Romania / Constitutional Court / 440 Lower Court of Târgoviște and Lower Court of Constanța invoked the unconstitutionality of Law 82/2012 on data retention

Key facts of the case:

The Courts of Constanța and Târgoviște addressed the issue of the constitutionality of the new law on data retention, Law 82/2012 (Legea privind reținerea datelor generate sau prelucrate de furnizorii de rețele publice de comunicații electronice și de servicii de comunicații electronice destinate publicului) and of Article 152 of the Criminal Procedure Code (Codul de procedură penală, CPP), to the Constitutional Court (Curtea Constituţională a României, CCR) as a result of two requests from the providers of communication services for authorisation to transmit traffic data to public bodies investigating cases. The new law on data retention allowed access for public authorities to traffic and identification data for the purpose of criminal investigation, but the focus was on the obligation imposed by the law to collect and store for a period of six months personal data related to the communications, locations and social interactions of every subscriber. This obligation raised concerns in relation to protection of the rights to privacy, freedom of expression and secrecy of correspondence, as well as in relation to the presumption of innocence, setting as a rule what should be the exception but leads towards the practice of mass surveillance.

Paragraphs referring to EU Charter: 

 

It was considered that Directive 2006/24/CE does not stipulate clear and concrete provisions regarding the extent of the interference in fundamental rights enshrined in Articles 7 and 8 of the Charter, and that the Directive greatly interferes with these fundamental rights, interference which is not necessary.

Paragraphs referring to EU Charter (original language): 

 

S-a constatat, totodata, ca Directiva 2006/24/CE nu prevede norme clare si precise care sa reglementeze intinderea ingerintei in drepturile fundamentale consacrate la art.7 si art.8 din Carta, ca directiva contine o ingerinta in aceste drepturi fundamentale de o mare amploare si de o gravitate deosebita si ca aceasta incalcare nu este limitata la strictul necesar.

Language: 
Romanian
Deciding body (original language): 
Curtea Constituţională a României
Language: 
Romanian