Data

Ochrana údajů, soukromí a nové technologie

<p>More of our everyday lives are online &mdash; both at work and home. Meanwhile, terror attacks intensify calls for more surveillance. Concerns grow over the safety of our privacy and personal data.</p>
<p>FRA helps lawmakers and practitioners protect your rights in a connected world.</p>

Highlights

  • Report / Paper / Summary
    18
    June
    2020
    This document presents data from the FRA Fundamental Rights Survey. It includes data on opinions and experiences of people in the European Union (EU) linked to data protection and technology.
  • Handbook / Guide / Manual
    25
    May
    2018
    Rychlý vývoj informací a komunikačních technologií zdůrazňuje rostoucí potřebu spolehlivé ochrany osobních
    údajů – práva, jež zaručují jak nástroje Evropské unie (EU), tak nástroje Rady Evropy (RE). Ochrana tohoto
    důležitého práva přináší nové a významné výzvy, jelikož technologický pokrok rozšiřuje hranice oblastí, jako
    je dozor, odposlouchávání komunikací a uchovávání údajů. Tato příručka je určena k tomu, aby právníky,
    kteří se nespecializují na oblast ochrany údajů, s touto oblastí práva seznámila. Poskytuje přehled platných
    právních rámců EU a RE. Vysvětluje rovněž klíčovou judikaturu, shrnuje hlavní rozhodnutí Evropského soudu
    pro lidská práva i Soudního dvora Evropské unie. Kromě toho představuje hypotetické scénáře, které slouží
    jako praktické ilustrace rozmanitých problémů, s nimiž se v tomto neustále se měnícím oboru potýkáme.
  • Infographic
    Fundamental Rights Report 2019: 2018 was a landmark year for data protection. New EU rules took effect and complaints of breaches increased significantly.
  • Video
    This video blog by FRA Director Michael O'Flaherty is released periodically and will address burning fundamental rights themes.
Produkty
20
September
2018
With enormous volumes of data generated every day, more and more decisions are based on data analysis and algorithms. This can bring welcome benefits, such as consistency and objectivity, but algorithms also entail great risks. A FRA focus paper looks at how the use of automation in decision making can result in, or exacerbate, discrimination.
14
September
2018
This Opinion by the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) aims to inform the European Parliament’s position concerning the legislative proposal for a Regulation on strengthening the security of identity cards of European Union (EU) citizens and of residence documents issued to EU citizens and their family members exercising their right of free movement. It focuses on the processing of biometric data and complements the opinion published by the European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS).
12
September
2018
In November 2017, the European Commission requested FRA’s support in evaluating the impact on fundamental rights of the European Border Surveillance System (Eurosur) Regulation. Further to this request, FRA reviewed the work of the European Border and Coast Guard Agency (Frontex) and analysed cooperation agreements concluded by EU Member States with third countries which are relevant for the exchange of information for the purposes of Eurosur. This report presents the main findings of such review.
10
September
2018
This Opinion aims to
inform the European Parliament’s position on the legislative proposal amending the
Visa Information System, the Visa Code and other related provisions of EU law. The
European Commission presented the proposal on 16 May 2018 and EU legislators are
currently discussing it.
6
June
2018
The year 2017 brought both progress and setbacks in terms of rights protection. The European Pillar of Social Rights marked an important move towards a more ‘social Europe’. But, as experiences with the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights underscore, agreement on a text is merely a first step. Even in its eighth year as the EU's binding bill of rights, the Charter's potential was not fully exploited, highlighting the need to more actively promote its use.
6
June
2018
Rok 2017 přinesl v oblasti ochrany základních práv pokrok i nezdary. Zpráva o základních právech 2018 agentury FRA přináší přehled hlavního vývoje v této oblasti a upozorňuje jak na úspěchy, tak na oblasti, které i nadále vzbuzují obavy.
30
May
2018
We live in a world of big data, where technological developments in the area of machine learning and artificial intelligence have changed the way we live. Decisions and processes concerning everyday life are increasingly automated, based on data. This affects fundamental rights in various ways. This focus paper specifically deals with discrimination, a fundamental rights area particularly affected by technological developments.
