Slovakia Slovakia


Štefančík, R., Lenč, J. (2012), Young migrants in slovak society. International migration, muslims, state and public opinion (Mladí migranti v slovenskej spoločnosti. Medzinárodná migrácia, moslimovia, štát a verejná mienka), survey conducted by authors, published in Brno, Tribun EU.

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Type of publication

Study - qualitative research

Geographical coverage


Area/location of interest

Not applicable - national level

Type of Institution



Štefančík, R., Lenč, J.

Main Thematic Focus

Integration & inclusion Public perceptions & attitudes

Target Population

General population Migrants

Key findings

The study sheds light on attitudes of young people towards migration and migrants. It is also focused on young migrants´ perspective on integration and their own experiences (by young migrants we mean migrants, i.e. foreign nationals at the age of 15-30). Respondents' attitudes depended on migrants' country of origin. Migrants from Western Europe and the U.S. and Canada were perceived more positively than migrants from Africa, Vietnam and Middle East. The research revealed extremely negative attitudes towards Muslims in particular. Young people would not accept public practices of Islam and Islamic traditions. Mosques should not be allowed to be built in Slovakia as it would cause growth of extremism. Migrants were expected to accept and adopt Slovak cultural and legal norms.

Methodology (Qualitative/Quantitative and exact type used, questionnaires etc)

Qualitative research (8 focus groups). Topics covered: perception of 1st and 2nd generation migrants among young people, young people's knowledge of migration and integration issues, personal experience with migrants, perception of new religious minorities (Muslims in particular).

Sample details and representativeness

84 young people (general population) aged 16-23 - 6 focus groups with high school students and 2 focus groups with university students (1 technical major and 1 social science/humanities major). Focus groups were conducted in different regions across Slovakia. One focus groups included participants of Roma and Hungarian nationality.

DISCLAIMERThe information presented here is collected under contract by the FRA's research network FRANET. The information and views contained do not necessarily reflect the views or the official position of the FRA.