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Racism and Discrimintion in the Context of Migration in Europe, ENAR Shadow Report 2015-2016, European Network Against Racism (ENAR) in Brussels

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Type of publication


Geographical coverage

EU comparative

Area/location of interest

Not applicable - national level

Type of Institution

Civil society organisation


ENAR | European Network Against Racism

Main Thematic Focus

Racism & xenophobia Discrimination Hate crime Integration & inclusion

Target Population

Muslims Migrants Ethnic minorities

Key findings

The ENAR report stresses that the increase in migrants entering Europe during the period 2015/2016 has revealed a crisis in the policies and practices of the EU and many EU Member States. The state of crisis has enabled policy makers to justify policy decisions that have been somewhat exclusionary and at
times resulted in the discrimination of non-white migrants. Short-term policy making to manage migration has seen walls and fences built, the lowering of humanitarian
standards and extreme security measures; all the more possible in response to this so-called crisis.

By the end of 2016 racism, socio-cultural issues, Islamophobia and security have become a dominant
part of the political discourse and are at the forefront of many political decisions regarding migration. This report shows how policy makers have attempted to manage
immigration through forms of exclusion and how the decision on who to include can directly and indirectly disproportionately impact on certain groups. Race, ethnicity and poverty, although not always obvious, have been considerations for politicians and policy makers
when deciding on who to welcome and who not.

Methodology (Qualitative/Quantitative and exact type used, questionnaires etc)

The data collected and analysed for this report were based on the contributions to an ENAR questionnaire and deskbased research. In each of the 26 EU Member States that this report covers, researchers/experts were contracted to carry out desk-based research and interviews to respond to the questionnaires. The national researchers and experts are listed below.

Sample details and representativeness


DISCLAIMERThe information presented here is collected under contract by the FRA's research network FRANET. The information and views contained do not necessarily reflect the views or the official position of the FRA.