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ACAT (2016), Order and Force. A study of the use of force by law enforcement officers in France (L'ordre et la force. Enquête sur l'usage de la force par les représentants de la loi en France)

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Type of publication


Geographical coverage


Area/location of interest

Not applicable - national level

Type of Institution

Civil society organisation



Main Thematic Focus


Target Population

Migrants Ethnic minorities

Key findings

The ACAT has identified several cases of serious injuries that have occurred during operations to evacuate illegally occupied dwellings. Violent acts were reported during the evacuation of camps of Roma in Marseille and the Paris region. In Calais, police harassment of migrants had been criticised.

Methodology (Qualitative/Quantitative and exact type used, questionnaires etc)

Qualitative - desk research

Sample details and representativeness

The analysis of 89 alleged situations of police violence in France from 2005 to 2015, based on the documentation available on the subject (institutional, association and parliamentary reports, sociological and medical studies, court decisions, press articles, etc.) .

DISCLAIMERThe information presented here is collected under contract by the FRA's research network FRANET. The information and views contained do not necessarily reflect the views or the official position of the FRA.