Ireland Ireland


Scweppe, J., Haynes, A., Carr, J. (2014) A Life Free from Fear: Legislating for Hate Crime in Ireland: An NGO Perspective, Limerick, University of Limerick

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Type of publication

Study - qualitative research

Geographical coverage


Area/location of interest

Not applicable - national level

Type of Institution



University of Limerick

Main Thematic Focus

Hate crime

Target Population

General population

Key findings

The majority of NGO participants identified their clients’ experiences of hate crime as being associated primarily with either racism against ethnic and inorities, and migrants broadly, or homophobic and transphobic hate crime towards LGBT persons. The most commonly cited grounds were race (identified by 8 NGOs), religion (7), sexual orientation (7), disability (5), gender (6) and membership of the Traveller Community (5). Evidence of anti-migrant bias was highlighted by NGOs who recounted incidents of individual discrimination.

Methodology (Qualitative/Quantitative and exact type used, questionnaires etc)

Qualitative methods - survey.
Empirical data for the report was gathered via an online survey distributed to 14 NGOs who responded to a call for participants. Survey questions addressed the organisations’ remit and client base, their experiences of supporting clients who have been the victim of hate crime, and their perspectives on the adequacy of current hate crime legislation in Ireland. Questions were primarily open-ended and the resultant qualitative data were subject to thematic analysis

Sample details and representativeness

Participants were recruited through the purposive sampling of NGOs known to advocate for and support communities and individuals covered under the 9 grounds of Irish equality legislation.

DISCLAIMERThe information presented here is collected under contract by the FRA's research network FRANET. The information and views contained do not necessarily reflect the views or the official position of the FRA.