These reports constitute background material for a comparative analysis for the project ‘Criminal Detention – Conditions and Monitoring’. The country studies were prepared by FRA’s research network, FRANET. DISCLAIMER: These documents were commissioned under contract as background material for a comparative analysis by the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) for the project ‘Criminal Detention – Conditions and Monitoring’. The information and views contained in the documents do not necessarily reflect the views or the official position of the FRA. The documents are made publicly available for transparency and information purposes only and does not constitute legal advice or legal opinion.