European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (2016), Incitement in media content and political discourse in Member States of the European Union, European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, Vienna.
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European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (2016), Incitement in media content and political discourse in Member States of the European Union, European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, Vienna.View full Research
Type of publication
Area/location of interest
Not applicable - national level
Type of Institution
FRA | European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights
Main Thematic Focus
Hate speech Incitement to hatred or violence
Muslims Migrants Ethnic minorities Refugees & asylum seekers
Media content and political discourse in EU Member States, whether online or offline, show incitement to discrimination, hatred or violence on different grounds, as evidence collected by the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) reveals. The growing reliance on the internet as the main source of information for many enables the fast spread of often unverified statements that could also incite to hatred. This FRA contribution to the second Annual Colloquium on Fundamental Rights provides a snapshot of manifestations of incitement in media content and political discourse against different groups in EU Member States. It outlines the European and international legal framework governing such cases, substantiated by relevant case law examples. Highlighting that members of minority groups perceive the prevailing social climate as condoning racism, xenophobia and intolerance, this FRA paper underlines the need for EU institutions and Member States to address the effect incitement can have on the population groups it targets.
Methodology (Qualitative/Quantitative and exact type used, questionnaires etc)
Sample details and representativeness
DISCLAIMERThe information presented here is collected under contract by the FRA's research network FRANET. The information and views contained do not necessarily reflect the views or the official position of the FRA.