Malta Malta


Sharon Attard, Christine Cassar, Jean-Pierre Gauci, People for Change Foundation, ENAR (European Network Against Racism), Shadow Report 2012-2013, Racism and related discriminatory practices in employment in Malta

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Type of publication

Study - qualitative research

Geographical coverage


Area/location of interest

Not applicable - national level

Type of Institution

Civil society organisation


ENAR | European Network Against Racism

Main Thematic Focus


Target Population

Migrants Public servants

Key findings

The report aims to offer an NGO perspective on the realities of racism in Malta regarding employment. The report shows the prevalence of discrimination and exploitation in the Maltese labour market and mentions that the current legal framework is ineffective in combatting discrimination in the Maltese labour market.

The difficulties in accessing employment relate to the stereotyping of migrants workers, the difficulty in acquiring the employment licences, the nature of the labour market and lack of recognition of foreign qualifications. The report also shows that due to discrimination in accessing employment, persons who have been through the asylum process are over-represented in the informal economy where exploitation and discrimination are rampant (payment of salaries well below the minimum wage and failure to abide by health and safety standards). It is very difficult for such persons suffering such exploitation to report these incidents and thus receive compensation.The report also demonstrates that whilst access to employment for migrants in Malta is slightly higher than the EU average, targeted support, worker’s rights, and access to general support is lower than the EU average. However, the report also shows growing awareness of discrimination as a problem, an increase in the number of pressure groups promoting efforts to curb discrimination. Legal framework to combat discrimination has also been strengthened.

Methodology (Qualitative/Quantitative and exact type used, questionnaires etc)

Consultations with researchers and NGO representatives, interviews with representatives of communities vulnerable to discrimination and migrants.

Sample details and representativeness


DISCLAIMERThe information presented here is collected under contract by the FRA's research network FRANET. The information and views contained do not necessarily reflect the views or the official position of the FRA.