Spain Spain


Torres R.D. y Fernandez, T. (2012). “Muslim Women in Europe and Discriminatory and Restrictive Practices in Education”. Revista Española del Tercer Sector, V.22, pp. 151-186

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Type of publication

Study - qualitative research

Geographical coverage


Area/location of interest

Not applicable - national level

Type of Institution



Revista Española del Tercer Sector

Main Thematic Focus

Religious freedom

Target Population


Key findings

The article analyses the regulation of relations between the state and religious spheres, and more specifically, the different exercise of freedom of religion in education systems and teaching in certain European countries.
The conflicts are caused by the collision of certain restrictive and prohibitive rules of domestic law of the European countries and the claims of Muslim students to exercise the right to freedom of religion in education.
In Spain, although there are no general restrictions, with regard to the use of cultural or religious garments and symbols, in recent years there have been several cases of girls that have been prohibited to wear the headscarf at school.
According to opinion surveys less than 30 percent of Spaniards agreed with the use of the Islamic headscarf, while almost half accepted crucifixes.

Methodology (Qualitative/Quantitative and exact type used, questionnaires etc)

Not available

Sample details and representativeness

Not available

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