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European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (2015), Promoting respect and diversity - Combating intolerance and hate (Contribution to the Annual Colloquium on Fundamental Rights), European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, Vienna.

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Type of publication

Survey - quantitative research

Geographical coverage

EU comparative

Area/location of interest

Not applicable - national level

Type of Institution

EU body


FRA | European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights

Main Thematic Focus

Hate speech Hate crime

Target Population

Muslims Migrants Ethnic minorities

Key findings

-Evidence collected by FRA shows that racism, xenophobia and related intolerance are widespread, despite measures taken by government and civil society across the EU
-The social and political climate is growing ever more tolerant of extremist, racist and xenophobic agendas that exploit fears about youth unemployment and security in the face of terrorism and other geopolitical challenges.
-Overall, this situation has a negative impact on social cohesion, as well as on respect for fundamental rights
-Political action is necessary to ensure full implementation of the EU’s existing legal framework in order to afford effective protection from discrimination and hate.

Methodology (Qualitative/Quantitative and exact type used, questionnaires etc)


Sample details and representativeness


DISCLAIMERThe information presented here is collected under contract by the FRA's research network FRANET. The information and views contained do not necessarily reflect the views or the official position of the FRA.