Cyprus Cyprus


Demetriou, C. (2013), Study on the legal framework applicable to racist or xenophobic hate speech and hate crime in the EU Member States: National Report for Cyprus (JUST/2011/EVAL/FW/0146/A4)

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Type of publication

Study - qualitative research

Geographical coverage


Area/location of interest

Not applicable - national level

Type of Institution



Cyprus, Anti-discrimination Authority

Main Thematic Focus

Hate crime Hate speech

Target Population

Migrants Ethnic minorities People with migrant background Refugees & asylum seekers

Key findings

The report found that the Cypriot penal system does not protect effectively the rights for the victim of racial crime, who are only partially covered by the Constitution and by the laws ratifying international conventions or transposing the EU acquis. As a result, complaints can be filed with the police, which may or may not lead to criminal prosecutions as the Attorney General has absolute discretion to prosecute or not and the Framework Decision was never used to prosecute any person. The Equality Body’s useful reports on the increasing racist crime do not lead to criminal prosecutions and, in light of the understaffing problems of the Equality Body itself, they are usually compiled several months, if not years after the incident.

Methodology (Qualitative/Quantitative and exact type used, questionnaires etc)

Desktop study of legal framework and consultation with stakeholders

Sample details and representativeness


DISCLAIMERThe information presented here is collected under contract by the FRA's research network FRANET. The information and views contained do not necessarily reflect the views or the official position of the FRA.