25
May
2018
New language versions - Dutch and Slovak
20 May 2021
Rychlý vývoj informací a komunikačních technologií zdůrazňuje rostoucí potřebu spolehlivé ochrany osobních
údajů – práva, jež zaručují jak nástroje Evropské unie (EU), tak nástroje Rady Evropy (RE). Ochrana tohoto
důležitého práva přináší nové a významné výzvy, jelikož technologický pokrok rozšiřuje hranice oblastí, jako
je dozor, odposlouchávání komunikací a uchovávání údajů. Tato příručka je určena k tomu, aby právníky,
kteří se nespecializují na oblast ochrany údajů, s touto oblastí práva seznámila. Poskytuje přehled platných
právních rámců EU a RE. Vysvětluje rovněž klíčovou judikaturu, shrnuje hlavní rozhodnutí Evropského soudu
pro lidská práva i Soudního dvora Evropské unie. Kromě toho představuje hypotetické scénáře, které slouží
jako praktické ilustrace rozmanitých problémů, s nimiž se v tomto neustále se měnícím oboru potýkáme.
9
May
2018
Vzhledem k tomu, že terorismus, kybernetické útoky a sofistikované přeshraniční zločinecké sítě představují rostoucí hrozby, se práce zpravodajských služeb stává stále naléhavější, komplexnější a více mezinárodní. Tato práce může výrazně zasahovat do základních práv, zejména práv na ochranu soukromí a osobních údajů. Zatímco neustálý technologický pokrok může hrozbu takového zasahování ještě zvýšit, potenciál zneužití je možné snížit prostřednictvím účinného dohledu a prostředků nápravy.
This video blog by FRA Director Michael O'Flaherty is released periodically and will address burning fundamental rights themes.
19
April
2018
This Opinion by the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) aims to inform the European Parliament position concerning legislative proposals on interoperability between EU information technology systems (IT systems) presented on 12 December 2017 and currently discussed by the EU legislators.
28
March
2018
This report outlines the fundamental rights implications of collecting, storing and using
biometric and other data in EU IT systems in the area of asylum and migration.
Mario Oetheimer presented FRA’s second surveillance report to the European Parliament’s Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (LIBE) Committee on 21 November in Brussels.
This is the recording of the online press briefing about mass surveillance as presented by the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) on 16 October 2017.
This second volume, ‘Surveillance by intelligence services: fundamental rights safeguards and remedies in the EU’, explores legal changes since the first volume in 2015 and how these laws are applied in practice. It is based on data from all EU Member States on the legal framework governing surveillance and complemented by field research in seven Member States: Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Sweden and the UK. This involved more than 70 interviews with a range of stakeholders related to surveillance. These included overseers and controllers from the executive, indedepent expert bodies, parliamentary committees, the judiciary and actors from the civil society. These quotes are contained in the report. Below are a selection of some of them:
23
October
2017
This report is FRA’s second publication addressing a European Parliament request for in-depth research on the impact of surveillance on fundamental rights. It updates FRA’s 2015 legal analysis on the topic, and supplements that analysis with field-based insights gained from extensive interviews with diverse experts in intelligence and related fields, including its oversight.
13
July
2017
In 2006 the EU issued its Data Retention Directive. According to the Directive, EU Member States had to store electronic telecommunications data for at least six months and at most 24 months for investigating, detecting and prosecuting serious crime. In 2016, with an EU legal framework on data retention still lacking, the CJEU further clarified what safeguards are required for data retention to be lawful.This paper looks at amendments to national data retention laws in 2016 after the Digital Rights Ireland judgment.
11
July
2017
The European Parliament requested this FRA Opinion on the fundamental rights and personal data protection implications of the proposed Regulation for the creation of a European Travel Information and Authorisation System (ETIAS), including an assessment of the fundamental rights aspects of the access
by law enforcement authorities and Europol.
7
July
2017
Various proposals on EU-level information systems in the areas of borders and security mention interoperability, aiming to provide fast and easy access to information about third-country nationals.