Sweden Sweden


Sweden, Bursell M, (2016), Chains of events (Kedjor av händelser), Stockholm, Discrimination Ombudsman (Diskrimineringsombudsmannen)

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Type of publication

Study - qualitative research

Geographical coverage


Area/location of interest

Not applicable - national level

Type of Institution



Sweden, Discrimination Ombudsman | Diskrimineringsombudsmannen

Main Thematic Focus


Target Population


Key findings

The study shows that complaints received by the Discrimination Ombudsman contain a mix of discrimination on the ground of religion and on the grounds of ethnicity. A major part of the discrimination complaints concerns discrimination in contacts with civil servants that distribute economic support, or sanction persons who have violated laws and regulations. The study shows that Muslims and persons perceived as Muslims, experience how they are suspected of terrorist offences and of violence in the name of honour. Many complaints, that Muslims and persons perceived as Muslims report, concern actions repeated over time. It is usually impossible to isolate the discrimination to one single occasion or individual event.

Methodology (Qualitative/Quantitative and exact type used, questionnaires etc)

Qualitative research study based on all complaints received by the Discrimination Ombudsman (Diskriminerignsombudsmannen) during 2014 submitted by persons defining themselves as Muslims or who have been perceived as Muslims by others.

Sample details and representativeness

The sample consist of 217 complaints to the Discrimination Ombudsman (Diskrimineringsombudsmannen). All complaints filed during 2014 that concerned discrimination on the grounds of ethnicity or religion were examined to identify which of them that concerned Muslims or persons perceived as Muslims. Of these complaints appr. 39 % of the complaints concerned self-identified Muslims, while appr. 60 % concerned persons perceived as Muslims.

DISCLAIMERThe information presented here is collected under contract by the FRA's research network FRANET. The information and views contained do not necessarily reflect the views or the official position of the FRA.