Italy Italy


Alietti, A., Padovan, D., (2013), Religious racism. Islamophobia and Antisemitism in Italian society, Religions, 2013, 4

View full Research



Type of publication

Study - qualitative research

Geographical coverage


Area/location of interest

Not applicable - national level

Type of Institution



Alietti, A., Padovan, D.

Main Thematic Focus


Target Population


Key findings

"This paper presents a critical review of Islamophobia as a racial prejudice, showing that two main definitions are at work: Islamophobia as xeno-racism or linked to the so-called clash of civilizations. A CATI survey was lead involving a representative sample of the Italian population. The cogency and structure of anti-Muslim public discourse and connected mass attitudes, revealed by the investigation, confirm the emergency of these two relevant dimensions of Islamophobia, which claim for a more accurate definition of Islamophobia. Moreover, the distribution of anti-Semitic and Islamophobic attitudes illustrate an interesting overlapping of Islamophobia and Antisemitism which claims that racism is multi-targeted and that there is not so much options between Antisemitism and Islamophobia. In fact, according to the authors Antisemitism and Islamophobia have to be considered as the same family of racial prejudices: obviously different in some aspects, they however share a long sequence of similarities regarding the folkways evoked and the discourses subtly diffused"

Methodology (Qualitative/Quantitative and exact type used, questionnaires etc)

Computer Assisted Telephone Interview (CATI) survey investigating the attitudes and predictors of Islamophobia and Antisemitism. The data collected through the survey was analysed using three main variables - anomie, ethnocentrism, and authoritarianism - as predictors of antisemitism and Islamophobia. The strength of these three predictors was tested with the aid of path technique based on multiple regression analysis in order to determine the direct and indirect impacts of certain independent variables on dependent variables in a hypothetical causal system.

Sample details and representativeness

Computer Assisted Telephone Interview (CATI) survey led among a representative sample of the Italian population (n = 1,523) on Anti-Semitic and Islamophobic attitudes

DISCLAIMERThe information presented here is collected under contract by the FRA's research network FRANET. The information and views contained do not necessarily reflect the views or the official position of the FRA.