoples have the right of self-determination. By virtue of that right they freely determine their political status and freely pursue their economic, social and cultural development.
2. All peoples may, for their own ends, freely dispose of their natural wealth and resources without prejudice to any obligations arising out of international economic co-operation, based upon the principle of mutual benefit, and international law. In no may a people be deprived of its own means of subsistence.
3. The States Parties to the present Covenant, including those having responsibility for the administration of Non-Self-Governing and Trust Territories, shall promote the realization of the right of self-determination, and shall respect that right, in conformity with the provisions of the Charter of the United Nations.
1. All peoples have the right of self-determination. By virtue of that right they freely determine their political status and freely pursue their economic, social and cultural developmen