Estonia Estonia


Ahven, A., Kruusmaa, K-C., Leps, A., Tamm, K., Tammiste, B., Tüllinen, K., Solodov, S., Sööt, M-L. (2018), Kuritegevus Eestis 2017 (Crime in Estonia 2017), Tallinn, Ministry of Justice

View full Research



Type of publication


Geographical coverage


Area/location of interest

Not applicable - national level

Type of Institution

Public authority


Estonia, Ministry of Justice, Kriminaalpoliitika uuringud (criminal policy research)

Main Thematic Focus

Hate crime Incitement to hatred or violence

Target Population

General population Muslims Religious minorities Migrants People with migrant background

Key findings

The report provides statistics of various types of crime that occurred in the Estonia in 2017. Chapter 10 of the report provides an overview of hate crime incidents. According to the report, at least four incidents of hate crime were recorded in 2017, three of which were aggravated breaches of public order and one was a threat. In all cases, the motive of the crime was the victim’s actual or perceived race, religion or ethnicity. Also, 13 incidents of incitement to hatred were recorded, in eight of these cases misdemeanour procedure was initiated.

Methodology (Qualitative/Quantitative and exact type used, questionnaires etc)

The statistics outlined in the report are compiled from the police information system. The system allows police officers to mark a case as hate crime by ticking one of three boxes: “hate – religion, race, ethnicity”; “hate – sexual orientation/identity”; “hate – other”. In addition, searches were performed in the system for cases with “hate motive” and using key words, such as “Africa”.

Sample details and representativeness


DISCLAIMERThe information presented here is collected under contract by the FRA's research network FRANET. The information and views contained do not necessarily reflect the views or the official position of the FRA.