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Key facts of the case:

R.O. is a Nigerian national and a failed asylum seeker who is also the partner of the fourth named applicant, M.I.. M.I. is the mother of an Irish citizen from a previous relationship (K.I.). R.O. is not the biological father of K.I. but R.O. and M.I. are the parents of A.A.O. and A.O. who are not Irish citizens but were born in Ireland. The case was a judicial review of decisions made by the Minister in relation to R.O.’s asylum claim. R.O. claimed that as a result of the Court of Justice of European Union’s judgment in the case of Ruiz Zambrano v Office National de l’Emploi (Case C-34/09 (08.03.2011), [2011] ECR 1-1449), Ireland was precluded from refusing R.O. a right of residence in Ireland and from refusing to grant him a work permit, insofar as that decision deprives his children of the genuine enjoyment of the substance of their rights as EU citizens. R.O. also alleged that his deportation was in breach of Article 8 of the European Convention of Human Rights for its failure to respect his family life.