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OSCE/ODIHR Hate Crime Reporting Bias Against Muslims

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Type of publication

Hate crime reporting

Geographical coverage

EU comparative

Area/location of interest

Not applicable - national level

Type of Institution

Intergovernmental organisation


OSCE/ODIHR | Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe / Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights

Main Thematic Focus

Hate crime Incitement to hatred or violence Racism & xenophobia

Target Population

Muslims Migrants Refugees & asylum seekers

Key findings

Forty-three participating States submitted hate crime information for 2014, 17 of which provided detailed statistics in accordance with the bias motivations on which ODIHR reports. In addition, 122 civil society groups have submitted information on incidents in 46 countries. This information is supplemented by data submitted by seven OSCE field operations, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the International Organization for Migration (IOM).
While the general level of reporting to ODIHR remains comparable to previous years, limited data on some bias motivations continue to indicate under-reporting and gaps in recording hate crime.

Methodology (Qualitative/Quantitative and exact type used, questionnaires etc)

Desk Research
ODIHR’s annual hate crime reporting cycle comprises several stages. First, the Office issues a call for submissions to OSCE participating States, civil society organizations and its partner intergovernmental organizations. Second, ODIHR analyses reported data and information, and assesses whether it can be included in the report. Third, the Office releases data for consultation with participating States and other contributors. Lastly, ODIHR reviews suggested amendments to the report, updates to include late submissions, and prepares the information for final presentation.

Sample details and representativeness


DISCLAIMERThe information presented here is collected under contract by the FRA's research network FRANET. The information and views contained do not necessarily reflect the views or the official position of the FRA.