According to German legislation, access to the liberal profession of notaries (which exists all over Germany with the exception of a part of the Land of Baden-Württemberg) was restricted to nationals. The Commission did not accept the German argument that this restriction was covered by Article 45 (1) TEC (now Article 51  TFEU) and, therefore, brought an action under Article 226 TEC (now Article 258 TFEU) for infringement of Article 43 TEC (now Article 49 TFEU) and failure of transposition of Directive 2005/36.
Results (sanctions) and key consequences of the case:
The Court (...):
Declares that, by imposing a nationality condition for access to the profession of notary, the Federal Republic of Germany has failed to fulfil its obligations under Article 43 EC;