Spain Spain


Moretón, M.A. (2012), The “cyberhate”, the new face of the hate message: between the cybercrime and the freedom of expression (El ‘ciberodio’, la nueva cara del mensaje de odio: entre la cibercriminalidad y la libertad de expresión), Revista Jurídica de Castilla y León, No. 27, pp 1-18

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Type of publication

Desk research

Geographical coverage


Area/location of interest

Not applicable - national level

Type of Institution



Revista Jurídica de Castilla y León

Main Thematic Focus

Hate speech

Target Population

Muslims Migrants People with migrant background Ethnic minorities Refugees & asylum seekers People of African descent & Black Europeans LGBTI

Key findings

The report highlights the increasing prominence and peculiarities of Internet as mass medium, focussing on cyberhate and hate speech and the tensions with freedom of speech, as a key element of online information exchange.
The research proposes actions and measures of preventive nature, such as codes of ethics, access to information promoting critical thinking, protection of vulnerable categories, such as children and youth.

Methodology (Qualitative/Quantitative and exact type used, questionnaires etc)

Desk research

Sample details and representativeness

Not available

DISCLAIMERThe information presented here is collected under contract by the FRA's research network FRANET. The information and views contained do not necessarily reflect the views or the official position of the FRA.