Spain Spain


Benedí Lahuerta, S., European Network Against Racism (ENAR) with the support of Federación Estatal de Asociaciones de Sos Racismo (España) (2012), Shadow Report Spain 2010-2011, Racism and related discriminatory practices in Spain, Brussels, European Network Against Racism (ENAR)

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Type of publication


Geographical coverage


Area/location of interest

Not applicable - national level

Type of Institution

Civil society organisation


ENAR | European Network Against Racism

Main Thematic Focus

Racism & xenophobia Discrimination Ethnic profiling

Target Population

Migrants People with migrant background Refugees & asylum seekers People of African descent & Black Europeans

Key findings

A report on racism and related discriminatory practices in Spain in 2010 and 2011 highlighting issues such as:
The work of the recently established Catalan Public Prosecutor Specialised in Hate Crime as promising although low reporting rates were registered.
Plans on social inclusion and integration adopted including the National Action Plan for Social Inclusion 2010-2012 and the Action Plan for the Progress of Roma Population 2010-2012
The increasing obstacles faced by the undocumented migrants to register at municipalities, which is essential to access basic services.
Persons of African descent, especially Sub Saharans and Moroccans, are the most affected by ethnic profiling practices, often marked by preventive detentions and police abuse.

Methodology (Qualitative/Quantitative and exact type used, questionnaires etc)

The report covers significant manifestations of racism as well as the main political and legal race equality developments in Spain from March 2010 to March 2011.

It does not include events which happened in the second half of 2011 but some 2011 developments have been mentioned when they were initiated at an earlier stage.

Sample details and representativeness

Not available

DISCLAIMERThe information presented here is collected under contract by the FRA's research network FRANET. The information and views contained do not necessarily reflect the views or the official position of the FRA.