Netherlands Netherlands


Van der Valk, I. van der (2012), Islamofobie en discriminatie, Amsterdam, Amsterdam University Press

View full Research



Type of publication


Geographical coverage


Area/location of interest

Not applicable - national level

Type of Institution



University of Amsterdam

Main Thematic Focus

Discrimination Islamophobia

Target Population

General population

Key findings

The climate of public opinion towards Muslims in the Netherlands has deteriorated in the period 2005-2010. Muslims have become more and more isolated, negatively portrayed, and depicted as enemies of society. The assertions by the political party of Geert wilders (PVV) about Islam and Muslims and the steadily growing anti-Islamic attitude in the extreme right movement has made the general climate in Dutch society more and more Islamophobic. Between 2005 and 2010, 117 cases of vandalism against mosques have been recorded. In 43 cases, offensive symbols or slogans were painted on a mosque. In 37 instances, the mosques sustained material damage (for example because of arson). One highly provocative method was leaving body parts and/or insides of dead sheep and pigs (5 instances known). In 99 of the incidents, the perpetrators were not found.

Methodology (Qualitative/Quantitative and exact type used, questionnaires etc)

This report is the first edition of a monitor on Muslim discrimination in the Netherlands. This edition is based on desk research (focusing on studies of research data of academic and research institutes published in period 2005-2010). It contains a special list of incidents against mosques drawn in the period 2005-2010 from press coverage. This report also examines expressions of Muslim discrimination in the political and public arena and the anti-Islam or anti-Muslim activities of political parties and anti-Islam organisations.

Sample details and representativeness

DISCLAIMERThe information presented here is collected under contract by the FRA's research network FRANET. The information and views contained do not necessarily reflect the views or the official position of the FRA.