Estonia / Supreme Court, Constitutional Review Chamber / 3-4-1-49-13 R.K. v National Electoral Committee

Key facts of the case:

The electoral committee refused to register a prisoner as a candidate in the local municipality government elections of 2013. The prisoner filed an appeal on the decision in the electoral committee of the county and the National Electoral Committee (Vabariigi Valimiskomisjon). Neither of the latter institutions satisfied his appeal, following which he filed a cassation in the Constitutional Review Chamber of the Supreme Court (Riigikohtu põhiseaduslikkuse järelevalve kolleegium) to review the constitutionality of the § 5(6) of the Local Government Council Election Act (Kohaliku omavalitsuse volikogu valimise seadus), which states that “A person in active service in the Defence Forces or a person who has been convicted of a criminal offence by a court and is serving a prison sentence shall not stand as a candidate for election to a council.”

Paragraphs referring to EU Charter: 

 

19. In its judgement no 3-4-1-44-13 the Chamber assessed the constitutionality of §5(6) of the LGCEA, as well as its conformity with international and EU law, and found that the provision is in line both. Articles 39 and 40 grant nationals of another Member States the right to vote and stand as a candidate at elections to the European Parliament and at the municipal elections on equal grounds with nationals of a given state. These Articles, however, do not regulate right of inmates to participate in elections. Article P1-3 of the ECHR regards the elections of the legislative body of a Member State, in the current case the appellant wishes to run as a candidate at municipal elections. The report of the Venice Committee (CDL-AD(2006)018), that the appellant referred to, must be translated in the light of the rights granted by the Convention. In the case law referred by the appellant The European Court of Human rights does not assess the right to vote and run as a candidate at elections in the context of local municipality elections. Estonia has not ratified ECHR Additional Protocol no 15 (of 24 June 2013) and therefore it is not binding on Estonia (see Supreme Court Constitutional review Chamber judgement no 3-4-1-44-13 of 2 October 2013, paragraphs 15 – 17 and 20).

Paragraphs referring to EU Charter (original language): 

 

19. Kolleegium hindas 2. oktoobri 2013. a otsuses kohtuasjas nr 3-4-1-44-13 KOVVS § 5 lõike 6 kooskõla ka Euroopa Liidu ja rahvusvahelise õigusega ning leidis, et säte on nendega kooskõlas. Euroopa Liidu põhiõiguste harta artiklid 39 ja 40 annavad teise liikmesriigi kodanikele õiguse kandideerida ja hääletada Euroopa Parlamendi ja kohalikel valimistel riigi kodanikega samadel tingimustel, kuid ei reguleeri kinnipeetavate valimisõigust. EIÕK lisaprotokolli nr 1 artikkel 3 käsitleb riigi seadusandliku organi valimisi, kuid praegusel juhul soovib kaebaja kandideerida kohaliku omavalitsuse volikogu valimistel. Veneetsia Komisjoni raportit (CDL-AD(2006)018), millele kaebaja viitab, tuleb aga mõista konventsiooniga tagatud õiguste kontekstis. Ka kaebuses viidatud lahendites ei käsitle EIK kinnipeetavate kandideerimisõigust kohaliku omavalitsuse esindusorgani valimistel, vaid üksnes hääletamisõigust parlamendi valimistel. EIÕK lisaprotokolli nr 15 (24. juunist 2013) ei ole Eesti ratifitseerinud ja see ei ole Eestile siduv (Riigikohtu põhiseaduslikkuse järelevalve kolleegiumi 2. oktoobri 2013. a otsus kohtuasjas nr 3-4-1-44-13, punktid 15–17 ja 20).

Language: 
Estonian
Deciding body (original language): 
Riigikohtu põhiseaduslikkuse järelvalve kolleegium
Language: 
Estonian