Article 42A.1. The state recognises and affirms the natural and imprescriptible rights of all children and shall, as far as practicable, by its laws protect and
vindicate those rights.
Article 42A.2.1. In exceptional cases, where the parents, regardless of their marital status, fail in their duty towards their chidren to such extent that the safety or welfare of any of their children is likely to be prejudicially affected, the state as guardian of the common good shall, by proportionate means as provided by law, endeavour to supply
the place of the parents, but always with due
regard for the natural and imprescriptible rights of the child.
Article 42A.2.2. Provision shall be made by law for the adoption of any child where the parents have failed for such a period of time as may be prescribed by law in their duty towards the child and where the best interests of the child so require.
Article 42A.3 Provision shall be made by law for the voluntary placement for adoption and the adoption of any child.
Article 42A.4.1. Provision shall be made by law that in the resolution of all proceedings – i brought by the state, as guardian of the
common good, for the purpose of
preventing the safety and welfare of any
child from being prejudically affected, or
ii concerning the adoption, guardianship or
custody of, or access to, any child,
the best interests of the child shall be the
Article 42A.4.2. Provision shall be made by law for securing, as far as practicable, that in all proceedings referred to in subsection 1° of this section in respect of any child who is capable of forming his or her own
views, the views of the child shall be ascertained and given due weight having regard to the age and maturity of the child. Article 44.2.4. Legislation providing state aid for schools shall not discriminate between schools under the management of different religious denominations, nor be such as to affect prejudicially the right of any child to attend a school receiving public money
without attending religious instruction at that
school. Article 45.4.2. The state shall endeavour to ensure that the strength and health of workers, men and women, and the tender age of children shall not be abused
and that citizens shall not be forced by economic necessity to enter avocations unsuited to their sex, age or strength.