Estonia Estonia


Tammiste, B. (2019), Vaenukuritegude statistika 2018 (Hate crime statistics 2018), Tallinn, Ministry of Justice

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Type of publication


Geographical coverage


Area/location of interest

Not applicable - national level

Type of Institution

Public authority


Estonia, Ministry of Justice

Main Thematic Focus

Hate crime Incitement to hatred or violence

Target Population

Muslims Religious minorities Migrants People with migrant background

Key findings

According to the report, six hate crimes were recorded by the Estonian police in 2018. Two crimes were recorded under Article 120 of the Penal Code (threat), three crimes under Article 121 of the Penal Code (physical abuse), and one crime under Article 200 of the Penal Code (robbery). Five cases related to the victim’s race, religion or ethnicity, and one case to the victim’s sexual orientation/identity. Eight incidents of incitement to hatred were recorded in 2018, but in only two of these cases misdemeanour procedure was initiated.

Methodology (Qualitative/Quantitative and exact type used, questionnaires etc)

The statistics outlined in the report are compiled from the police information system. The system allows police officers to mark a case as hate crime by ticking one of three boxes: "hate – religion, race, ethnicity"; "hate – sexual orientation/identity"; "hate – other". In addition, searches were performed in the system for cases with “hate motive” and using key words, such as “foreigner”.

Sample details and representativeness


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