Special Eurobarometer 452, Media pluralism and democracy, Survey requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General for Justice and Consumers and co-ordinated by the Directorate-General for Communication
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Special Eurobarometer 452, Media pluralism and democracy, Survey requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General for Justice and Consumers and co-ordinated by the Directorate-General for CommunicationView full Research
Type of publication
Survey - quantitative research
Area/location of interest
Not applicable - national level
Type of Institution
Eurostat | European Commission
Main Thematic Focus
A large majority of those who follow or participate in debates has heard, read, seen or themselves experienced cases where abuse, hate speech or threats are directed at journalists/bloggers/people active on social media (75%). Just over one in ten (14%) say they have experienced this very often, while 40% have experienced it sometimes. Just over one in five (21%) say they have rarely experienced this kind of abuse. Just under a quarter of this group of respondents say they have never heard, read, seen or
experienced this (24%).
Methodology (Qualitative/Quantitative and exact type used, questionnaires etc)
Between the 24th of September and the 3rd of October 2016, TNS opinion & social, a consortium created between TNS political & social, TNS UK and TNS opinion, carried out the wave 86.1 of the EUROBAROMETER survey, on request of the EUROPEAN COMMISSION.
Sample details and representativeness
The wave 86.1 includes the SPECIAL EUROBAROMETER 452 and covers the population of the respective
nationalities of the European Union Member States, resident in each of the 28 Member States and aged
15 years and over.
DISCLAIMERThe information presented here is collected under contract by the FRA's research network FRANET. The information and views contained do not necessarily reflect the views or the official position of the FRA.