eu-charter

EU's charter om grundlæggende rettigheder

Præambel

De europæiske folk har med skabelsen af en stadig tættere sammenslutning besluttet at dele en fredelig fremtid, der bygger på fælles værdier.

Unionen, der er sig sin åndelige og etiske arv bevidst, bygger på de udelelige og universelle værdier: menneskets værdighed, frihed, lighed og solidaritet; den bygger på demokrati- og retsstatsprincippet. Den sætter mennesket i centrum for sit virke med indførelsen af unionsborgerskabet og skabelsen af et område med frihed, sikkerhed og retfærdighed.
Unionen bidrager til bevarelsen og udviklingen af disse fælles værdier under hensyn til de europæiske folks forskelligartede kulturer og traditioner samt til medlemsstaternes nationale identitet og organisering af deres offentlige myndigheder på nationalt, regionalt og lokalt plan; den søger at fremme en afbalanceret og bæredygtig udvikling og sikrer fri bevægelighed for personer, tjenesteydelser, varer og kapital samt etableringsfrihed.
Med henblik herpå er det nødvendigt at styrke beskyttelsen af de grundlæggende rettigheder på baggrund af samfundsudviklingen, de sociale fremskridt og den videnskabelige og teknologiske udvikling ved at gøre disse rettigheder mere synlige i et charter.
Dette charter bekræfter under hensyn til Unionens kompetencer og opgaver samt nærhedsprincippet de rettigheder, der bl.a. følger af medlemsstaternes fælles forfatningsmæssige traditioner og internationale forpligtelser, den europæiske konvention til beskyttelse af menneskerettigheder og grundlæggende frihedsrettigheder, de socialpagter, som Unionen og Europarådet har vedtaget, samt Den Europæiske Unions Domstols og Den Europæiske Menneskerettighedsdomstols retspraksis. Chartret vil i den forbindelse blive fortolket af Unionens og medlemsstaternes domstole under behørig hensyntagen til de forklaringer, der blev udarbejdet under præsidiet for den forsamling, der udarbejdede chartret, og ajourført under Det Europæiske Konvents præsidiums ansvar.
Disse rettigheder medfører ansvar og pligter såvel over for andre mennesker som over for det menneskelige fællesskab og de kommende generationer.
Unionen anerkender således nedennævnte rettigheder, friheder og principper.

  • Text:
    Source:
    Preamble - Explanations relating to the Charter of Fundamental Rights:

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  • 18
    December
    2020
    In 2020 (until 15 December), the International Organization for Migration estimated that about 1,054 people have died or gone missing while crossing the Mediterranean Sea to reach Europe to escape war or persecution or to pursue a better life. This is an average of almost three people per day. In the past years, a significant number of migrants in distress at sea have been rescued by civil society vessels deployed with a humanitarian mandate to reduce fatalities and bring rescued migrants to safety. Since 2018, however, national authorities initiated some 50 administrative and criminal proceedings against crew members or vessels, also seizing the latter. In some cases, rescue vessels were blocked in harbours due to flag issues or the inability to meet maritime safety-related and other technical requirements.
  • Handbook / Guide / Manual
    17
    December
    2020
    The European Convention on Human Rights and European Union law provide an increasingly important framework for the protection of the rights of foreigners. European Union legislation relating to asylum, borders and immigration is developing fast. There is an impressive body of case law by the European Court of Human Rights relating in particular to Articles 3, 5, 8 and 13 of the ECHR. The Court of Justice of the European Union is increasingly asked to pronounce on the interpretation of European Union law provisions in this field. The third edition of this handbook, updated up to July 2020, presents this European Union legislation and the body of case law by the two European courts in an accessible way.
  • 14
    December
    2020
    Artificial intelligence (AI) already plays a role in deciding what unemployment benefits someone gets, where a burglary is likely to take place, whether someone is at risk of cancer, or who sees that catchy advertisement for low mortgage rates. Its use keeps growing, presenting seemingly endless possibilities. But we need to make sure to fully uphold fundamental rights standards when using AI. This report presents concrete examples of how companies and public administrations in the EU are using, or trying to use, AI. It focuses on four core areas – social benefits, predictive policing, health services and targeted advertising.
  • 8
    December
    2020
    This report looks at fundamental rights compliance at the European Union (EU)’s external land borders, including rivers and lakes. On 30 January 2020, the European Parliament requested the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) to prepare a report on these borders. It noted that the report should focus on the correct application of the safeguards in the European asylum acquis and the provisions of the Schengen Borders Code (Regulation (EU) 2016/399).
  • 30
    November
    2020
    This report outlines some of the measures EU Member States have put in place to protect public health as Europe faces the ‘second wave’ of the Coronavirus pandemic. It highlights how these may affect fundamental rights, especially social rights.
  • 27
    November
    2020
    Roma and Travellers living in western EU countries are less often in the limelight than those living in central, eastern and southern EU countries. While they represent a smaller proportion of the population in the west, they also face problems with social exclusion, marginalisation and discrimination. These country sheets present findings from the survey conducted by FRA in 2019 covering Roma and Travellers populations in Belgium, France, Ireland, the Netherlands, Sweden and the United Kingdom. The survey included interviews with almost 4,700 Roma and Travellers, collecting information on more than 8,200 individuals living in their households.
  • 6
    November
    2020
    The EU Agency for Fundamental Rights has been regularly collecting data on asylum and migration since September 2015. This report focuses on the fundamental rights situation of people arriving in Member States and EU candidate countries particularly affected by migration. It addresses fundamental rights concerns between 1 July and 30 September 2020.
  • 20
    October
    2020
    The EU Fundamental Rights Agency published in 2019 its report on the ‘Integration of young refugees in the EU’. The report explored the challenges of young people who fled armed conflict or persecution and arrived in the EU in 2015 and 2016. The report is based on 426 interviews with experts working in the area of asylum and integration, as well as 163 interviews with young people, aged 16 to 24, conducted between October 2017 and June 2018 in 15 regions and cities located in six Member States: Austria, France, Germany, Greece, Italy and Sweden. The links on this page provide a summary of the information collected during this period for each country about unaccompanied children turning 18 and the change in people’s legal status once international protection is granted. These two issues had at the time been identified as moments requiring sufficient, consistent and systematic support, particularly from lawyers, social workers and guardians, to ensure successful integration.
  • 6
    October
    2020
    Business activity affects not just customers, employees, and contractors along supply chains, but often entire communities and the environment. This makes it vital that every business complies with human rights. This comparative report looks at the realities victims face when they seek redress for business-related human rights abuses. It presents the findings of fieldwork research on the views of professionals regarding the different ways people can pursue complaints. The findings highlight that obstacles to achieving justice are often multi-layered.
  • 29
    September
    2020
    Often living in substandard and overcrowded housing conditions, Roma and Travellers face an increased risk of contracting COVID-19. They are also disproportionately affected by measures taken to contain the virus. This FRA Bulletin takes a closer look at this reality in 15 EU Member States, focusing on education; employment; poverty; healthcare; housing; and anti-Gypsyism. It also outlines civil society efforts to tackle the diverse challenges triggered by the Coronavirus pandemic.